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Bradley M2A4 / M3A4

The Bradley A4 is equipped with an enhanced powertrain that maximizes mobility and increases engine horsepower, providing rapid movement in reaction to combat or other adverse situations. Wide angle Drivers Vision Enhancer, improved Force XXI Battle Command Bridge and Below (FBCB2) software integration improves friendly and enemy vehicle identification, enhancing situational awareness. The addition of a High Speed Slip Ring, greater network connectivity and Smart Displays that simultaneously display classified and unclassified information also improve situational awareness.

The Bradley is one of the most critical vehicles in the Armys ABCT today because it allows the Army to transport troops to the fight, and provide covering fire to suppress enemy vehicles and troops. Upgrading to the A4 configuration provides soldiers with more power to increase their speed and ability to integrate enhanced technology to ensure they maintain the advantage on the battlefield.

The Bradley is being upgraded through Engineer Change Proposals and will modernize the M2A3 to an M2A4. The Bradley M2A4 Vehicle is the combination of the Base Vehicle, ECP 1 and ECP 2. The current plan is that all Bradley A3s will become A4s. A separate integration effort began in FY 2014 for an underbelly armor kit for improved survivability against blast threats. Additionally, Improved Forward Looking Infrared (IFLIR) integration effort would begin in FY 2016 that would replace the current FLIR for increased lethality through improved target acquisition capability.

To restore lost platform capability and to host other Army Existing Programs of Record, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle program shall execute a series of Engineering Change Proposals (ECPs). The Bradley Program (MOD) procures hardware for mods from the Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) program approved by the Army Acquisition Executive (AAE) in July 2011. There are three ECPs in this program. ECP 1 improves vehicle's track and suspension while ECP 2 improves the power train and electrical system to enable the A3 fleet to host inbound technologies from Army Program of Records, including Handheld Manpack Small (HMS) Radios and Joint Battle Command Platfom (JBC-P). The ECPs are not intended to exceed the operational capability outlined in current system requirement documents, but rather to ensure that the existing system performance is not further degraded and that Army mission equipment packages can be integrated on the Bradley platform. ECP 2 development effort would lead to a production start in FY 2017.

The Bradley Family of Vehicles (BFoV) ECP program intends to integrate new technologies so that existing system performance is not further degraded. The ECPs are not intended to exceed the operational capability outlined in current system requirements documents.

The initial phase, known as ECP1, was a suspension and track upgrade, which began in FY11 to restore ground clearance and suspension reliability because of increases in Bradley armor and weight. ECP2 will upgrade the electrical system and power train to restore lost mobility and integrate new technologies to improve situational awareness and vehicle survivability.

Installation of ECP1 and ECP2 kits will result in the conversion of existing M2A3 version Bradley Fighting Vehicles into the M2A4 version and the M7A3 Bradley Fire Support Team vehicle into the M7A4 version. The A3 baseline configuration includes the additional Bradley Urban Survivability Kits, Bradley Reactive Armor Tiles, and Add-on Armor Kit that the Army developed and fielded in response to Operational Needs Statements during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

In September 2016, DOT&E approved an updated TEMP to support the production contract award for ECP2 originally scheduled for June 2017. Government changes in desired quantity, a late delivery of the proposal by the contractor, and increased cost per vehicle estimates by the contractor have resulted in a slip in the production contract award to February 2018 (estimated).

The Army continued efforts in 2017 to test and improve ECP2 reliability prior to the FOT&E in 4QFY19. The program created an integrated planning team to assess and recommend corrective action for current and legacy reliability failure modes. Due to unexpected reliability problems, developmental testing was increased to verify design changes for corrective actions, software updates, and reliability improvements, which have resulted in potential trade-offs in approved developmental and operational test scope. An updated TEMP was developed for review and approval. The program focused early developmental testing on identifying and correcting current M2A4 and legacy M2A3 failure modes. As a result, by 2017 ECP2 was not meeting its reliability requirement in ongoing developmental testing. ECP2 averaged 281 mean miles between combat mission failures in August 2017. The requirement is 400. Reliability was improving.

Seventy-six percent of combat mission failures are hardware to include failures of power pack components. The largest single cause of combat mission failures in early testing were transmission oil cooler (TOC) failures. The program designed and implemented a fix for TOC failures. The fix was verified in developmental testing. The program continued to design and implement fixes for remaining failure modes. ECP2 software version R1 was not mature and not reliable. Software version R1.1 was expected to correct nuisance faults and is scheduled for formal release in February 2018. The Army would address remaining software reliability problems with an additional R2 Software drop in February 2019 prior to the FOT&E in 4QFY19.

The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) fro FY2018 Authorized $311 million for 93 M2A4 Bradley fighting vehicles, the most modernized version of the Bradley, as well as other modifications. This represents an increase of $111.0 million above the Presidents initial request and fully supports another previously unfunded requirement.

The Army worked with the contractor to reduce ECP cost increases and expected to have a production contract award in 2QFY18 or 3QFY18.

The Army planned to add up to 473 of the new infantry carriers, part of a key portion of a broader Army push to prepare its arsenal of armored combat vehicles for major power land war. This is intended to pave the way toward a new generation of combat platforms for the 2030s and beyond. While the Army has thousands of Bradleys in its inventory, the size of this buy was extremely significant because it acquired the newest generation of Bradley vehicles. The service acquisition plan, advanced through a large-scale Army deal with BAE Systems, called for the most modern Bradley M2A4 and M7A4 vehicles. These newest Bradleys are part of a strategic push to bring the Bradley platform into a new era with advanced computing, digital processors, long-range sensors and a range of new weapons applications.

The US Army awarded BAE Systems a contract modification 08 October 2019 worth up to $269 million for continued production of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle (BFV). The award for an additional 168 upgraded Bradley A4 Infantry Fighting Vehicles is part of the Armys combat vehicle modernization strategy and helps ensure force readiness of the Armored Brigade Combat Teams (ABCT). Previously awarded funding for initial production of 164 Bradley A4 vehicles allowed BAE Systems to begin production. The award of this option brings the total production funding to $578 million. It includes upgrades and associated spares of two Bradley variants: the M2A4 Infantry Fighting Vehicle and the M7A4 Fire Support Team Vehicle.

BAE Systems Inc., York, Pennsylvania, on 25 June 2020 was awarded a $266,865,094 modification (P00039) to contract W56HZV-18-C-0133 for Bradley A4 Production Option Two, which awards 159 vehicles. Work will be performed in York, Pennsylvania, with an estimated completion date of March 31, 2023. Fiscal 2019 and 2020 weapons and tracked combat vehicle procurement (Army) funds in the amount of $266,865,094 were obligated at the time of the award. U.S. Army Contracting Command, Detroit Arsenal, Michigan, is the contracting activity.

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Page last modified: 29-06-2020 15:34:04 ZULU