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NIKIET Dollezhal

NIKIETResearch and Development Institute of Power Engineering (NIKIET) imeni N.A.Dollezhal aka Joint Stock Company “Order of Lenin Scientific Research and Design Institute of Power Engineering named after N.A. Dollezhalya" (NIKIET) is one of the Russia’s largest Design and Scientific Research Centers, specializing in reactor technologies. NIKIET JSC is part of the integrated company Atomenergoprom JSC, which consolidated civilian shares of the Russian nuclear industry and provides a full production cycle in the field of nuclear energy, from uranium mining to the construction of nuclear power plants and the generation of electricity. Atomenergoprom is part of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom.

The mission of the enterprise is the creation of highly efficient and safe nuclear energy facilities and installations for military and civil purposes for the implementation of the tasks assigned to the Rosatom State Corporation, designed to ensure the military and energy security of the Russian Federation.

The Institute designs advanced power reactors (including for the regional power engineering), research reactors, isotope generating reactors, blankets and energy conversion systems for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Project. It ensures scientific and technical support of safe operation of NPPs with RBMK reactors, design and supply of the reactor control and protection, as well as automated monitoring and diagnostic systems, etc.

Since the beginning of the 50s of the XX century, NIKIET (in those years, NII-8) was the lead contractor for the design of ship steam generating units, the manufacture and supply of their equipment for the facilities of the Navy of the USSR and the Russian Federation, as well as author support for their operation, repair and disposal. NIKIET is a pioneer in the USSR and the Russian Federation in creating innovative integrated-type steam generating units for naval facilities, which are still successfully operating in Russia.

NIKIET is a multi-discipline Institute with 1600 employees, the majority of which are the experts of the highest qualification. The mission of organization is to design and develop efficient and safe power facilities for both defense and civilian purposes in order to implement the tasks of the State Corporation for Atomic Energy “Rosatom” that are important for defensive security and nuclear safety of the Russian Federation.

Successful work of the NIKIET personnel in development of wide spectrum of research reactors allowed the Institute playing the leading role in this area of nuclear engineering technology. The organization has the necessary potential for maintaining and further development of this branch. NIKIET is the lead executor of the work in nuclear and radiation safety during decommissioning and disposal of the RF Navy nuclear submarines and surface ships, as well as in the process of remediation of territories of the radiation hazardous facilities of the Navy. The Institute possesses a unique pilot-scale production line intended for mastering production technologies and testing of the new samples of reactor equipment.

The Institute is capable of solving practically the whole set of issues related to designing of nuclear facilities of different type – starting with the task definition to design, production and decommissioning of nuclear facilities. It possesses great intellectual and technical potential for solving the most complicated tasks. The NIKIET collective is aimed at the perspective, innovative developments and unique designs of nuclear facilities, as well as at author’s support during the whole lifetime. All this makes the Institute competitive, which allows NIKIET services be required for many years.

This institute, formed in 1943, became one of the rare institutions in the country, combining research, design and production units. And this allowed effectively implementing all stages of a single process: idea - experiment - scientific understanding - construction - creation and verification - prototype - implementation in industrial scale. This eliminated unnecessary organizational and time gaps between stages that gave the ability to significantly accelerate the entire process of creating new products. In this case these important principles of work organizationdo with the fact that the institute dealt more than others with extreme pressures and temperatures, aggressive environments, etc., played the deciive role in fulfilling critical top secret design work. In 1946, the Niikhimmach design bureau headed by N.A. Dollezhal began designing the first domestic commercial reactor. NIKIET JSC began its history in 1946 when the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR formed the "Hydraulic equipment sector" special design bureau under the leadership of N.A.Dollezhal.

In the difficult years of World War II with the Nazi invaders, the government, in order to restore the chemical industry and its further development, decided to establish a Scientific Research Institute of Chemical Engineering. In accordance with this decision, the order of the People's Commissar of Mortar Weapons (NKMV) of the USSR P.I. Parshina from August 18, 1942 NIIkhimmash was organized in Sverdlovsk (Nizhneisetsk settlement) on the basis of the institutes Giprokhimbummash (formerly Giproazotmash) and EKhimmash that existed before the war. The Uralhimmash plant under construction was to become the production base of the institute. The director of NIIkhimmash was appointed a veteran of the Kiev Bolshevik plant, the former head of the Central Laboratory Efim Isaevich Goldman, and the chief engineer (concurrently) was Nikolai Antonovich Dollezhal, who worked at that time as the chief engineer of the Uralhimmash plant.

In 1946-1965, as in previous years, the institute was on the rise, which was also facilitated by the state of mind in the victorious country. In 1946, demobilized chemical workers returned. A lot of orders came from industry. The country was rebuilding and re-profiling old ones, as well as building new chemical plants, which required the development and development of new, more productive equipment. During the fifth five-year plan (1951-1955), the institute took part in solving the most important problems of the national economy. To ensure the fulfillment of the tasks facing NIIkhimmash during this period, significant changes were made to the structure, organization of work, the management of the institute and its divisions.

In 1952, by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the Scientific Research and Design Institute of Energy Engineering (NII-8, later NIKIET) was created. By order #375 of the Minister of Mechanical Engineering of the USSR of 22 June 1953, on the basis of department 9, with the involvement of employees of some other departments, the Scientific Research and Design Institute of Power Engineering (NIKIET) was created, headed by N. A. Dolezhal. The newly formed institute came under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Secondary Engineering of the USSR.

In 1954, the Institute developed a draft nuclear power plant (NPP) for the first Soviet nuclear submarine "Leninsky Komsomol", the first atomic submarine in the USSR. In the following years, using this type of nuclear power plant, more than 50 nuclear submarines of various types (multipurpose, with cruise and ballistic missiles) were built and successfully operated.

According to the project developed at the institute, the most powerful V-5 block steam generating unit for the project 661 nuclear submarines was created at that time, setting a world record for underwater speed (about 45 knots) that has not been surpassed so far. For the first time in the practice of world shipbuilding, the Institute has developed and created an auxiliary single-circuit nuclear power plant with a boiling-type reactor for a Project 651E diesel-electric submarine.

In 1959, the Institute was awarded the Order of Lenin for the successful creation of a reactor installation for the first nuclear submarine by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. More than 50 nuclear submarines of various types, including cruise missiles and ballistic missiles, were built with the nuclear power plant of this project. Subsequently, for the first time in domestic practice, the institute created and commissioned ship-borne nuclear steam generating units of the integral type.

In 2009, the institute was transformed into an Open Joint Stock Company, since 2014 Joint Stock Company “Order of Lenin Research and Design Institute / Institute of Power Engineering named after N. A. Dollezhal ”(JSC“ NIKIET ”).

Successful experience in operating the first channel reactors served as the basis for the development of the RBMK project of a water-power channel reactor of high power. As of 2019, 11 power units with RBMK with a total electric capacity of 11,000 MW are operated in Russia, on which almost half of the country's nuclear electricity is generated.

According to projects or with the participation of NIKIET, 27 research reactors were created in Russia and abroad. NIKIET is the chief designer of all IR of Russia with a capacity of 100 MW (SM-3, MIR, being built by PIK), the unique fast rector of IBR-2, under construction by MBIR.

Russia's NA Dollezhal Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering (NIKIET) will be the designer of the research reactor for the planned Nuclear Research and Technology Centre in Bolivia, according to Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom. Russia and Bolivia signed an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in construction of the centre on 6 March. The $300m center will be equipped with a light water reactor of nominal power up to 200kW, a multi-purpose experimental gamma installation, as well as a cyclotron, engineering facilities and facilities for scientific and other laboratories. Rosatom Director General Sergey Kiriyenko said the possibility of involving Argentina in construction of the centre is also being considered. "Some Argentinian participation in this project is possible. Together with the Bolivia's government we will make a decision when we complete the design of the centre," he added. Russia and Argentina signed an intergovernmental agreement nuclear cooperation in 2014 and negotiations on various projects is continuing, he said.





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Page last modified: 10-08-2019 19:09:10 ZULU