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Crimea - Barrier

Russian authorities have finished building a barrier in the Perekopsky isthmus dividing the Crimean Peninsula, which Moscow forcibly seized in 2014, from mainland Ukraine. The Border Directorate of the Federal Security Service (FSB) branch in Crimea said on 28 December 2018 that construction of the "engineering and technical complexes" -- as it calls the barrier -- was complete. The Border Directorate said the 60-kilometer-long barrier was equipped with vibration sensors and a video surveillance system which includes infrared spectroscopy equipment..

The purpose of the barrier, begun in 2015, is "to prevent sabotage activities" and "attempts by criminal groups to smuggle weapons, ammunition, tobacco, alcohol, gasoline, drugs" and other items, it said. According to captain of FSBs border guard unit, Vasili Kochetkov, the fence is aimed at defending and protecting Russias southern border against reconnaissance and sabotage groups. According to the government procurement of Russia, 204 million roubles (2.5mn $2.9mn) were allocated for the fences installation.

Russia moved swiftly to seize control over Crimea after Moscow-friendly Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych was pushed from power in Kyiv by the pro-European Maidan protest movement in February 2014. President Vladimir Putin's government sent troops without insignia to the peninsula, seized key buildings, took control of the regional legislature, and staged a referendum denounced as illegitimate by at least 100 countries at the UN.

In September 2017, the press service of the Border Management informed TASS that the border control of the Federal Security Service of Russia in the Republic of Crimea will build a 50-kilometer fence at the border with Ukraine to ensure the security of the republic. Arrangement of the barrier will cost more than 200 million rubles, work is planned to be completed later this year, follows from the materials on the public procurement website. "At present, work on the engineering equipment of the Russian-Ukrainian border is being conducted in a planned manner, and the construction of 50-kilometer engineering fences in the north of Crimea is its next stage," the department said.

As reported on the state procurement website, the agency announced an auction for the supply and installation of a fence with a height of more than two meters and a length of 49.5 km in the Krasnoperekopsk district, bordering Ukraine. According to the tender documentation, the work must be completed before December 20, 2017, the maximum (initial) value of the contract is 212.88 million rubles. The warranty period for an engineering barrier and additional equipment is at least 10 years, and it is stipulated that the structures must be resistant to difficult climatic conditions (including humidity up to 98% and air temperature up to plus 65 degrees). According to the documentation, the design of the fence should provide high strength, durability and efficiency in operation.

First Vice Speaker of the Crimean Parliament Yefim Fix explained why this 60-kilometer barrier is needed. This barrier is necessary for Crimea to protect the local population from the crazy antics of the current Ukrainian government, from which everything can be expected and to warn possible provocations, RIA Novosti quoted him.

At the same time, Fix added that if provocations do not come from the Kiev authorities, they are quite possible from the Ukrainian radicals.

The basis of one of the installed and operating systems is vibrating sensors. When an intruder approaches the fence, the sensors trigger and transmit information from the linear part of the fence to the stationary equipment of the person on duty as an audible alert with a graphic display of the alarm area number. In addition, there are opportunities to determine the direction of movement of the violator of the state border, the Border Department reported.

The basis of the barrier complex consists of radio-beam sensors. When an intruder of the state border gets into the detection zone, a video camera with night vision is turned on, and video broadcasting, as well as an alarm signal, are similarly received from the linear part to the stationary equipment on duty, accompanied by an audible warning, displaying the number and video image of the terrain section.

Crimea - Barrier
"The expediency of the use and use of these security complexes on the Crimean part of the state border is caused by a number of threats, such as attempts to break through the DRG of the neighboring state to the Crimea, attempts by criminal elements to create weapons, ammunition, goods and goods, tobacco and alcohol across the border products, fuel, smuggling of narcotic drugs, potent and psychotropic substances, violation of the state border and its regime by the Ukrainian citizens for household purposes, "- said in the border department.

Preparations for the installation of a barrier barrier on the border with Ukraine in the Crimea began in 2015. In September 2017, the FSB Border Management Board announced the purchase of a 49.5 km full-height barrier for the needs of the service. From the federal budget for this was allocated 212.9 million rubles. The construction and debugging of the equipment was completed in December 2018.

Several criminal cases were connected with the installation of security systems on the border with Ukraine in Crimea. In particular, in November 2018, there were reports of the detention in the Crimea red-handed when a bribe was given to the general director and one of the employees of the Joint-stock company Scientific and Production Complex Dedal. The monetary amount in the amount of 2.5 million rubles was intended for an official of the Frontier Department of the FSB for assisting in obtaining contracts for security guard equipment at the border.

In Crimea, they repeatedly suppressed the actions of saboteurs. In mid-August 2017, the agent of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), Gennady Limeshko , was detained here . Two trotyl bombs, a grenade with a fuse, and tanks with a combustible mixture were withdrawn from him. In addition, in October and November, two gas pipeline lines were damaged in the Alushta region, and power transmission towers were damaged. The FSB opened three criminal cases on the facts of sabotage on the Crimean peninsula.

Ukrainian sabotage group of three people was detained in Sevastopol on November 9, 2016. The saboteurs turned out to be employees of the main intelligence directorate of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. They planned sabotage on the military infrastructure and livelihoods of the region. Ukrainian saboteur Dmitry Shtyblikov Sevastopol City Court sentenced to five years in prison with a punishment sentence in a penal colony.

Ukrainian Deputy Minister for Temporary Occupied Territories Yuriy Grymchak noted that the construction of a fence on the part of the occupied Crimea on the administrative border with mainland Ukraine is a "rather strange decision", since Crimea is a peninsula and there are many other approaches to it. He also said that, in his opinion, the occupation authorities are trying to "persuade the population to resolve all Crimea issues" by building fences.




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Page last modified: 16-01-2019 13:13:58 ZULU