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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)




Temp-2S / RT-21 / SS-16 SINNER - Program

Alexander Nadiradze set himself and the team the task: "Creation of a mobile ground complex with a solid-fuel intercontinental range missile with a monoblock warhead." After carrying out appropriate pre-project and design studies, the corresponding experimental design work receives in 1967 the Temp-2S index. As for the Temp-C missile, all the charges for the Temp-2S rocket were developed at the Luberetsk Soyuz KB under the leadership of Boris Zhukov and his first deputy Vadim of Hungary. The work was difficult, but confident.

The former secretary of the party committee, Viktor Protasov, was sent to the Khotkovo Design and Technology Bureau near Moscow from the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering, who created the world's best design and production organization for the development of fiberglass products (later carbon materials). The engine housings, the launch vehicle of the rocket, the hopper of the launcher - all this is fiberglass, and all this is KTB. And today the Central Research Institute of Special Machine Building under the leadership of Vladimir Barybin occupies an advanced place in these issues not only in Russia, but also in the world.

By the end of 1968, it became clear that the missile was coming. The unresolved were two important questions: the decision on the launch weight of the rocket (this is discussed below) and the developer of the missile control system.

The development of the control system for the Temp-2S missile was entrusted to the Automation and Hydraulics Ministry, which entered into the Ministry of Defense Industry, which, to put it mildly, did not "draw" in this matter. For the sake of objectivity it is obligatory to say that the Central Research Institute of Automation and Hydraulics has always been and still is the main developer of the hydraulic drive (the main designer - now, alas, the late Yuri Danilov) of all missiles of the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering, and also the developer of a ground hydraulic drive for all launchers on which these missiles ever lay.

Again, Alexander Nadiradze took courageous decisions: increases the launch weight of the missile from 37 to 44 tons and simultaneously appeal to the leadership of the country with a proposal to replace the developer of the missile control system.

In July 1969, the corresponding resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR was issued, the main cooperation was being specified (the main designer of the missile control system was appointed Nikolai Pilyugin) and the main tactical and technical characteristics, basic terms of work were established. Customer - Missile forces, grinding their teeth, issued, as he was ordered by the decree, "Tactical and technical requirements for the development of the mobile missile system" Temp-2S "# T-001129".

The 15U15 and 15U21 launchers for the 8K96 and 8K99 complexes were developed at KB-3 of the Kirov plant under the supervision of Deputy Chief Designer Nikolay Kurin on the basis of the T-10 heavy tank. They performed the main task - they drove and shot. At the same time, characterized as a weapon system, these launchers did not do well (in particular, only outside the paved roads, because they broke the asphalt, the travel resource was only 3000-5000 km), their operation was extremely difficult (access to many elements of the chassis is difficult, replacement of some special systems required the dismantling of adjacent systems, etc.).

Therefore, on the one hand, the development of the crawler launcher (index 15U67) for the Temp-2S rocket was entrusted to KB-3 of the Kirov plant (and with the task set for the rocket with a starting mass of 37 tons, the KB team coped well) on the other hand, Alexander Nadiradze simultaneously provided for the development of the Temp-2S rocket and a self-propelled launcher on the automobile chassis (index 15U68). The development of the launcher 15U67 and ground equipment of the complex as a whole was entrusted to the same creators of the PU and the chassis for the Temp-S missile - the OKB of the Volgograd Barrikady Plant (chief designer - Georgy Sergeev), the KB of the Minsk Automobile Plant under the leadership of Boris Shaposhnik.

Alexander Davidovich Nadiradze was a genius in rocket technology and a man who perfectly understood the importance of the word "complex". Deputy General Designer of the Moscow Heat Engineering Institute Lev Solomonov related: "Temp-2C is a complex, it can not be said about it as they talked about the first experimental mobile complexes on caterpillar tracks: this is a tank, and this is a rocket. Temp-2S is a single organism. The complex was not succeeded by anyone. Nadiradze managed to solve the most complicated problem, the complex successfully passed the tests in Plesetsk and was deployed, the military received what they dreamed of... "

Joint flight tests of the Temp-2S complex (RS-14 complex) were started by launching the first rocket on March 14, 1972 at 21 hours from the Plesetsk launch site. Flight-design stage in 1972 was rather difficult: 2 launches (second and fourth) out of 5 were unsuccessful. However, in the future there were no failures. In total, 30 launches were carried out during the flight tests. Joint flight tests were completed in December 1974 by the salvo launch of 2 missiles.

The mobile ground-based missile system "Temp-2S" was adopted by the Soviet Army in the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1976. However, in accordance with the Treaty on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, it was considered as non-deployed. All 42 serially manufactured "Temp-2S" missiles carried combat duty at the Plesetsk training ground at a permanent deployment site in storage facilities.




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