6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Regiment
As part of the inactivation of III Corps Artillery and the reorganization and redesignation of the 75th Field Artillery Brigade as the 75th Fires Brigade in 2006, the 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Regiment was inactivated.
The 27th Field Artillery Regiment as a whole was first constituted on 2 August 1918, and assigned to the 9th Division at Camp McClellan, Alabama. The 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Regiment was first constituted as a battery of the 27th Field Artillery. The 27th Field Artillery Regiment did not serve overseas during World War I, and was demobilized on 8 February 1919.
The 27th Field Artillery was reconstituted in the 1920s and assigned to the 9th Division. It was relived from assignment to the 9th Division on 1 October 1933. In 1940, the 27th Field Artillery was reorganized and redesignated as the 27th Field Artillery Battalion and assigned to the 1st Armored Division.
In the spring of 1942, the 27th Field Artillery Battalion deployed overseas with the 1st Armored Division, with whom it served during the entire Second World War. The 27th Field Artillery Battalion won acclaim for its participation in the amphibious landings on North Africa, actions in the Algiers and Tunisia, the Italian Campaign, and the invasion of Southern Europe. From 1942 to 1945, the 27th Field Artillery Battalion spent more than 550 days in firing positions, fired a total of 380,115 rounds of 105mm and had more combat action than any other unit in the 1st Armored Division.
The 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery was activated on 23 August 1962 as an 8"/175mm composite battalion, and stationed at Fort Chaffee, Arkansas. In 1965, the Battalion was deployed to the Republic of Vietnam. Assigned to the 23rd Artillery Group, II Field Force Artillery, the Battalion engaged in fire support planning and coordination for the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), lst Infantry Division, 101st Airborne Division, the ARVN 5th Division, the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, and the 3rd Marine Division. The unit also provided close artillery support for RVNAF Regular Force/Popular Force and US Army Special Forces Groups.
The 6-27th Field Artillery, known as the "Cannon Kings," was the first US Artillery element to fire into North Vietnam. During the period from 1 February 1969 to 31 August 1969 alone, the Battalion fired 87,233 rounds in a total 26,355 missions without a single artillery incident. The 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery compiled a long and enviable combat record in such campaigns as Tet 69, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Fish Hook, and Consolidation I to name a few. The unit returned to Fort Lewis, Washington for inactivation on 22 November 1971.
The 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery was reactivated as the Army's first Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) battalion on 1 October 1984. Subsequently known as the "Proud Rockets," the Battalion carried on its' tradition of excellence. In March 1990, the unit deployed to White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico to conduct the Initial Operational Test and Evaluation of the Army Tactical Missile System. The success of the test provided the Army with a highly accurate, long range fire support asset.
On 2 September 1990, the 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery deployed to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Shield. Assigned to the XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery, the unit played a critical role in the early defense of Saudi Arabia. As Desert Shield turned into Desert Storm, the Battalion was the first US Field Artillery unit to fire into Kuwait. Over the course of the war, the Battalion provided timely and accurate rocket and missile fires for both US corps in the theater, the 82nd Airborne Division, the 6th French Light Armored Division, the 1st Armored, 1st Infantry Division, the 101st Airborne Division, and the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized).
In September 1993, the Proud Rockets participated as the first ever MLRS unit to train in joint operations with the 11th Marine Regiment at Twenty-Nine Palms, California. During that operation, the Battalion was the first to fire the reduced range practice rocket under tactical conditions. In March 1995, 6-27th Field Artillery was the first unit to deploy the entire Battalion to support the 11th Marines at Twenty-Nine Palms, California.
In February 2000, 6-27th Field Artillery again deployed the entire Battalion, along with other elements of the 75th Brigade, III Corps Artillery to support the 11th Marines at Twenty-Nine Palms, California. In March 2000, 6-27th Field Artillery deployed to the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center in Twenty-Nine Palms, California, providing timely and accurate fires for the 1st Marine Division. 6-27th Field Artillery conducted platoon and battery raids and live-fired SEAD and several preparatory fires. In May 2000, the Battalion participated in the future fires command and control (F2C2) concept experiment, testing TTP and automated fire support systems for a fires and effects coordination canter (FFCC).
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