Land-Attack Cruise Missiles (LACM) - Variants
It is reported that the Sword-10 missile family has developed the CJ-10, DH-10A, DH-2000, CJ-20 and other models. The original purpose of the Sword-10 development was to equip the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy shore missile fleet to play a role in preventing the intervention of the USA in the possible crisis across the Taiwan Strait. For a time, it was named the East China Sea-10. It was originally planned to equip naval shore-based anti-ship missile units with a naval-oriented priority. Therefore, the missile was named "East China Sea"
After the task of adjusting the mission, in turn to the precise remote attack on the ground for the development of the direction, it renamed the Sword 10 - CH-10. People have always referred to this type of ground-based cruise missile of the Second Artillery Corps as "Sword-10." But now the name seems to have changed.
In addition to land-based models used by the Second Artillery Corps, the Sword-10 missile family will also be equipped with three important platforms. The first platform is the H-6K bomber, which uses a more advanced engine and flies farther than the old H-6. Sword-20 (KD-20) for the Sword-10 air-based models, is equipped with the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force. Can be fired by the H-6M(4), H-6K(6) and other mounted launchers.
The Type 055 destroyer is the latest development of China's 10,000-ton destroyers. The combined combat capability of the destroyer exceeded that of the United States Navy's Arleigh Burke class destroyers and the Aegis destroyers of Japan and South Korea, second only to the U.S.-made Zumwalt destroyers. The Type 055 destroyers will be equipped with 112 ~ 128 vertical launch unit, equipped with a large number of Sword-10 cruise missiles ability.
The third platform may be the Type 093 nuclear submarine. Type 093 nuclear submarines are expected to build a total of 6 to 8 ships. The 093 basic water displacement of 5300 tons, underwater displacement of 6800 tons. The Type 093G submarine's water displacement of more than 5600 tons, more than 7200 tons of underwater displacement. Among them, the Type 093 attack nuclear submarines class was said to include a total of 2 boats equipped with 12 vertical launch unit. The Type 093G nuclear submarine was claimed to have 24 vertical launch tubes.
Although the DF-10 has many improved models and more than 10 years of equipment, the Chinese navy has never used the DF-10 as its carrier or submarine-launched cruise missiles. Instead, it has developed a long-range based on the Eagle-18 missile cruise missile. The Chinese navy's carrier-based and submarine-launched land attack cruise missiles were developed on the basis of the eagle 18 anti-ship missile. On January 8, the 2017 National Science and Technology Awards Ceremony was held in the Great Hall of the People, and the Eagle Strike 18 submarine anti-ship missiles of the China Academy of Aeronautics and Astronautic Science and Engineering were awarded the grand prize. The missile also has an attack land-based, according to launch carrier into ship-based, submarine-type. Including the Navy surface ships vertical launching models, submarine torpedo launching models, submarine vertical launching models, shore-based models.
Some reports claim that China's newest 093B nuclear submarine can carry 12 eagle-18 anti-ship / cruise missiles. Its huge range can be launched beyond the enemy defensive line and a concealed attack on the enemy inland from the deep sea.
The annual United States Department of Defense reports to the United States Congress concerning Chinese defense developments used “DH-10” up to 2011, before switching to “CJ-10” in 2012. Extant publications may use both terms to identify the missile.
DH-10 - Dong Hai-10
In September 2004 it was reported that China had test-fired a land attack cruise missile (LACM) with a range of 1,500km. The new missile, designated Dong Hai-10, or East China Sea-10, is likely to be accurate to within 10m. According to Jane's Missiles and Rockets, China is developing a land-attack cruise missile known as the Dong Hai-10 (DH-10) that has a range in excess of 1,500 kilometers (Jane's Missiles and Rockets, October 2004). Defense officials in Taiwan stated that some of China's LACMs will be highly accurate, with circular error probables (CEPs) of 10 meters or less (Taipei Times, October 5, 2004).
The U.S. Department of Defense assesses that these LACMs will allow for "greater precision than historically available from ballistic missiles for hard target strikes, and increased standoff". In 2006, the US DoD reported that "Land-attack cruise missiles (LACMs), such as the DH-10 now under development, or special operations forces could be used to attack regional land bases." In March 2009 the US DoD reported that "The PLA is developing air- and ground-launched LACMs, such as the YJ-63 and DH-10 systems for stand-off, precision strikes."
The PLA first deployed new DH-10 ground-launched land attack cruise missiles (LACMs) in 2008, with 50-250 LACMs. As of April 2008 the PLA had 150-350 DH-10 ground-launched cruise missiles. China deployed 200-500 DH-10 ground-launched land-attack cruise missiles(LACM) by the end of 2009. The DH-10 was revealed to the public for the first time during the military parade in October 2009 to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC. However, the missile’s designation was reported as the CJ-10 (Chang Jian, or “Long Sword” in English translation). By 2010, the PLA had 200-500 DH-10 LACMs with a range of 1,500+ km. The air-launched CJ-10 variant has been developed for deployment on the H-6M [four missiles] and H-6K [six missiles] bombers, which were entering service in small numbers in the 2010 timeframe. The DH-10 is believed to have a conventional warhead, while the CJ-10 may have both nuclear and conventional variants.
CH-10 East China Sea-10
The CH-10 [East Sea-10] is China’s new LACM [Land Attack Cruise Missile] that was originally designated the DH-10. It is believed to be a variant of the six copies acquired from Ukrainian of the Russian Kh-55 cruise missile that China reverse engineered. CH-10 is believed to have a range of 1,500- 2,000 kilometers with as many as 250 or more produced and deployed in groups of 20 - 30 launchers with three missiles each. Mail display cards from the pre October 1, 2009, 60th. anniversary celebration showed the CH-10 type as a Naval and or land PLA (army) system but the entire mailing card series seemed to be themed towards the PRC’s Navy.
Changjian-10 CJ-10 cruise missile
Changjian-10 / Long Sword-10 is a product of the China Aerospace Science and Industry Research Institute of the Third Research Institute responsible for the deployment of the People's Liberation Army subsonic mid-range cruise missiles. The system is identified by three long launch canisters, of octagonal cross section, mounted on the rear of the Chinese WS 2400 8 x 8 Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL), the missile has a reported range of over 1,500 km (~800 NMI) and up to 2,000 km (~1,100 NMI).
With Deputy director Liu Yongcai as chief designer. Work began in 1999 with engine life test, the first flight in 2001, 2003 began full-state test flight. Sword-10 created records of China's winged missiles flying the furthest distance, missile weapons flying the longest time, the most complicated changes in a flight trajectory. On September 20, 2006, the Second Artillery Corps of the People's Liberation Army held a ceremonial pick-up ceremony for this type of missile weaponry and equipment. In 2009, this type of missile weapon system won the special prize of China's National Science and Technology Progress Award.
The Chang Jian (Long Sword) CJ-10 long range cruise missile system is reported to have started trials with the Second Artillery Force in 2004 and as of September 2009, between 50 and 250 missiles had been deployed along with between 20 and 30 launch vehicles. Their existence was initially revealed by Chinese media during the practice parade for 60th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China.
On October 1, 2009, Sword-10 paraded for the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China as the first public ground-based cruise missile party. In 2013, the research and development team (Advanced Penetration and Prevention Technology Innovation Team of Cruise Missile) won the first batch of National Science and Technology Progress Award (Innovation Team).
Sword-10 cruise missiles have long range, high precision, and low-altitude flight. The Sword-10 range of about 1500 ~ 2500 km, by the WS-2400 vertical transport launchers equipped with three long-barrel, octagonal cross-section. Guided by GNSS and GPS, four different versions of warheads are available for use on land-based models. One is a heavy warhead weighing about 500 kilos and the other three are 350 kilograms of high-explosive bombs, sub-bombs and earth-penetrating.
The WS2400 series 20 tonne 8 x 8 cross-country vehicles are for all intents and purposes copies of the Russian MAZ-543/7910 8 x 8 TEL, also used previously for the RK-55. When used as the TEL for the CJ-10, it is designated as the PHL-03 and has a maximum road speed of 60 km/hr with a maximum range of 650km using sealed roads. It can climb a 57% slope and cross water up to 1.1. meters deep.
KD-20 / Changjian-20 CJ-20 air-launched cruise missile
The Long Sword-20 (KD-20) is an air-launched version of the Long Sword-10 and is equipped with the People's Liberation Army Air Force. It can be launched by H-6M (4 pieces), H-6K (6 pieces), etc. The CJ-20 Changjian-20 / Long Swrod 20air-launched cruise missile is intended for delivery by the H-6 bomber, and may have a range of 2,200 kilometers. A report by the United States Air Force published in 2009 suggested that the CJ-20 also had the potential to carry a nuclear payload. In a war between China and the US, the American naval base on Guam could be a primary target for the CJ-20. The CJ-20 could be ready within five years, the head of the Air Force Global Strike Command indicated in briefing slides dated 07 May 2013.
DF-10 (Dong Feng, or “East Wind”)
The most famous long-range cruise missile in China is the Dongfeng-10 missile. On October 1, 2009, China's cruise missile empire passed solemnly and majestically through Tiananmen Square. The world marvelled that China had a precision strike weapon that strikes the enemy. On January 18, 2013, the cruise missile development team won the first batch of national science and technology progress awards (innovation team), and was honored as a national advanced model. This is also the only award-winning team in the national business community.
The missile, which looks like the US Tomahawk, was first unveiled at the 2009 National Day parade. The development started in the 1990s and the first test-firing in October 2000, 2003. The flight test was successfully completed in 2006 and the armed forces began to operate around 2006. At present, the Dongfeng-10 missile has been developed to the second generation of improved Dongfeng-10A cruise missiles, deriving multiple versions of land-based, air-launched and anti-ship navigations.
According to Western media speculation, DF-10 missile size and weight are greater than the US Tomahawk missile, about 8.3 meters long [including solid booster], weighing 2 tons, with diameter 650 mm. It is reported to have a cruise altitude 30 to 50 meters, a small turbofan engine, cruise speed of 0. Mach, 500 kg warhead, the effective range of 2500 km or more. Guidance method is cruise inertia + terrain matching + satellite-aided navigation, and final guidance is guided by optical scene matching. The end-point accuracy CEP of target of 2000 km is less than 3 meters.
In April 2015, the online exposure of a picture of the type of cruise missile launch showed that the missile body has a "DF-10" message, that is, Dongfeng-10.
Dongfeng 10's original design was due to the Navy. Due to the Dongfeng-10's heavy weight up to 2 tons and a diamters of 650 mm or more, it is said to be impossible to get into the torpedo tubes of a submarine. The diameter of the torpedo tubes of China's Navy's nuclear submarines and conventional submarines is only 533 mm.
By 2015 the Second Artillery Corps had more than 400 Dongfeng-10 land-based land attack cruise missiles (LACMs) developed by China's Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, with a range of 1,500 to 2,000 kilometers.
DF-10A (Dong Feng, or “East Wind”) Sword-10A
During the Victory Day military parade held in September 2015, an improved variant of the DH-10/CJ-10 was revealed. The Long Sword-10A is a land-based mobile launch cruise missile developed on the basis of the Changjian-10 land-based cruise missile. It can dynamically identify targets, super low-altitude hidden strikes, and multi-angle continuous attacks. On September 3, 2015, Changjian-10A was first publicized as a third-party team of conventional missiles for strategic strike troops in the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japan and the World Anti-Fascist War. The missile features a cylindrical body with two retractable wings, four foldable tailfins as well as a concealed belly engine inlet. It is stored and transported inside box-shaped launchers, with three missiles carried on each Wanshan WS2400 8 x 8 TEL vehicle. The missile features a new 8 x 8 TEL vehicle and slight different arrangement in its box launchers. The new LACM was reported as the DF-10A (Dong Feng, or “East Wind” in its English translation), the same name for the PLA’s strategic and theater ballistic missiles.
The Sword-10A is a land-based mobile launch cruise missile developed on the basis of the Sword-10 ground-based cruise missiles, which can dynamically identify targets, low signature hidden covert and multi-angle continuous attacks. On September 3, 2015, Sword-10A was first announced publicly as a strategic third-party team to combat conventional missiles of the armed forces during the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War.
The A in the DF-10A indicated that this cruise missile has undergone a lot of improvements, almost a new type of missile. The first is that a great change had taken place in the missile carrier, using a new generation of 4-axis monobloc chassis; followed by the firing box from the font-shaped arrangement into a lined arrangement, each firing box can be individually hoisted or fired. Third, fundamental changes had taken place in guidance technology. The new Dongfeng-10A cruise missile is guided by a combination of inertial guidance, satellite guidance, digital scene matching zone correlator for end guidance and infrared imaging guidance.
YJ-100 / Eagle-100
The existence of the YJ-100 long-range anti-ship missile was leaked in January 2014. Photos of China's supersonic anti-ship missile "YJ-12" and long-range anti-ship cruise missile "YJ-100" were revealed online in February 2015. Li Li, a military expert, during the China Central Television (CCTV) interview, said both missiles can cause a severe damage to enemy's large surface combat vessels. "The "YJ-12" and "YJ-100" can be regarded as an anti-ship duo," Li commented on the two missiles. The "YJ-100" is not a supersonic missile but has a long attack range. Li said that if the range of the "YJ-100" can reach as long as 800 kilometers, it will strike aircraft carrier and large surface targets in a long distance that beyond visual range and the enemy can hardly response properly. If the range can reach 2,500 kilometers as same as that of American air-launched cruise missiles, it will do a great damage to enemy’s large surface warships.
The YJ-100 is a long-range anti-ship cruise missile designed to be delivered by H-6 bombers. It is a derivative of the CJ-10 air-launched cruise missile similar to the United States Tomahawk land attack cruise missile. The YJ-100 cruises at very high subsonic speed. According to the Chinese press the YJ-100 features a range of at least 650 kilometers, between the YJ-18 with 300 kilometers range and the DF-21D with 1,500 kilometers. The anti-ship missile is intended to engage the United States Navy's aircraft carrier battle groups at long ranges in the Pacific. The YJ-100 guidance system combines the Inertial Navigation System (INS) and the Global Positioning System (GPS) for mid-course guidance; and an active radar seeker and an infrared seeker in the terminal phase.
The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) YJ-100 is a long-range, subsonic, anti-ship cruise missile designed to be delivered by Type 055 class destroyers starting in 2020. The air-launched YJ-100 features a range of 650-to-800 kilometers but the sea-launched version may feature a shorter range if not provided with a booster or additional fuel.
he photo shows that the missile suspected of "Eagle-100" resembles the "Long Sword-10" and the "Tomahawk" patrol missile. The warhead is oval, the middle section is cylindrical, the tail is a truncated cone, and the rear is rocket-assisted. In the middle of the body, there is a pair of folded narrow trapezoidal wings, an air inlet in the abdomen, and a cross-shaped folding wing at the tail. It should be a turbine engine commonly used for cruise missiles.
Mainland netizens analyzed that the "Eagle-100" is likely to adopt the "Inertial + Satellite Guidance + Active Radar Finder + Infrared End" composite guidance method. With China's current technological standards, it is entirely possible to use the "Beidou" navigation system. Mid-range guidance for the "Eagle-100" to meet the high-precision requirements of the far-end strike, and at the end of the missile flight path, the "Eagle-100" is likely to use millimeter-wave guided radar to improve missile anti-missing and anti-jamming. The ability to fight against electronic warfare and return the detected image to the carrier/carrier, allowing the controller to select the most worthy target on the screen and effectively combat the enemy ship.
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