Dog House / Danube-3M
The Danube-3M radar was built in the vicinity of the railway station. station Akulovo in Odintsovo district of the Moscow region in the first half of the 1960s. In experimental operation since 1968. The station consisted of receiving and transmitting complexes, separated by a distance of 2.5 km. The range of the station to the "Danube-3M" station was 2500 km. The computer equipment located at the station analyzed the received radar information, automatically detected ballistic targets, and when the latter detected the target designation and targeting to the A-35 firing systems.
The Danube-3M at Kubinka burned down, after which the antenna itself was dismantled, and the buildings were abandoned. On May 8, 1989, a fire occurred at the station, eyewitnesses recall that “cables were burning, of which there were hundreds of kilometers. The building is windowless - the temperature is huge inside - steel beams flowed in drops, visibility is zero. It burned for two or three days, then almost went out - oxygen burned out. Then, in order to extinguish, they made a hole under the roof on the left side of the entrance, a meter 2 by 3. Oxygen went off - the fire started again. They extinguished it a day later.
The fire at the radar destroyed most of the equipment of the receiving station, but the computer center was able to defend itself from fire. After this, the transmitting station continued sending radar signals for a while, creating the illusion of active functioning to the potential enemy.
After the fire, the station was not restored due to economic reasons or due to the commissioning of the Don-2N radar, which, together with the Danube-3U, was the maximum permissible number of long-distance detection stations within the country under international agreements (SALT). The antenna itself - the "Hut", or rather what was left of it, was dismantled in the early 2000s, and only the command post building was left from the entire station. At present, the antennas and equipment of the transmitting complex had been dismantled, the structure in which the equipment was located, partially destroyed and abandoned.
In 1995, after the collapse of the USSR, the next version of the old invention of the designer Kisunko, the A-135 Amur system, was finally put on alert duty. It already looked very much like the American Safeguard 20 years earlier. The first "Danube-3M" by that time was burned and was partially dismantled (the famous "space hut" disappeared over the Kubinka). Instead, the newest radar "Don-2N" near Sofrino, similar to the "Nixon pyramid" in North Dakota, was already working.
In 1959, the draft project of the "A" anti-missile system was completed under the supervision of Chief Designer of the system G. Kisunko, and building of an experimental field model began. The system included the Dunai-2 long-range radars with a range of 1,200 kilometers, designed by the NII-37 under the supervision of Chief Designer V. Sosulnikov. The main command and computing center for the Moscow ABM system was built 70 kilometers from Moscow. The building was adjacent to the antenna of the long-range detection system, which domestic specialists called the Shalash, and NATO dubbed the Dog House.
According to some sources, this radar is located in Naro-Fominsk, southwest of Moscow (Lat. 55°23'N - Long. 36°44'E). Other sources, including Zaloga, place the radar near Kubinka. In fact the radar is located at Lat. 55°31'01"N - Long. 36°39'27"E, about 6 kilometers south of Kubinka.
The town of Kubinka, situated 50-75 km south-west of Moscow, is known as the primary school of aerobatics and also as the location of famous display teams, the Strizhy, the Russian Knights and the Flying Hussars. In addition, Kubinka is the largest air base of the Russian air force in the Moscow region. Shortly after foundation, the Strizhy were followed by another display team flying the Sukhoi Su-27, which was founded at Kubinka air base on 5 April 1991. Contrary to the Strizhy's MiGs, the Knights' Su-27s are painted up in the Russian national tricolour. The third display team at Kubinka air base, equipped with the Su-25 attack aircraft, the Sky Hussars is the only group in the world to show aerobatics on attack aircraft.
Kubinka is the site of the the Russian tank proving ground. The Kubinka Museum ranks as one of the worlds greatest museums of armoured vehicles. Located at Kubinka, it contains over 290 examples of both Russian and foreign AFVs, many of which are unique. Its existence only confirmed in the late 1990s.
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