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Patriotic Front for the Renaissance in the Central African Republic (FPRC)
Front patriotique pour la Renaissance de la Centrafrique

In 2014, African Union and French forces pushed the Seleka out of Bangui and, by the end of the year, the Seleka had split into several factions, each controlling its own area. The former heads of the Seleka, Michel Djotodia and Noureddine Adam, are the leaders of this Seleka splinter group. In July 2015, a group within the FPRC split to create the Central African Patriotic Movement (Mouvement Patriotique pour la Centrafrique, MPC). While the two factions have jockeyed for power in the past, particularly around Kaga-Bandoro, they have also united when mutually beneficial. FPRC and MPC fighters have killed civilians in past attacks, including in October 2016, when they razed a camp for displaced people in Kaga-Bandoro, killing at least 37 civilians and wounding 57.

After a de facto partition between Christians in the south and Muslims in the north, hostilities between the two groups have decreased. In its place is an explosion of fratricidal fighting between different factions of the Slka, who were disbanded in 2014 and driven out of Bangui.

In Ouaka and Hautte-Kotto, the two main groups vying for control are the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC), dominated by Muslims from the Fulani ethnic group, and a coalition of rebels led by the Popular Front for the Renaissance in the Central African Republic (FPRC), dominated by Muslims from the Gula and Runga communities. The UPC and FPRC split back in 2014, after FPRC leader Noureddine Adam demanded independence for CARs predominantly Muslim north, a move rejected by UPC leader Ali Darassa.

In April 2017 violence pitted the ethnic Fulani Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC) against the Popular Front for the Renaissance in the Central African Republic (FPRC). Both groups were fighting for control of the Ouaka central province, located at the border between the mainly Muslim north and the predominantly Christian south. "Armed groups are targeting civilians for revenge killings in the central part of the country," said Lewis Mudge, a researcher at Human Rights Watch (HRW). "As factions vie for power in the Central African Republic, civilians on all sides are exposed to their deadly attacks."

By 2018 the rebels prefer to talk about federalism and autonomy. Although they control all the main roads, provide security and even levy taxes, they do not want to create the impression of cutting ties with the central government, which does not consider the north a priority. The FPRC now wants to improve its image, severely tarnished after the violence of 2013.

The rebels are literally sitting on a gold and diamond mine, the northeast being rich in natural resources. This is attracting Russian private security companies, officially invited by the central government to train army recruits. The climate is tense, but in the meantime, Abdoulaye Hissne knows very well that the weak army cannot dislodge him.

Since being routed, the rebels were divided and fragmented, but maintained their ability to cause trouble. The Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African Republic (known by its French acronym FPRC) is one of the most powerful armed groups. Abdoulaye Hissne, the FPRCs military leader, is based in the northeastern town of Ndl, but is massing his troops at the gates of Bangui.



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