Soldier and Biological Chemical Command (SBCCOM)
Effective 9 October 2003, SBCCOM was re-designated into the following organizations: RDECOM (Research, Development and Engineering Command); CMA(Chemical Materials Agency); GUARDIAN BRIGADE; PM NBC(PM Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defense); and SSC(Soldiers System Center).
The U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command provides support in three main areas of defense: research, development and acquisition; emergency preparedness and response; and safe, secure chemical weapons storage, remediation and demilitarization. From the blackboard to the battlefield, SBCCOM provides defense capabilities by fostering partnerships with communities, industry and other government agencies in developing and implementing soldier, chemical, and biological defense systems to ensure maximum protection for the United States.
The establishment of the Soldier and Biological Chemical Command (SBCCOM) signaled that the Army had embarked on a bold transformation to focus key soldier protection and projection capabilities in one command. SBCCOM is a multi-faceted organization that has missions of critical importance to soldiers and citizens. Providing safety, protection and food for soldiers, supporting their deployments, researching, designing and acquiring next generation equipment, safely managing America 's chemical weapons stockpile and training for and responding to biological and chemical emergencies worldwide. With SBCCOM in operation, the Army is better able to take advantage of new technological gains in all subject matter areas as we seek ways to detect CB threats and protect soldiers.
SBCCOM is a major subordinate command of the Army Materiel Command (AMC). SBCCOM personnel support soldier missions globally and chemical stockpile and demilitarization functions throughout our nation. The Command includes headquarters facilities and a Chemical and Biological Center ECBC) located in the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground and the entire Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) Garrison. Other SBCCOM elements include the Soldier Systems Center (SSC) and the Integrated Material Management Center (IMMC) located in Natick, Mass.; a Nuclear Biological Chemical Defense and Smoke portion of the IMMC which is located in Rock Island,Ill.; IMMC Heraldry and War Reserve facilities located in Philadelphia, Pa.; management and environmental remediation responsibilities for Jefferson Proving Ground,Ind.; War Reserve facilities at Seneca Army Depot,N.Y.; and a component of the Project Manager for Soldier, located at Fort Belvoir,VA. In addition SBCCOM manages eight chemical storage sites throughout the United States. These eight chemical stockpile sites are located near Edgewood,Md.; Anniston,Ala.; Blue Grass,Ky.; Tooele,Utah; Newport,Ind.; Pine Bluff,Ark.; Pueblo,Colo.; and Hermiston, Ore.
The Research, Development and Acquisition business area provides full life-cycle support from laboratories to chemical and biological protection, detection and monitoring capabilities for the battlefield. Recognized as the nation's center of chemical and biological expertise, the Edgewood Chemical Biological Center and Project Managers continue research, concept exploration, demonstration, validation and engineering manufacturing development for production of chemical defense systems, obscuring smoke, aerosol systems, and flame weapons. The Soldier Systems Center at Natick provides total life cycle management of soldier and related support systems through centralized development, procurement, integration, and management of equipment, clothing, food and protection for the individual soldier as well as shelters, airdrop, field service and organizational equipment.
The operational capabilities of the command include the safe, secure, storage of chemical weapons at the eight United States stockpile sites at Anniston Ala., Blue Grass, Ky., Edgewood, Md., Newport, Ind., Pine Bluff, Ark., Pueblo, Colo., Tooele, Utah and Umatillla, Ore. These sites are also involved in Chemical Weapons Convention treaty compliance, remediation, emergency preparedness and direct support for the chemical weapons demilitarization.
Capabilities for emergency preparedness and response are present in a variety of command elements. The Army Technical Escort Unit, a globally deployable, highly trained, explosive and chemical/biological response team, has been safely identifying, escorting, rendering-safe, disposing and mitigating explosive chemical and biological devices for more than 50 years.
The command leads the federal Domestic Preparedness Program designed to enhance the capability of federal, state and local emergency response to incidents involving nuclear, biological and chemical terrorism. This new interagency effort provides train-the-trainer instructions and emergency response exercises for 120 cities across the United States, chemical and biological expert assistance and leadership for the Department of Defense Chemical and Biological Rapid Response Team.
The comprehensive remediation of Rocky Mountain Arsenal, cleaning up decades of weapons and chemical production, and the management of a fast-paced DOD program for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment to find alternative solutions for destroying chemical weapons are additional missions under SBCCOM management.
For more than 75 years, the command and its preceding organizations have led the military in chemical and biological defense and support to the military forces from daily peace activities to preparing and conducting military operations.
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