ARCENT Qatar (ARCENT-QA)
The mission of the United States Army Forces Central Command-Qatar (ARCENT-QA) is twofold. First is to maintain a forward presence and exercise command and control over assigned and attached forces in Qatar. Second mission is to conduct reception, Staging, Onward Movement, and Integration (RSOI) of forces deploying to Qatar. The ARCENT-QA team is comprised of ARCENT, Combat Equipment Battalion-Qatar of the Army Material Command (AMC), 831st Transportation Battalion (MTMC) personnel, QRO, 550th DOIM and civilian contractors. ARCENT-QA is established in Doha, Qatar.
In the 1950's the main developments for the foundation of a modern state were begun. Schools began to be built, along with roads, power stations and a hospital. After the abdication of Sheikh Abdullah in 1949, Qatar was ruled first by Sheikh Ali Al-Thani, then by his son Ahmad until 1972, although Khalifa, the son of Hamad, Sheikh Abdulla's oldest son, was de facto ruler for much of this latter period. During this time the British announced their intention of withdrawing from all their treaties of protection and defense commitments in the Middle East by 1971. The Gulf States, which had all effectively been guaranteed by these treaties, decided to unite and form a federation of Arab Emirates. This was due to consist of Bahrain, Qatar, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras Al Khaimah, Ajman, Umm All Qawain and Fujairah. Lengthy negotiations ensued and ultimately Qatar and Bahrain opted for independence from the other states, which subsequently formed the United Arab Emirates in December 1971.
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