Taiwan Air Force - Air Defense and Artillery Command
The “Air Force Command Headquarters” absorbed the command on March 1, 2016 for overall development and utilization of the missile force and proper integration of the intermediate and long-range missile force and the short-range air defense force to enhance the coordinated air defense combat capacity of “early warning, unified command, multiple interception, and effective defense.” This is critical for precision and effective combat. On September 1, 2017, the Air Force Missile Command and the Air Force Air Defense Artillery Command were merged to form and upgrade as the Air Force Air Defense and Artillery Command.
The command was established in 1959, and reorganized as the “Army Artillery Command” in 1979, and was responsible for the air defense of the Taiwan Straits. The command was reorganized again on April 1, 2004 under the force streamlining guideline into the “Artillery Command”, and was assigned to the command of the Department of the General Staff. In phase II of the force streamlining program, this command was further reorganized on January 1, 2006 thereby the maritime and air defense units were assigned to the Navy and the Air Force with the establishment of the “Artillery Command” responsible for the buildup of the military missile defense stations.
Further adjustment was made on February 16, 2012 with the “Artillery Command” as the parent in combination with the medium and high altitude air defense ballistic systems like the ATMB, HAWK, and patriots to form the “Department of General Staff Air Defense Artillery Command”. The new command is responsible for combat, missile defense, and joint air defense.
The Air Defense Missile Command currently has three missile groups under its jurisdiction, with multiple missile battalions, including Patriot 3, Tiangong 2 and 3, Eagle missiles and other anti-aircraft missiles, and a certain number of tactical counter-missiles (ie ground-to-ground missiles). Ground missiles) and Yuji E cruise missiles, all of these missile units were transferred to the Air Force. In fact, the Feizhi Department has undergone four organizational adjustments in the past 10 years. In April 2004, the Feizhi Department was changed from the Army to the General Staff Headquarters of the Department of Defense. During Li Jie’s tenure, the General Staff Headquarters was changed to the Air Force; in February 2012, Minister Gao Huazhu was transferred from the Air Force back to the Staff Headquarters. This time, Minister Feng Shikuan led the transfer to the Air Force. This is the fourth organizational change. The missile force is a very professional force. It is easy to lose the talents of officers when it moves around. Now it is transferred to the Air Force. It is conceivable that some people who do not have a missile specialty occupy important positions. Fan Dawei pointed out that after the reorganization of various anti-aircraft and missile group-level units, through intertwined experiences, middle and high-level management cadres will be added to experience different positions and be familiar with weapon systems and army management. In response to media reports that "Patriot III missile re-testing has not been approved by the Ministry of National Defense," the Air Force Command solemnly stated 20 July 2020 that after a thorough review of the Air Defense and Missile Command Headquarters, it failed to comply with the "National Army" According to the “Annual Operation Maintenance Fee Compilation Operation Outline Plan”, it is necessary to apply for the purchase of replacement parts for the end of life to the United States. This violates the operating procedures and causes negligence.
The Air Force Command emphasized that in response to related negligence, it has reviewed the punishment of personnel such as the head of the command and the air defense and missile commander. The Headquarters will follow the National Army’s annual operating maintenance fee and list it year by year based on actual needs. The price will be signed after the Legislative Yuan has reviewed and approved it.