1st Battalion, 134th Infantry Regiment
"All Hell Can't Stop Us"
The 134th Infantry Regiment, Nebraska's only infantry unit, inactivated on August 18, 2001. Its component, the 1st battalion was to be reorganized into transportation and chemical reconnaissance and decontamination units.
This change comes as a result of the restructuring of the National Guard's to better meet the needs and requirements of the regular Army, and is one step in a seven-year process aiming to transform the 67th Infantry Brigade into a support group.
The 134th Infantry Regiment was originally organized in 1855 from independent militia companies of the Nebraska Territory as the 1st and 2nd Regiments, Nebraska Militia, commanded by Brigadier General John M. Thayer.
The unit was reorganized as the 1st Regiment Nebraska Volunteer Infantry and mustered into service for the Civil War in 1861. It became the 1st Nebraska Cavalry in 1863 and served on federal duty until 1866.
The unit was reorganized as independent companies in 1875, became the 1st Regiment Nebraska National Guard, in 1881, and served in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection (1898 - 1899) as the 1st Nebraska Volunteer Infantry. The 1st Nebraska Infantry Regiment was reorganized in Nebraska in 1900.
In 1913, it consolidated with the 2nd Infantry Regiment and reorganized as the 4th and 5th Infantry Regiments. The unit mustered for Federal service on the Mexican Border in 1916 and for World War I in 1917.
It was reorganized as the 134th Infantry Regiment shortly after being mobilized in 1917 and served in World War I (1917 - 1919), as part of the 34th Division, and in World War II (1940 - 1945), as part of the 35th Division.
The unit has earned 23 campaign battle streamers, four Presidential Unit Citations, two Meritorious Unit Citations and one French Croix-de-Guerre with Palm.
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