Soviet Solid Rocket Motor Infrastructure - 1980
Moskva Solid Motor Production Plant Lyubertsy
Moskva Solid Motor Production Plant Lyubertsy is an R&D facility engaged in the development and evaluation of prototype propellants and production standards, motor fabrication, and static test firing of new solid propellant rocket motors and possibly hybrid motors for both strategic and tactical systems. No buildings at this production plant appear to be devoted solely to engineering and/or laboratory research. The basic engineering and re- search functions are probably provided by the Moskva Explosives Propellants R&D Facility Lyubertsy , approximately 2 nautical miles (nm) northwest of the solid motor production plant. The two facilities together make up the Scientific Research Institute 125 (NII-125).'
Leningrad Institute of Applied Chemistry (GIPKh)
Leningrad Institute of Applied Chemistry (GIPKh) is in the center of Leningrad on the north bank of the Malaya Neva River. The institute is engaged in R&D of solid and liquid propellants, propellant storage tanks, nozzles, combustion chambers, and toxic gases.' The institute contains approximately 43 irregularly shaped build- ings and can be divided into five functional areas - administration, engineering/laboratory, pilot production, testing, and support. GIPKh is closely associated with seven other missile-related installations in the Leningrad area. These facilities are
- Toksovo Propulsion Research and Production Plant GIPKh
- Petrokrepost Explosives and Solid Motor Plant Morozov
- Leningrad Solid Motor Test Facility 1
- Leningrad Solid Motor Test Facility 2
- Leningrad Solid Motor Test Facility 3
- Primorsk Rocket Engine Test Facility
- Zelenogorsk Rocket Engine Test Facility
No missile-related components, equipment, or vehicles have been identified at GIPKh.
Petrokrepost Explosives and Solid Motor Plant Morozov
Petrokrepost Explosives and Solid Motor Plant Morozov is a solid propellant R&D installation where double-base, composite, and probable composite-modified double-base (CMDB) propellants can be produced. Static test facilities for the plant are at Leningrad Solid Motor Test Facility 1. The plant consists ' of 11 functional areas. Developmental motors can be produced at Petrokrepost since it is a solid propellant R&D facility. The upper stages for the SS-16 and SS-20 missile systems have been produced here. Production included the second-stage motors for the 25X1 SS-20 system and limited production of FROG motors. Missile component railcars load and unload missile-related components inside missile assembly/-checkout buildings, thereby limiting the capability to view new motors for new systems or accurately account for motors of existing systems.
Leningrad Solid Motor Test Facility 1
Leningrad Solid Motor Test Facility I is a static test facility for Petrokrepost Explosives and Solid Motor Plant Morozov, 12 nm to the east-southeast. The facility contains a static test area with four barricaded horizontal test cells and an instrumentation and control building; a structural/vibration non-destructive test area and an artillery and projectile test area containing a projectile test range. A boneyard for expended rocket motors is between the static test area and the structural/vibration nondestructive test area.
Kazan Missile Propulsion R&D Facility
Kazan Missile Propulsion R&D Facility is the experimental test facility for the P. F. Zubets Motor Design Bureau. The propulsion R&D facility, which is approximately 9 nm east-northeast of Kazan Aircraft Engine Plant 16 includes facilities for testing solid rocket motors, liquid rocket engines, hybrid rocket engines, integrated rocket-to-ramjet systems, high-energy lasers and rocket- or engine-driven power sources for The primary functions of the R&D facility are testing, research, and evaluation: its capabilities, to date, have not included manufacturing or production. The Zubets Design Bureau, located primarily at Kazan Aircraft Engine Plant 16, is assessed to have been responsible for the development of the propulsion system used on the sustainer stage of the SA-4 and the booster stage of the ABM-l. The design bureau is involved with the design/development of several propulsion systems that would probably be used for new defensive missile systems destined for the ground forces and the PVO Strany forces,' These systems include solid propellant motors designated 9D128, 9D126, 9DI31, 5S73, 5G65, and 5S24. The Zubets Design Bureau is dependent upon other facilities, in addition to Kazan Aircraft Engine Plant 16, for the production of solid propellants, rocket motor cases, and liquid fuels and for the use of additional static test facilities, Several of the facilities which have a close working relationship with the Zubets Design Bureau are Safonovo Plastics and Guided Missile Component Plant I Sverdlovsk Guided Missile Production Plant 8 and Perm Solid Motor Production Plant 24.
Krasnoarmeysk Solid Motor Development Facility
The Krasnoarmeysk Solid Motor Development Facility is involved in the development of rocket motors and their component parts and also in the limited production of prototype motors. The facility functions as an R&D center for all new solid propellant rocket motors produced in the Soviet Union. The solid motor development facility consists of ten widely scattered areas. These areas include a probable missile receiving and checkout area; a rocket motor assembly, checkout, and test area; the original design bureau 3 and an associated probable rocket motor production section: the origi- nal design bureau 3 test area; a probable missile/motor and munitions receiving, checkout, and finishing area: a possible missile storage/support area; a missile motor/engine and munitions development and fragmentation test area: a new probable rocket motor assembly/checkout area: a munitions loading and storage area: an air-breathing engine test area; and an administration and support area. The Krasnoarmeysk Isolated Motor Test Area is an integral part of the complex.
Zagorsk Solid Propellant R&D Facility
The Zagorsk Solid Propellant R&D Facility is a solid propellant design bureau responsible for the R&D of new solid propellants and/or missile hardware.' The facility is in the southern part of the city of Zagorsk, 38 nm northeast of the center of Moscow and 13 nm north- west of Krasnoarmeysk Solid Motor Development Facility, The facility can accommodate small and large horizontal test cells between 190 by 80 meters.
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