Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
Tu-16 BADGER (TUPOLEV)
- Badger-A - Tu-16 -- The initial production version was lighter than the first prototype, and largely met the original performance requirement.
- Badger-A - Tu-16A -- Primarily employed as a medium bomber, the TU-16A carried nuclear bombs - the A suffix stood for Atomic. It had a re-configurable thermostatically controlled heated bomb bay compatible with nuclear weapons, and a special skin for protection against nuclear thermal effects. Externally similar to the basic Tu-16, it featured more powerful RD-3M-200 engines, and an improved self-defense gun fire control system. This was the primary production version, with over 700 built, many of which were subsequently converted to other versions.
- Badger-A - Tu-16E -- To increase range, the TU-16 subsequently outfitted with an air refueling system. Some TU-16 were converted into tanker aircraft, which were first tested in 1955 and received the designation TU-16E [some Western sources suggest the designation was Tu-16Z]. However, they could still be used as bombers. This initial inflight refuelling tanker version used a novel "wingtip-to-wingtip" method, with a hose trailed from the right wingtip and snagged by grapnel trailed by receiver, then winched into fitting in receiver's port wingtip. It also had provision for additional transfer fuel in removable tanks in bomb bay.
- Badger-A - Tu-16M-- The Tu-16M AV-MF maritime strike version was similar to the Tu-16A with a few minor differences.
- Badger-A - Tu-16N -- A secondary mission for Badger A is as a tanker. From 1963 on the TU-16 was converted into TU-16N tanker aircraft. This tanker version featured a 'Probe and drogue' system with a Yakovlev-built centerline fueling unit in the bomb bay and ARK-5 beacon. It was mainly used to support probe-equipped Tu-22 and Tu-22M Blinder bomber regiments.
- Badger-A - Tu-16T -- series production of the TU-16T began in the middle of the 1950s. It was equipped with an air-to-surface missile for anti-shipping purposes, with provision for mines, depth charges or for four RAT-52 or TAN-53 torpedos. This torpedo bomber version was built in limited numbers, and after 1965 all TU-16T aircraft were converted into the TU-16S.
- Badger-A - Tu-16S -- The Tu-16S search and rescue model, a 1965 conversion of all the TU-16T aircraft, featured additional fuel and extra radios and carried a radio-controlled lifeboat in the bomb compartment.
- Badger-A - Tu-16Ye -- In the middle of the 1950s, the TU-16N and the TY-16Ye were created for electronic warfare. The Yolka ECM system featured a row of three steerable antennas under the bomb bay and a bulk chaff-cutter/dispenser. This aircraft is designated Badger-K when fitted with two radomes rather than traditional three. A few Tu-16As were rebuilt as Elint/EW platforms, though most Tu-16Ye's were produced by conversion of redundant Tu-16K-10 missile Badger-D carriers.
- Badger-B - Tu-16KS -- The Badger B is equipped with two Kennel air-to-surface missiles suspended beneath the wings. The TU-16KS began initial tests in August 1954. It carried two KS-1 Kometa air-to-surface missiles with a range of 90 km, and had an operational range of 1800 km. The Kobalt-N guidance transmitter was installed, though the glazed 'bomber' nose was retained. The aircraft subsequently served in the Soviet Naval Air Force [AV-MF].
- Badger-C - Tu-16K-10 -- In 1955 work began on modifying the Tu-16 as the carry the K-10S (AS-2 Kipper) cruise missile for the Soviet Naval Air Force for use in anti-shipping missions. The missile's guidance system was added as an onboard system, with the missile mounted semi-submerged under the fuselage on the centerline in the bomb bay area. The glazed nose was replaced by broad flat radome housing antenna for the YeN targeting radar. A missile top-off fuel tank was housed in the bomb bay, along with a small pressure cabin for the YeN radar operator. The TU-16K-10 prototype was finished in 1958 and series production started in 1959. Deployment into the Soviet Naval Air Force began in October 1961. A total of about 220 were built, many of which were subsequently converted to Elint/EW platforms.
- Badger-C (Mod) - Tu-16K-10-26 -- Small numbers of Tu-16K-10s were later modified to carry KSR-2, KSR-5S and later underwing K-26 missiles.
- Badger-D - Tu-16Ye -- Badger D is a modified Badger C reequipped to perform an ELINT reconnaissance mission. This EW conversion of Tu-16K-10 and K-10-26 is generally similar to Tu-16A and Tu-16KS-based EW conversions (Tu-16Ye 'Badger-A' and 'Badger-B'), though retaining the distinctive broad flat nose radome.
- Badger-E - Tu-16R -- The TU-16R reconnaissance aircraft represented another modification of the TU-16 Badger which was tested from 1955 on. The Badger E is a modified Badger A reequipped to perform photographic reconnaissance, with a camera pack in former bomb bay and the pilot's forward firing gun usually removed.
- Badger-E - Tu-16RM -- The Tu-16RM is a maritime reconnaissance version for the Soviet Naval Air Force [AV-MF]. At the turn of 1960, there was a need in the aircraft, more adapted to solve exploration problems in naval theaters of action than the Tu-16R. The base model was chosen bomber Tu-16K-10 that best suited the requirements of the Navy Command. Remaking already obsolete submarines in the sea scouts carried themselves sailors through its design companies and repair facilities in coordination with the OKB-156. The Tu-16K-10 removed the suspension system and the missile launch, patched recess under it at the bottom of the fuselage and set up a specialized radar "EN-P" radome which was slightly larger than the standard radar "EH". The bottom surface of the fuselage established three drop-shaped radome ELINT stations (front and back - for CDS-1, average, slightly larger - for CRC-4). He worked with these systems operator, who was suspended in the pressurized cabin. For optical reconnaissance unused planned aerial camera AFA-33 / 20M, located in the front compartment of the technical and prospective AFA-42/75. In addition, some of the cars were equipped with radio stations for raising SPS-1 and SPS-2. In addition to performing reconnaissance missions, the aircraft could carry out guidance to the target cruise missiles K-10C missile launched from the Tu-16K-10 and Tu-16K-10-26. An experimental maritime reconnaissance was successfully tested in the early 1960s. And then was passed into service under the designation Tu-16RM-1 (code "RM" means "sea scout"). The Aviation Navy in this version converted 11 (according to other sources - 12) Tu-16K-10. In addition, similarly converted 12 (according to other sources - 11) missile carriers Tu-16K-1 MP, on the basis of which the scouts were called Tu-16RM-2. In total, the fleet operated 23 aircraft Tu-16RM-1 and Tu-16RM-2.
- Badger-E - Tu-16KRM -- Small numbers of Tu-16RMs were modified with underwing launch rails for rocket-powered target drones.
- Badger-F - Tu-16RM-2 -- Badger F is a photographic reconnaissance variant of the Badger E Tu-16Rs and RMs with the addition of ELINT pods beneath the wings or fuselage.
- Badger-G - Tu-16K-11-16 -- The Badger G has the concurrent capability of carrying two Kelt AS-5 (125 nm) or two AS-6 (300 nm) air-to-surface missiles suspended beneath the wings and delivering bombs from an internal bomb bay. The new missile system K-11-16 with KSR-2 (AS-5B) and KSR-11 (AS-5B) missiles and the "Rubin-1" radar system were developed in 1962 based on a modification of equipment of the MIG-15. The Badger G/Kelt weapon system was developed as a stand-off weapon for the LRA and for an anti-shipping role for the SNAF. It probably has an anti-radiation role capability. The AS-6 would have similar roles. It is equipped for aerial refueling. A number of Tu-16As and Tu-16KSs were re-fitted with undernose Rubin radar and with provision for K-11 or K-16 missiles. The TU-16K-11-16 aircraft that were converted from TU-16, TU-16A and TU-16KS aircraft could carry either two KSR-2 or KSR-11 missile beneath the wings. They served in the Soviet Naval Air Force.
- Badger-G (Mod) Tu-16K-26 -- Development of the K-26 missile system started in 1962, using the KSR-5 (AS-6) air-to-surface anti-ship missiles. They were deployed on TU-16K-26 aircraft that entered service in the second half of the 1960s. The Tu-16K-26 aircraft was modified to launch K-26 missiles, with launch attitude indicator on the nose glazing. The characteristics of the K-11-16 and K-26 weapon systems allowed the aircraft to retain their original bomber capabilities.
- Badger-G (Mod) Tu-16K-10-26 -- During development of the TU-16K-26, the K-10 weapon system was upgraded and replaced by the K-10S system that had two KRS-5 or KSR-2 missiles. The retrofitted aircraft received the designation TU-16K-10-26. After the K-10S system missiles were phased out, these aircraft carried only KSR-5 missiles.
- Badger-H - Tu-16PP or Tu-16P Elka -- The Badger H is believed to be an ECM support aircraft with a primary mission of sowing chaff corridors to protect follow-on weapons-carrying aircraft. It also has a limited capability to provide active ECM against search and acquisition radars. This stand-off jammer version was produced by conversion of Tu-16A or Tu-16KS, with underfuselage radomes at each end of the bomb bay, and with a new bulk chaff-cutter/dispenser serving three chutes in the former bomb bay doors.
- Badger-J - Tu-16P Buket -- The Badger J active jamming platform is estimated to carry a multichannel click jammer to perform both stand-off and escort-active ECM. It features a ventral canoe fairing and flat plate antennas forming wingtip extensions.
- Badger-K - Tu-16Ye -- Badger K probably supplements Badger F and is probably an automatic system designed for precision ELINT collection in a dense signal environment. This EW conversion of Tu-16KS is generally similar to Tu-16Ye Badger-B, though with two rather than three underfuselage radomes mounted on the area of the former bomb bay [rather than at each end as on Badger-F].
- Badger-L - Tu-16P and Tu-16PP -- The Badger-L is an advanced ELINT platform with a self-protection active jammer and an associated thimble nose radome, along with a distinctive extended ECM tailcone.
- Badger - Tu-16C -- Marine search and rescue aircraft, developed in the Tupolev Design Bureau on the Tu-16. December 26, 1955 the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR #1952-1047, is obliged to equip the MAP Tu-16 self-propelled boat and produce prototype rescue Tu-16C on state tests (GI) in the 1st quarter of 1957 for the conversion work was carried out in Tomilino branch of OKB-156 under the leadership of I.F.Nezvalya. RC Boat "Fregat" hung under the fuselage of the Tu-16, and the vehicle was equipped with equipment to locate distress. The system was successfully tested on the Black Sea Fleet and was accepted for the supply of naval aviation. Since 1965, at production plants in most of the rescuers was converted Tu-16T.
- Badger - Tu-16SP -- In 1970-ies. several Tu-16s were converted to anti-aircraft Tu-16SP. They are installed in gruzootsekah powerful radar allows you to search submarine on the surface or at periscope depth, and surface ships. The aircraft could be armed and equipped with anti-submarine torpedoes radiogidrobuyami. Tu-16SP in their purpose was close to the far antisubmarine aircraft Tu-142, and with the adoption of into service of this machine there was no need for the TU-16SP anymore.
- Badger - Tu-16T -- A torpedo carrier, developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau on the Tu-16. From the outset, the design of the Tu-16 was supposed to use it for the Navy. July 12, 1954 came the Council of Ministers Decree #7501 of the equipment Tu-16 mines and torpedoes. For testing it was used serial Tu-16 #4200501, released by the Kazan plant. In practice, this aircraft became an experimental torpedo plane, which received the designation Tu-16T or product "NT". In total, up to the termination of the series in 1957 in Voronezh aircraft factory released 76 Tu-16T. At the same time on the same plant was carried out modifications to the conventional torpedo Tu-16 from the Naval Aviation. To accommodate marine armament Tu-16T had changed payload bays [gruzootseke]. They could carry two jet aircraft torpedoes PAT-52, six high-altitude torpedo 45-54VT (or low-altitude 45-56NT), two depth charges WB-2F, 12 aircraft ground mines AMD-4-500 or four mines AMD-4-1000. It could also carry suspended reactive pop mines RM-1 and RM-2, universal bottom mines UDM, bottom mines MDM-3, 4-MDM, MDM-5, "Hammer" anchor mines "Lira", type mines AMD- 2M IHM-M, "Desna", training booby bombs UPAMB-100/80 torpedoes 45-36MAV. The total weight of marine weapons reached 8.7 tons. In addition, the Tu-16T could take a full set of conventional weapons bomber -. Up to 9 t Externally Tu-16T from the bomber Tu-16 differed only slightly different design gruzootseke flaps. Since 1965 all the Tu-16T were converted to Tu-16C rescue with "Fregat" boat in the bay bomber. The boat was dumped in the area of the accident and the conclusions to the victims with the help of radio system "Speech". Range Ty-16C - 2000 km.
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