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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Borey-K SSGN

The Russian Defense Ministry is considering the possibility of building two nuclear submarines of the new Borey-K project, which will become carriers of long-range cruise missiles. According to the source, if the decision is made, the submarines can be delivered to the customer after 2027. "The Ministry of Defense is considering the possibility of creating two more Boreys, but not with ballistic, but with long-range cruise missiles. If a decision is made, these submarines will be built on the new Borey-K project with delivery to the customer after 2027," a source in the Russian military-industrial complex told TASS 20 April 2019. He did not name the alleged characteristics of the new submarines.

Currently, the Russian submarines of the Borey series - both submarines of the basic project 955 and the improved 955A (Borey-A) - are strategic and capable of carrying 16 Bulava ballistic missiles on board. The fleet has three submarines of project 955 - Yuri Dolgoruky, Alexander Nevsky and Vladimir Monomakh, sea trials are underway leading submarine of the modernized project 955A Prince Vladimir, four more Borey-A submarines are being built at Sevmash in Severodvinsk. This APRKSN "Prince Oleg", "Generalissimo Suvorov", "Emperor Alexander III" and "Prince Pozharsky". Earlier it was announced that the submarines of the Borey and Borey-A projects would no longer be laid in Russia.

New ships are being created according to the modernized Borey-A project. It differs from the baseline in a reduced level of physical fields, more advanced means of communication, enemy detection and weapon control. Improved living and working conditions of the crew. The Borey-B project was also developed, providing for the installation of a new water-jet propulsion and even more advanced equipment. Probably, Borei-K is planned to be built using the most progressive elements of both projects. Replacing the Bulava missile silos with more compact and universal cruise missile launchers will make the Boreas carriers of an unprecedented arsenal. On board each ship, it will be possible to place up to 150 "Caliber", "Onyx" or "Zircons" cruise missiles.

The Russian Navy today has two types of submarines - carriers of cruise missiles: submarines of project 949A Antey and submarines of projects 885 Yasen and 885M Yasen-M. The fleetís combat structure includes six Anteyevs (each armed with 24 Granit cruise missiles) and one Project 885 Severodvinsk submarine, the main submarine of the modernized Project 885M Kazan is undergoing sea trials, and five more are under construction (there are 32 launchers for the Caliber and Onyx missiles on the Ash). The United States Navy has four Ohio-class strategic submarines that have been converted to cruise missile carriers. They are capable of carrying up to 154 Tomahawk missiles.

Meanwhile, in Russia they suggested using the world's largest nuclear submarines of the Shark project as carriers of cruise missiles. Instead of recycling, two submarines of this project were proposed to be upgraded to the Caliber, Onyx and Zircon launchers, following the example of Ohio-class strategic submarines converted into cruise missile carriers.

Severodvinsk Sevmash has no plans to build nuclear submarines of the Borey-K type, which are supposed to be carriers of cruise missiles. "To date, the plans of Sevmash, the construction of such ships is not provided," - said Mikhail Budnichenko 10 July 2019.




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