122d Signal Battalion
"Voice of the Warrior"
The 122nd Signal Battalion was inactivated on 22 June 2005 as part of the transformation of the 2nd Infantry Division to the US Army's modular force structure. Personnel from the Battalion were used in part to help activate the 2nd Infantry Division Special Troops Battalion.
The 122d Signal Battalion installed, operated, maintained the Command and Control Communications systems for the 2nd Infantry Division, and managed the maintenance for the Division's Communications security equipment. Company C, 122d Signal Battalion, was located at Camp Red Cloud, Korea, and was the Signal Support Company that consisted of the Headquarters Platoon, Division Mobile Retransmission Teams, 5 Multi-Channel TACSAT Systems, the Large Extension that supported the Division Rear Command Post, Battalion Cable Team and Casey 39, 2nd Infantry Division's only fixed station retransmission site that supported the entire Division, CINC-USFK and Joint Security Area (JSA). It supported the 2nd Infantry Division in MSE, FM and the long haul communications.
122nd Signal Battalion's traces its history to the creation on 28 May 1899 of Company E, Signal Corps to support forces during an insurrection in Manila in the Philippines. The 122nd Signal Battalion was first constituted on 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as a Signal Corps battalion and organized on 10 October 1916 at Fort Bliss, Texas, as the 1st Field Battalion, Signal Corps, consisting of Companies A and B. Company A was formerly Company E, Signal Corps, and had been redesignated on 5 April 1910 as Field Company E, Signal Corps. Company B was formerly Company I, Signal Corps, which had been organized on 1 July 1904 at Benecia Barracks, California. That unit had been redesignated on 5 April 1910 as Field Company I, Signal Corps. As the result of the 1st Field Battalion's activation and subsequent actions in the Philippines, the unit awards included the San Isidro Campaign Streamer.
The 1st Field Battalion was reorganized and redesignated on 3 August 1917 as the 1st Field Signal Battalion and assigned on 21 September 1917 to the 2nd Division (later redesignated as the 2nd Infantry Division). For actions with the 2nd Infantry Division during World War I, 6 campaign streamers and the French Fourragere were awarded. Included in the awards received were the Aisne, Aisen-Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Lorraine and Ile de France.
After World War I, the 2nd Signal Company was reassigned to Hoblenz, Germany. On July 1919, they deployed to garrison to Fort Sam Houston, Texas. The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 23 April 1921 as the 2nd Signal Company. For the next 23 years, the 2nd Signal Company remained in Texas.
As the 2nd Signal Company, the unit deployed to Europe with the 2nd Infantry Division and conducted extensive training in Northern Ireland to prepare for the allied invasion of the Europe. In June 1944, 2nd Signal Company proceeded to do battle at Omaha Beach providing command and control communications for the 2nd Infantry Division during the Campaigns of Normandy, Northern France, the Rhineland, Ardennes, and Central Europe. The 2nd Signal Company earned one Presidential Citations, one Meritorious Unit Commendations, and 5 Campaign Streamers with the 2nd Infantry Division during World War II.
After World War II, the 2nd Signal Company returned to the United States and spent 4 years in training, which included testing new communication concepts for radio, jungle warfare, and arctic weather operations. On 8 July 1950, the unit deployed to Korea. They were awarded a Presidential Unit Citation for their contributions during the battle of Hongchon. Actions at the Naktong River forward line earned 2 Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations and added a Streamer for overall superior performance. The 2nd Signal Company earned one Presidential Citations, 2 Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations, one Meritorious Unit Commendations, and 10 Campaign Streamers with the 2nd Infantry Division during World War II.
The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 20 June 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 122nd Signal Battalion with its organic elements constituted on 24 May 1957 and activated on 20 June 1957 in Alaska. The 122nd Signal Battalion returned to Korea with the 2nd Infantry Division on 1 July 1965.
In June 2005, the 122nd Signal Battalion was inactivated as part of the transformation of the 2nd Infanty Division to the US Army's new modular force structure and the restructuring of US Forces in Korea. Some of its personnel were reflagged as part of the subsequently activated 2nd Infantry Division Special Troops Battalion.
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