37th Transportation Command
As part of the Army's transformation, the 37th Transportation Command was inactivated on 29 March 2007 in a ceremony on Panzer Kaserne parade field.
The principal US Army Europe (USAREUR) mode operator was the 37th Transportation Command (TRANSCOM), headquartered in Kaiserslautern, Germany. The 37th TRANSCOM provided line haul transportation support, distribution services, and military police services in support of the Central Region and 21st Theater Sustainment Command contingencies. The 37th TRANSCOM trucking capability was in the 28th Transportation Battalion (Medium Truck), equipped with M915 tractors, as well as the 6966th Transportation Truck Terminal, equipped with M915 tractors, Mercedes 5-tons, and light vans. The primary trailer was the M872 40 foot trailer. The 28th Transportation Battalion also had 2 trailer transfer point (TTP) detachments.
The 37th TRANSCOM provided theater Army transportation support. It operated the theater distribution center (TDC) for the 21st Theater Support Command in support of theater distribution of Classes II, III (pkg), IV, VII, and IX. The Theater Distribution Center delivered to 98 different activities including all supply support activities on a 24-hour, 7-day a week basis. The 28th Transportation Battalion and the 6966th Truck Transportation Terminal moved ammunition, mail, refrigerated, and air line of communication (ALOC) cargo; performed heavy lift transport, and operated trailer transfer points.
The 37th Transportation Command served as the Transportation Command Element (TCE) to the Theater Support Command (TSC). On 28 August 2000, DCD Transportation Services conducted a video teleconference with USAREUR force structure representatives concerning the Transportation Command Element (TCE) concept. Key discussion topics were the implementation of the TCE concept and its impact on 37th TRANSCOM, 1st Transportation Agency (Movement Control) and 21st Theater Support Command.
In the out-of-cycle (OOC) Force Development Update (FDU), DCD-Transportation Services had incorporated a variant of the TCE that added a small G-staff to accommodate EUSAREUR's higher peacetime OPTEMPO. This was a problem unique to Europe, since success of the TCE's reduced coordinating staff was predicated on the expectation that there would be 1 or 2 Transportation Groups and either a TRANSCOM or Theater Support Command operating in the theater with the TCE. USAREUR's peacetime structure included the 21st Theater Support Command, but at a reduced manning level without the US Army Continentual United States augmentation stationed in Indianapolis, Indiana. The 200 variant of the TCE Unit Requirement Sheet (URS) added additional 23 personnel that formed the core of a coordinating staff. Depending on other structure actions affecting USAREUR in the near future (possible TDA changes, etc.), it was expected that the 200 variant might or might not be used, but would be in the structure if needed. USAREUR at the time supported the TCE concept and was recommending moving forward with the redesign. The Transportation Command Element (TCE) Redesign was approved by DCSCD-TRADOC on 21 Jun 2001. DCSCD approved the TCE redesign under the condition of converting only the 3rd Transportation Agency (Movement Control) and 184th Transportation Brigade to the TCE design.
In April 1999, 20 soldiers received a call saying they were needed to transport humanitarian relief cargo for the Kosovo refugees. Truck drivers for the 66th Transportation Company loaded their vehicles with MRE's, water, tents, prefabricated buildings, and heaters. In the first 5 days of the humanitarian relief operations, the 37th Transportation Command, made up of the 6966th Transportation Truck Terminal and the 28th Transportation Battalion, accumulated more than 13,000 miles to support the Kosovo refugees.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|