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Peru Conflict with Colombia (1932-1933)

The years after the overthrow of President Leguia in August 1930, were characterized by great political instability in Peru. The Navy could not escape this unfortunate reality and a lifting of the crew that ended with the shooting of eight crew on the island San Lorenzo (May 1932) lived. The situation was complicated by a border conflict occur with the neighboring Republic of Colombia, whose immediate origins dated back to the government of President Leguia, during which was signed behind public opinion, a border treaty that resolved the outstanding border issues with the said country, known as Salomón-Lozano treaty.

By mid-1932, this treaty was already public, causing among the residents of the Department of Loreto total rejection, since it was considered that the diplomatic agreement was damaging the national interest to have ceded the territory of the Amazon called Trapeze. This led to a group of loretanos seize the town of Leticia, already in possession of Colombia, driving out the authorities of the neighboring country. The surprise of these facts, he thought at first the Peruvian authorities led by General Luis Sanchez Cerro, the then chairman of the Republic, which was an action brought by political opponents.

The serious international situation had provoked the protest of the Colombian government, to what Peru, decided to support their compatriots, he refused to present the excuses of the case and decided to resort to the use of the armed forces. As a precaution the government decided to mobilize the army to the north, and send a naval force to reinforce the contingent located in the Amazon.

However, the Colombians were ahead by sending an expedition under the command of General Alfredo Vasquez Cobo, composed of several armed transports, the same concentrated in Belem do Para. In response, the Peruvian Naval Command ordered cruise ship Almirante Grau and R-1 and R-2 submarines which formed the so-called Advanced Force Atlantic.

In addition to these ships, the government decided to send more reinforcements, and it was elected cruise Lima and Lieutenant Rodriguez destroyer that Villar and destroyers Admiral Admiral Guise Estonia acquired subsequently joined. This force had the mission, if military actions, to harass the Colombian Caribbean coast, stopping the Colombian maritime traffic and attract aviation in the country, easing operations in the Amazon and then penetrate into the Amazon to be unleashed posesionadas dislodge enemy forces Leticia.

While the Grau was destined to operate in the Atlantic, Bolognesi was entrusted with the task of patrolling jointly with the R-2 and R-3 submarines, in the Colombian Pacific coast. After crossing the Channel on May 4, the Peruvian naval force, made logistic scale in Curacao, day 8, then on the island Trinidad and finally arrived in Pará in Brazil the 15 of the month, staying there 10 days. During that period, given the threat posed by Peruvian naval forces, the will of the presidents of both countries as well as the efforts of friendly countries, tensions gave way, why only continued trip to Iquitos Lima and Lieutenant Rodriguez . Following completion of the mission, the remaining ships would return to Callao, and the two new destroyers undertake navigation to the Pacific in April 1934.



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Page last modified: 05-06-2016 20:46:47 ZULU