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Thailand Islamic Insurgency

2007-2008

On 13 January 2007, a Buddhist man and his wife were working at a rubber plantation in Yala Province when a group attacked them. The group shot the man 3 times in the chest before beheading him and killed his wife. Another Buddhist was killed in a drive-by shooting in a separate attack in Yala. On 26 January 2007, suspected Muslim separatists ambushed police patrols and torched a school as Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont returned to southern Thailand for a third attempt to end the bloody insurgency.

On 18 February 2007, 29 bombings and 20 other attacks rocked the country's 4 southernmost provinces. Most of the attacks took place in a span of 45 minutes. The following day violence continued as bombs exploded at 4 locations in the south, which killed an army major and wounded 2 soldiers, 3 policemen, and 13 civilians. On 21 February 2007, Thai police said suspected Islamic separatists had set ablaze Thailand's biggest rubber warehouse and shot dead 4 people in fresh attacks across the Muslim-majority southern provinces.

On 2 March 2007, in the jungles of southern Thai soldiers killed 5 suspected Muslim insurgents during a raid on a weapons training camp. On 14 March 2007, suspected Muslim insurgents opened fire on 9 Buddhists who were riding in a commuter van, all were killed. Three days later, attackers hurled explosives and opened fire on an Islamic school, which killed 3 students and sparked a riot by angry Muslim villagers. Shortly after the attack, 3 Buddhists were shot dead in the same district.

On 5 April 2007, attackers fired a grenade into a mosque in Thailand's restive south, which wounded 16 Muslim worshippers in an act of defiance after authorities imposed a strict curfew to contain escalating violence. On 29 April 2007, suspected Muslim insurgents in southern Thailand killed 2 Buddhist villagers, beheaded one of them, and left a note that said the attack was revenge for a deadly weekend bombing at a mosque. The next day Islamic insurgents exploded a bomb at a busy night market and wounded 20 people.

On 2 May 2007 Thailand's military-installed Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont said he had tasked his southern army commander to develop a detailed amnesty proposal for Islamic militants. On 11 May 2007 separatist militants killed 2 policemen in a raid on a security checkpoint. They attacked it with guns and grenades before setting it ablaze with the victims inside.

On 20 May 2007, Muslim insurgents shot and killed 2 Buddhist civilians and wounded a third, while a bomb wounded eleven people, including 5 policemen. On 23 May 2007, 7 people, including 2 teenagers were killed, while 11 others were injured in a spate of bombings by suspected separatist rebels. On 27 May 2007, 6 bombs ripped through a key commercial district, wounding 10 people. On 28 May 2007, a bomb in a market in Kolomudo killed 4 Buddhists, including 2 children.

In response to the attacks, 3 days later suspected insurgents sprayed gunfire into a mosque, which killed 7 worshippers. Black-uniformed raiders roared into Kolomudo, a Muslim village. They fired assault rifles and hurled grenades from a pickup truck at a group of teenagers that were relaxing near the mosque. When the attack was over, 5 of the youths were dead. Buddhist vigilantes were suspected. A roadside bomb killed 11 paramilitary troops almost simultaneously in some of the worst recent violence. A twelfth soldier died the next day.

On 14 June 2007, a bomb exploded during a soccer match, wounding 14 police officers who were providing security. On 15 June 2007, a roadside bomb and shootings killed 7 soldiers in one of the deadliest attacks on security forces during 2007. On 21 June 2007, separatist militants in southern Thailand shot a Muslim man and then partially severed his head, while the nation's leader was visiting the region. A 54-year-old Buddhist was gunned down in a drive-by shooting. The following day 10 people, including 5 soldiers, were hurt in 2 separate bombings.

On July 11 2007, separatists shot dead 4 people including a government official, as the Thai premier began a 2-day visit to the region. Six days later twin bomb attacks killed one policeman and wounded 18 other people, as the Thai government formally extended a state of emergency in the region.

On 1 August 2007, a rebel ambush and bombs left 11 people dead. At the end of the month on 31 August 2007, 3 people including a state railway worker were shot dead in separate attacks in the restive Muslim-majority south.

On 15 September 2007, a roadside bomb planted by suspected separatist rebels killed one soldier and wounded 5 others in the insurgency-torn south. Two men were killed in a drive-by shooting by suspected militants in Pattani province.

On 21 November 2007, unidentified gunmen killed 4 local government employees in the same district where a prominent political party leader was campaigning. A week later a Muslim military informant was shot and crucified, while 2 Buddhist men were beheaded by suspected Islamic separatists.

On 4 December 2007, a bomb killed 6 people and injured 20 in one of the deadliest attacks of 2007. On 18 December 2007, Muslim insurgents shot and killed 4 people before beheading one victim, days before the country's first election since the coup in 2006. On 31 December 2007, a bomb attack wounded 27 people in Sungai Kolok, a tourist town where people had gathered to celebrate the New Year.

On 14 January 2008, Muslim insurgents killed 8 soldiers, and left one beheaded, in a bomb and shooting attack. The next day Muslim insurgents exploded a bomb that left at least 39 people injured in a market in Yala. On 24 January 2008, militants fatally shot a Buddhist teacher as he pulled out of his driveway to head to work.

On 4 February 2008, a bomb exploded outside an Islamic boarding school that killed one person and wounded 12. A separate bombing wounded 6 people, in the latest violence attributed to an Islamic separatist rebellion that had entered its fifth year.

On 15 March 2008, a bomb exploded in the parking lot of an upscale hotel, which killed 2 people and wounded 14 others.

On 28 May 2008, Thailand police said 3 soldiers and 4 suspected separatist rebels had been killed in a series of incidents across the far south, which included a shootout at a wedding party.

On 5 July 2008, insurgents shot up a bustling caf. They killed 3 customers and injured 4 others. In July 2008, an organization that claimed to represent groups involved in southern Thailand's Muslim insurgency announced it would end all violence in the region as of 14 July 2008. Former army commander and Defense Minister Chetta Thanajaro said the organization that made the announcement represented 11 different underground groups that operated in southern Thailand.

On 17 October 2008, a 25-year-old man was shot dead in a gunfight with security officials after the arrests of 5 other suspected militants. The next day 2 Muslim men were killed in separate drive-by shootings.

On 4 November 2008, Muslim insurgents detonated 2 bombs at a tea stall and shopping area, which killed one person and wounded at least 71.

On 5 December 2008, 4 people were killed by a bomb at a drugstore suspected to have been planted by Muslim insurgents.




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