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Military


Air Defense Equipment

Overview

System Source Bases Batteries
1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2021 2025 2030
TOTAL
Patriot PAC-3USA
  • central
  • south
  • south
  • -- -- -- -- -- -- 9 -- -- -- --
    Patriot PAC-2USA
  • Linkou
  • Nankang
  • Wanli
  • -- -- -- 3 3 3 -- -- -- -- --
    Sky Bow II -- -- -- -- ? ? -- -- -- --
    Sky Bow I
  • Kaohsiung
  • Linyuan
  • Penghu
  • Sanchih
  • Taichung AB
  • Tungyin [Matsu]
  • -- -- -- 6 6 6 6 -- -- -- --
    HAWKUSA
  • 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 -- -- -- --
    Chaparral USA
  • Matsu
  • Taiping Island [Spratly]
  • -- -- -- --
    Stinger USA
  • ? ? ? +(?) +(?) +(?) +(?) -- -- -- --
    Avenger USA
  • ? ? ? 47(?) 47(?) 47(?) 47(?) -- -- -- --


    Taiwan’s air defense capability exists to counter a range of threats from China including ballistic and cruise missiles, third- and fourth-generation fighters, and helicopters. In recent years, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army has increased the quantity and sophistication of its ballistic and cruise missiles and fighter aircraft opposite Taiwan, which has diminished Taiwan’s ability to deny PRC efforts to attain air superiority in a conflict.

    Taiwan as positioned the bulk of its early warning, air, and air defense assets on the western side of the island nearest the Taiwan Strait to challenge any threat from the mainland. Although Taiwan has some domestically produced fighter aircraft and surface-to-air missile ( SAM) batteries, the Taiwan authorities have purchased the majority of their air and air defense infrastructure from the United States and, to a lesser extent, other foreign suppliers.

    Central to Taiwan’s SAM network are the area air defense systems, which include the long-range U.S.-produced Patriot PAC-2 Modified Air Defense System (MADS), the long-range Taiwan-produced Tien Kung-I (TK-I) and Tien Kung II (TK-II), and medium-range U.S.-produced Improved Homing All-the-Way Killer (I- HAWK). In addition to providing protection for key strategic installations, Taiwan positions several of these systems on outer islands to provide coverage along key air avenues of approach from the mainland.

    • TK-I: Batteries are in Keelung, Kaoshiung, Penghu, Tungyin, Lungtan, and Sanchih. Taiwan has both fixed and mobile variants of the TK-I launcher. The missile has a 120 km engagement range.
    • TK-II: Batteries are in Sanchih, Tungyin, Penghu, and Lungtan. The TK-II is launched from mobile launchers, and has a 300 km engagement range. Taiwan intends to replace some I-Hawk batteries with TK-II systems beginning in 2010.
    • Patriot PAC-2 MADS: Taiwan has three Patriot PAC-2 batteries around Taipei.
    • I-HAWK: A mainstay of Taiwan’s SAM network is the I- HAWK medium-range SAM, which is used to fill-in long-range SAM coverage gaps and protect several of its key military installations. Taiwan has 13 I- HAWK batteries.

     
    Page last modified: 06-10-2021 12:14:56 Zulu