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Military


1578-1774 Lan Na - Tributary to Burmah

Name
Reigned
1. Mangnararacho B.E. 2121-2150 (A.D. 1578-1607)
2. Phra Choi B.E. 2150-2151 (A.D. 1607-1608)
3. Phra Chaithip (Mong Koi Toh) B.E. 2151-2156 (A.D. 1608-1613)
4. Phra Choi (second time) B.E. 2156-2158 (A.D. 1613-1615)
5. Phra Chao Muang Nan B.E. 2158-2174 (A.D. 1615-1631)
6. Phaya Luang Thippanet B.E. 2174-2198 (A.D. 1631-1655)
7. Phts Saen Muang B.E. 2198-2202 (A.D. 1655-1659)
8. Chao Muang Phrae B.E. 2202-2215 (A.D. 1659-1672)
9. Uparaj Uang Sae (Ava City) B.E. 2215-2218 (A.D. 1672-1675)
10. Cheputrai (son of Chao Chekutra) B.E. 2218- ? (A.D. 1675- ?)
11. Mang Ranara B.E. 2250-2270 (A.D. 1707-1727)
12. Theppasing B.E. 2270-2270 (A.D. 1727-1727)
13. Chao Ongkham B.E. 2270-2302 (A.D. 1727-1759)
14. Chao Chan B.E. 2302-2304 (A.D. 1759-1761)
15. Chao Khi Hood (ex-monk, Wat Duangdee) B.E .2304-2306 (A.D. 1761-1763)
16. Po Abhaigamini (Po Akiagamuni) B.E. 2306-2311 (A.D. 1763-1768)
17. Po Mayunguan B.E. 2311-2317 (A.D. 1768-1774)
Between the 16th and 18th centuries Chiang Mai lacked effective leadership and lost its power to Burma and Siam (later on Thailand) interchangeably for over 200 years. About 1610 the Burmese recovered Martaban, Tavoy, and, a few years later, Tenasserim and Zimme. The Burman King shortly after this became emperor, and gave rise to the Burman empire, which continued until 1740. Zimme rebelled in 1628, but was again subdued two years later. In 1658 the Chinese attacked Ava, the capital of Burmah, but were repulsed; the Siamese were no luckier in their raid on it three years later.

Siam had a late period of exceptional prosperity under King Narai (1657-1688), who was a vast improvement over his father. During King Narai's reign, dazzling embassies were sent to Versailles and to the Netherlands. King Narai sent an army north at the end of 1660, but as it approached, Chiang Mai learned of the Chinese retreat from Burma. King Narai's armies did invade Chiang Mai in 1660 and 1661, in large part for geopolitical reasons. Narai's force continued on to take Lampang, but failed to capture Chiang Mai and withdrew early in 1661. During the course of his reign, the Manchus came to power in China. King Narai, who was ruling at Ayutthaya, seized this opportunity to send his army up to attack Chiang Mai in 1662, retaking it as a Thai possession. The Prince and most of the nobles were captured. King Narai also married a Chiang Mai princess, and their son, Sorasak, became king of Siam afterward.

In 1763 Zimme recovered its independence, but was again conquered by Burmah two years afterwards, at which time the emperor of Burmah besieged Ayuthia for two years, took and set fire to it, nearly depopulated the country, and left a Peguan as governor. But Zimme's unity was lost and its distinct national existence so materially threatened that it was well nigh destroyed by having been conquered by the Burmese, and oppressed by them, according to tradition, for about twelve years. They appealed to the Siamese for aid, and were delivered from the dominion of Burmah, but as usual in such cases, it was almost at the expense of their national existence. Most of their northern territory actually fell into the possession of the Siamese, and was ever since been incorporated with their own; while the king and the whole country defined above became tributary to the kingdom of the white elephant.




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Page last modified: 08-04-2012 18:43:13 ZULU