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CAR - Developments - 2019

The UN Security Council unanimously voted for the extension of the arms embargo against the Central African Republic (CAR) for a year. "The Security Council today decided to extend its sanctions regime on the Central African Republic including an arms embargo, travel ban and assets freeze until 31 January 2020, while also extending the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the Central African Republic Sanctions Committee until 29 February 2020," the release said on 31 January 2019. Under the draft resolution sponsored by France, the Security Council established benchmarks, including reforming the governments security sector, disarming and demobilizing militias, and managing weapons, that should be met by the end of April to lift the embargo.

A peace deal was made between the Central African Republic government and 14 rebel groups after their first-ever direct dialogue aimed at ending years of conflict, the United Nations and the African Union announced on 02 February 2019. "This is a great day for Central African Republic and all its people," said the AU commissioner for peace and security, Smail Chergui. The deal will "enable the Central African people to embark on a path of reconciliation, harmony and development," Chergui said, appealing to all citizens to support the agreement.

The agreement was signed at the end of a 10-day negotiation in Sudan's capital, Khartoum. As the talks began, the Norwegian Refugee Council warned of a "catastrophe" if no agreement was reached, saying repeated cycles of violence in one of the world's poorest nations had "pushed people's resistance to breaking point." The deal is a sign of hope that the impoverished, landlocked nation, where interreligious and intercommunal fighting has persisted since 2013, may come to a peaceful existence.

The parties to the African Union-brokered talks in the Sudanese capital agreed on a mixed-border security mechanism between Bangui, the armed groups and the UN mission. The CAR government and armed groups also agreed to appoint a special commission to track all crimes committed beginning in 2013. Now in justice they agreed that they will appoint a commission armed groups and government to account all the crimes which have been committed since 2013, during this crisis and they will make a report to a national commission of reconciliation, which will clarify which crime is against humanity, which crime can be a war crime, because those have to pass to the International Criminal Court. For the others it will be transitional justice. And between the work of that commission there will be no judicial action.



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