1991 - Post-Cold War
In June 1996, a document entitled “New Approaches to National Security Problems” was obtained by news media organizations in Moscow, which might shed some light on this question. The report, supposedly written by the Russian Security Council before the appointment of General Aleksandr Lebed, but endorsed by him, clearly stated that Russia must recreate its state’s management system based on the “information highway”. It also described “economic security issues as dominant at this present stage of the country’s development.”
To this end General Lebed is reportedly to have stated: "I believe that it is necessary to adjust the structure and goals of the intelligence services directing their efforts to back Russia’s economic interests in the first place. I will demand that more effort be applied immediately in the following specific fields: to ensure an uninterrupted monitoring of the situation on the world markets of armaments, aviation and space equipment and to search for information on existing or developing technologies in the design of new armaments; to search for new designs in commercial technologies, both by state-run and private enterprises; to search for critical information on the plans and activities of the leading international financial institutions, major transnational corporations, banks and investment companies of all countries of the world; to organize information campaigns in foreign countries to attract more investment in the Russian economy.
"I believe it is necessary to allow the intelligence services to cooperate with major domestic production and financial enterprises of any form of property. The experience of France, Germany, Japan and China has proved the efficiency of cooperation for raising the competitiveness and technological potential of the domestic economy. These are the issues that I want to handle within the Security Council through coordinating the resources that already exist in the key financial and economic structures of the state."
Other articles soon followed in the Russian press on the “Future of the Intelligence Community”. These included more specifics about Lebed’s plans to increase the number of GRU (Russian Military Intelligence) and SVR (Foreign Intelligence Service, former KGB First Chief Directorate) officers stationed around the world specializing in science and technological espionage.
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