Camp Red Cloud
US Army Garrison Red Cloud
Camp Red Cloud is located in Uijongbu City. CRC covers around 170 acres of land in the northwestern edge of Uijongbu City. Camp Red Cloud is located between Seoul and the DMZ. Camp Red Cloud is home to the 2nd Infantry Division headquarters, located about 40 km north of the capital city of Seoul. The Division is the most powerful and forward-deployed division in the US Army. The Camp population was approximately 1,600, with 1,200 being US military personnel, 60 being civilians contracted to the Depatment of Defense and 340 being classified as "other." Its climate features included, on average, summers between 80 and 90 oF, winters between -5 and 30 oF, and 48-56" of rain during a rainy season between July and August.
The primary mission of the facility is to act as the Headquarters of the 2nd Infantry Division and the Division's signal support (122nd Signal Battalion). USAG Red Cloud, headquartered at Camp Red Cloud, subsequently part of Installation Management Command Korea (IMCOM-K), provided installation management and base operations support for 10 camps in the 2nd ID area of operations (Area 1) in the Republic of Korea. Camps included Camp Red Cloud (CRC), Camp Stanley, Camp Page, Camp Essayons, Camp Kyle, Camp Sears, Camp Jackson, Camp LaGuardia, Camp Falling Water, and Camp Kwangsari.
This facility is the centerpiece facility of the Camp Red Cloud Garrison (subsequently US Army Garrison Red Cloud) and home of the 2nd Infantry Division. Army Community Service was provided. Also provied were a Housing Office, Education Center, and Family Employment Assistance. However, family quarters were not available. All but 76 of the Division's soldiers serve one-year unaccompanied tours. All soldiers live in on-post quarters.
The installation was named in honor of Medal of Honor recipient Cpl. Red Cloud on Armed Forces Day, 18 May 1957. More than 130 American servicemen were awarded the Nation's highest honor for actions during the Korean War. Today many of those honored names have been bestowed on camps and facilities throughout the Republic of Korea.
At about 0300 hours on 6 August 1998, after hours of torrential monsoon rains, the side of a mountain collapsed and blocked a river that ran along the perimeter of Camp Red Cloud. The raging water diverted through the center of the camp and inundated every thing in its path, including the 2nd Infantry Division Museum. When the floodwaters hit, most people were sleeping and those caught in the waters struggled to survive the chaos and confusion. Sadly 3 US soldiers died that dreadful night. Hours later the museum's noncommissioned officer in charge (NCOIC) and a Korean soldier attached to the US Army (KATUSA) were the first to enter the museum. They found a building almost completely full of muddy water, 36 inches deep in some rooms. The water entered one side of the building and filled it up. When the doors were opened on the opposite side of the building, a "river" of water ran out again. Left behind was a combination water and mud, 6 to 12 inches deep, in all but 2 rooms. Soldiers immediately began rescuing artifacts from flooded display cases and moving them to a dry room.
Part of the 1998 flood recovery construction effort, project design began in early December of that year with a charette. That week-long intense meeting and fast track process cut 4 months off the normal design time for a project of this type. The $5.4 million project was completed in April 2001.
On 24 November 1999, the groundbreaking ceremony for a consolidated administration facility at Camp Red Cloud was hosted by the Far East District and the project contractor, Daelim Industrial Company.
Camp Red Cloud was one of the 42 camps north of Seoul authorized Hardship Duty Pay of $150 per month as of 1 January 2001. The Hardship Duty Pay is paid to troops who are permanently assigned to areas where it is authorized or who serve 30 consecutive days of temporary duty in those areas. Several factors are considered in determining whether a location qualified for the pay: climate, physical and social isolation, sanitation, disease, medical facilities, housing, food, recreational and community facilities, political violence, harassment and crime. The extra pay provides meaningful financial recognition to troops assigned in areas where living conditions are substantially below US standards.
Central Post Information
- Dental Clinic
- Health Clinic
- Civilian hospitals available for emergency cases only, 5 minutes away by vehicle.
MWR Facilities Available:
- Recreation Center
- Golf Course
- Bowling Center
- Swimming Pool
- Outdoor Tennis/Basketball
- Community Club
- NCO/Enlisted Club
- Arts & Crafts
AAFES Facilities Available:
- Post Exchange
- Small Post Exchange
- Burger Bar
- Airline Ticket Office
- Tailor Shop
- Taxi Stand
- Class VI Shop
- Pizza Delivery
- Filling Station
- Barber Shop/Beauty Salon
General Area Information
National Parks and Resorts: Tobong, Soyo and Surak Mountains are all in the area, as is the Songdu Resort. Also, there are many parks, resorts, historical sites and entertainment areas in Korea. Because of the country's size and excellent transortation system, all these sites are within a day's travel from anywhere in the Division area. On-post tour and travel offices, Morale, Welfare and Recreation offices, and the USO offer regular excursions.
Nearby Facilities and Places of Interest:
- Hunting = None nearby. Hunting available at Cheju-Do (300 miles away).
- Fishing = None nearby. Fishing at Inchon (35 miles away).
- Skiing = None nearby. Travel to popular Mt. Sorak can be arranged through Tour & Travel.
- Swimming and Boating = No boating.
- Use on post swimming pools only.
The FASTBACK system that was replaced in Korea is reflective of the typical legacy mw systems used by the US Army to support worldwide long haul communication requirements. The FASTBACK system (seven individual links) provided a secure reliable means of transmitting bulk data collected along the Demilitarized Zone to command groups located in the southern part of the country. The equipment (i.e., radios and multiplexers) supporting the FASTBACK system had been in operation for over fifteen years, utilizing technology that was over twenty years old. The FASTBACK system consisted of an AN/FRC-162 radio and AN/FCC-97 multiplexer. In the late 1990s it was replaced by a high speed (155 Mbps) SONET digital microwave radio that utilize the digital data multiplexer (DDM)-2000 OC3 multiplexer. The Digital Microwave Upgrade DMU Phase I is a good example of what occurs when the link bandwidth is increased (8 DS1s to 84 DS1s (three 45 Mbps DS3)) with high speed SONET digital microwave and interface requirements to existing older, low speed mw technology. The Yongsan to Madison, Osan to Madison, and Camp Humphreys to Madison FASTBACK links were replaced during Phase I with the Harris MegaStar 2000 SONET radio. The remaining FASTBACK mw links between Madison and Kamaksan, Kangwhado, and Songnam, and Kamaksan and Yawolsan, were replaced during DMU Phase III. In conjunction with the DMU, the digital patch and access systems (DPAS) at Yongsan, Osan, and Camp Humphreys were upgraded to support up to three DS3s each.