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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


RSS-40 Kuryer - Program

By Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of July 22, 1985, No. 696-213, the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering was designated as the head of the development of the Kurier complex. In the process of work, ground-based testing of the main rocket units, systems and assemblies, including remote control and SS equipment, was carried out in full.

In March 1989, the first experimental Kurier missiles were delivered to the Plesetsk test range, having a simplified design and equipment. These products were to be used in the course of the thrust tests, the purpose of which was to test and test the launcher units and responsible for starting the automation. The first launch was launched in March 1989. Such tests continued until May 90th. In total, 4 launch operations were carried out.

The four test launches of the rocket from Plesetsk were carried out - from March 1989 to May 1990. According to other information, the first two tests were unsuccessful (April 2, 1986 and August of the same year), three subsequent tests (December 1986, October 1987 and early 1988) were successful.

In 1990, the specialists of MIT and related enterprises continued the development of the project. At the same time, they had to wait for the completion of work on a mobile launcher based on a special chassis. The assembly of the latter began only in 1991. In the middle of the 92nd it was planned to complete the training of all the units of the Courier complex and to conduct the first flight tests of the new missile. However, in October 1991, just a couple of months before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the project was closed. The reasons for this were the economic situation in the country, the changing political situation in the international arena, and the abolition of the development of the American Midgetman project.

Flight tests of the full-scale sample were to begin in the summer of 1992, but they did not take place for political reasons, although the main components and components were successfully tested.

In accordance with the agreements between the political leaders of the USSR and the United States on October 6, 1991, further developments of the small-sized Soviet ICBM and its overseas counterpart, the Midgetman ICBM, were discontinued.

The project of the mobile ground missile complex 15P159 "Courier" with the missile 15Zh59 was closed. Nevertheless, the developments on this system have not disappeared. In the nineties the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering actively worked on a number of projects of advanced missile technology for the Strategic Missile Forces and the Navy. These or those knots, aggregates and technologies are used in the "Topol-M", "Bulava", etc. missiles. For example, an easy-to-use small-size Kurier missile control system is used on the launch vehicle "Start", the operation of which continued from 1993 to 2006. Thus, the project "Courier" did not lead to the appearance of the same PGRK, but to a certain extent helped with the creation of new weapons.

When working on the complex "Courier" the institute team made huge technological and design breakthroughs. These "courier" achievements later became the basis for the Topol-M and Bulava complexes, not to mention the space launch vehicle Launch-1 flying today using Kurier control systems




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Page last modified: 16-10-2018 16:14:00 ZULU