Kalinin Machine Building Plant JSC (KMZ)
aka Mashzavod imeni Kalinin
aka Kalinin Machine Plant JSC
aka Kalinin Machine-building Plant Open Joint-stock Company
aka Kalinin Machinery Plant-brd
aka Mashinostroitel'nyi Zavod Im. M.I. Kalinina, G. Yekaterinburg OAO
aka MZiK OAO
aka Open-end Joint-stock Company 'kalinin Machinery Plant. Yekaterinburg'
aka Otkrytoe Aktsionernoe Obshchestvo Mashinostroitelny Zavod Im.m.i.kalinina, G.Ekaterinburg)
aka Yekaterinburg Machine-Building Plant
aka Yekterinburg United Enterprises
aka Plant number 8
Machine-Building Plant named after M.I.Kalinin started its history in 1866, from the gun workshops in St-Petersburg, that consequently had grown into the state-governed plant producing artillery guns for infantry, and later for anti-air defense. In 1918 it was evacuated to Moscow suburb, and in 1941 - to Sverdlovsk. Since the late 1950s it has been specialised in production of launchers for anti-air missiles. The company produces air defence missile complexes and systems, including separate combat units and components, namely, missiles and launchers. The S-300V air defense missile system is represented by both types of launchers, the 9A83-1 and 9A82, together with both types of missiles, the 9M82 and 9M83. Middle-range air defense facilities are represented by the modernized "BUK-M1" air defence missile complex which capabilities allow destroying land and sea-surface targets as well. In 1994 the plant was reorganized into a joint-stock company. Initiated by the plant, the target program of designing and production of new items - new diesel and electric forklift trucks, electric trolleys etc., - was launched and supported by the Russian Government.
Mashzavod imeni Kalinin / Kalinin Machine-Building Plant, one of the key enterprises in the Middle Urals, makes a significant contribution to the country's defense. One of the largest defense enterprises in the central Urals, the Kalinin Machine-Building Plant produces missiles, missile launchers, and related military systems. The Novator Experimental Design Bureau is co-located with the Machine-Building Plant. OJSC “Plant named after M.I. Kalinin” is the oldest enterprise in the industry, founded in 1869 as the Vasilyevsky branch of the St. Petersburg Cartridge Plant.
OJSC Kalinin Machine-Building Plant OJSC is located in Yekaterinburg. JSC “Machine-Building Plant named after M. I. Kalinin ” ( MZIK , ZIK ) is a Soviet / Russian industrial enterprise that manufactures military equipment. The majority shareholder is OJSC Concern PVO Almaz-Antey. The main type of production activity of the enterprise is the production of weapons and ammunition. The main products of the military theme of the machine-building plant are the production of components of anti-aircraft missile systems, in particular, the S-300. Civil subjects of the enterprise are connected with the production of a wide range of loading and utility equipment.
Mikhail Kalinin, in whose honor the plant was named, from 1919 to 1938 was chairman of the All-Russian CEC, and since 1938 - chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, in fact, the first person in the country. The citizens of the USSR in those years were made to write letters to Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin with various requests for help - with dispossession, unjust arrest, entering a military school or difficulties in finding employment. Often Kalinin personally or through his secretariat provided the necessary assistance to those who wrote to him.
This Kalinin plant should not be confused with Plant imeni M.I.Kalinina (now PJSC "Inkar") founded in 1940, when the company assembled the first production carburetor AK-25-4DF for aircraft engines ASh-62 and ASh-63 designed by A.D.Shvetsov. Since its founding, the Perm plant has become a leading enterprise for the production of fuel and control equipment. During the Great Patriotic War, it was the only plant in the country that produced carburetors for all types of aircraft and heavy tanks. In October 1947, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, plant No. 33 was given the name of M.I. Kalinin. This memorable event occurred at the request of the employees of the enterprise. Gaining a name of its own, along with great industrial success, helped the factory workers to feel their own growing strength, gave them the necessary inspiration for future victories. The plant was named M.I.Kalinin until 1992, when it was renamed to Inkar OJSC.
PJSC "MI Kalinin Machine-Building Plant, Yekaterinburg" has its history since 1866, when in St. Petersburg, by decree of Emperor Alexander II, a gun workshop was founded, where bronze cannons were made, which later took part in the Balkan war. Then the plant was later transformed into a state-owned plant for first field production, and then and anti-aircraft artillery. In 1914 the plant got the name Petrogradsky, and was engaged in the production large-caliber and anti-aircraft artillery. In 1919 the plant was evacuated to the Moscow region, in the town of Podlipki. After the revolution, the enterprise was called State Plant No. 1, and then in 1922 it was named in honor of M.I.Kalinin, who worked here in 1906-1907 and 1917. In 1928 the plant received the name Plant No. 8 named after MI. Kalinin. In 1930 medium-sized artillery guns were developed.
In the 1930s, the Kalinin plant produced 12 times more guns than all the other defense plants of the USSR combined. In 1939 the 85-mm cannon was developed, for the creation of which the plant received the Order of VI. Lenin. In October 1941, the plant was evacuated to Sverdlovsk (now Ekaterinburg), in December 1941, the first cannons manufactured at the plant went to the front. During the war years, the plant produced more than 20,000 guns, completing the production of barreled artillery with a 152-mm anti-aircraft gun KM-52. For the contribution of the plant to ensuring the defeat of the Nazi troops, the plant was awarded the Orders of the Red Banner of Labor (in 1941) and World War I degree (in 1945)
In 1957 the plant ceased to produce barreled artillery and proceeds to the production of anti-aircraft guided missiles. In 1960 an American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft was shot down with a 13 D missile manufactured at Plant No. 8. Since the late 1950s it specialized in the production of anti-aircraft guided missiles for air defense, and later launchers.
Since 1956, the plant began to manufacture civilian products - electric loaders. In the former USSR, the plant was a monopolist for the production of compact monochromatic loaders and produced up to 7,000 electric loaders per year. The use of dual technologies provided these loaders in the country with a fairly high level of quality and reliability.
In 1994, the plant was transformed into an open joint stock company. The target conversion program for the creation and production of new types of electric and diesel forklifts with a carrying capacity of up to 3.5 tons, and electric trucks with a loading capacity of 2 tons has been developed, approved and successfully implemented. The plant has all types of engineering production: black and non-ferrous castings, die-casting, bulk sheet stamping, various types of welding, heat treatment, various types of electroplating and paintwork. Tool production and laboratory facilities allow you to quickly create and develop modern types of machines with high technical and operational characteristics.
The state-owned OAO Kalinin Plant received a number of large orders from the Corporation MIT OJSC and the Concern Sozvezdie OJSC under the subcontract as part of the state defense order (GOZ). In 2013 the plant planned to receive up to 1 billion rubles, which will allow it to almost double the revenue. “Starting next year, we will begin to carry out a large amount of work on Yars (intercontinental ballistic missile RS-24 Yars). Now we are preparing for production, we will do radio electronics,” says the company's general director Nikolay Mashkin. Three years earlier, the state-owned plant was on the verge of bankruptcy, owing creditors 250 million rubles. One of them - Petroaerobank (the former VEFK structure of Alexander Gitelson) in 2010 filed with the Arbitration Court of St. Petersburg and Leningrad Region a statement about the bankruptcy of the plant, which was supposed to have a bank 20 million rubles.
At that point, the company changed management. New managers managed to get a large state defense order and begin a large-scale modernization of production at a cost of, according to preliminary estimates, about 2 billion rubles. The company plans to build a new building at the second site in the village of Nikolskoye (near Kolpino) until 2020, and purchase modern equipment. “We will transport part of the equipment to a second site, for example, a unique anechoic room needed for testing,” explains the head of the company. The company planned to receive part of the funds for modernization from the federal budget under federal targeted programs (about 500 million rubles). Moreover, the head of state Vladimir Putin ordered not to spare funds for the renewal of the production assets of the Russian defense industry.
On September 12, 2014, the Director of OFAC, in consultation with the US Department of State, determined that the list included Kalinin Machine Building Plant JSC (KMZ) was among five entities meeting one or more of the criteria set forth in E.O. 13661. All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person (including any foreign branch) are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in. On October 27, 2017, pursuant to the authority in Section 231(d) of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017 (Pub. L. 115-44), the US Secretary of State issued guidance to specify the following as persons that are part of, or operate for or on behalf of, the defense and intelligence sectors of the Government of the Russian Federation. This list included Kalinin Machine Building Plant JSC (KMZ). As of January 2018, these companies were banned from making major transactions with western companies. The list was issued under the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) which was adopted a few months earlier. The list included both parent companies and their subsidiaries. For example, the listed Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defense Corporation JSC (air defense systems and cruise missiles) is the parent company of the Novator Experimental Design Bureau, and Kalinin Machine Building Plant JSC.
Ekaterinburg Machine-Building Plant. Kalinina ”entered the list of the 50 largest technology companies in Russia according to the RBC magazine. The company took the 13th place. Technological enterprises that develop and produce complex mechanisms, electronics, medical preparations, or software code are on the top list, and this activity brings them half the revenue. RBC experts evaluated the average annual figures of the company's revenue from 2010 to 2014, profitability, and diversification, that is, the number of market segments in which the company’s products are present. As indicated in the research materials, the revenue of the Kalinin plant in 2014 amounted to 27.8 billion rubles. The average net profit margin is 12%. Note, "Engineering Plant named after MI. Kalinina "is the executor of the state defense order, and also produces civilian products. In total, 1357 companies engaged in the development and production of unique technological products were selected in the rating. The authors of the study used data from “SPARK-Interfax” and data from the companies themselves.
By 2015, money was needed to upgrade the machine park. Anyone can buy shares, although experts agree that the bulk of the securities will be purchased by the parent company, which is ready to invest in the development of its plants. Without such support, according to observers, the company faces serious financial difficulties, even despite deep contracting. At MZiKe hangs solid payables, the maintenance of which requires enormous resources. The plant has to rent out part of its production facilities.
According to the constituent documents, the authorized capital of the JSC consists of 18,684,375 ordinary and preferred shares with a par value of 25 rubles. Currently, the main shareholder is the state-owned JSC Concern PVO Almaz-Antey (100% of the shares are on the balance of the Federal Property Management Agency). Air Defense Concern owns 57.27% of the authorized capital of the Yekaterinburg defense plant. About 9.5% of the shares is owned by Malik Gaisin through the controlled LLC Vagran. The remaining shares are owned by small law firms and individuals, including Nikolay Klein, General Director of the Ministry of Health and Crafts, and a number of other top managers of the plant.
The company, unlike many Ural factories, showed quite good financial results, which look quite attractive for investing funds. At the same time, the plant shows a positive trend in revenues. According to the results of January-September 2015, MZiK increased its revenues almost 13 times, net profit exceeded 4 billion rubles. This indicator is comparable to the general results of work in 2014, although the year was considered a success for the plant. The company pays dividends to shareholders.
At the beginning of 2014, sanctions against Almaz-Antey and all its subsidiaries introduced European Union sanctions, and by the Canadian restrictions . In the EU, they were confident that these enterprises support the policy of the Russian authorities and directly benefit from the representatives of the Russian Federation, who are responsible for “destabilizing the situation in the east of Ukraine and illegal accession of the Crimea”. Restrictive measures for the defense factories of the concern have not been removed to this day. The financial position of the plant is very strong. The order book is high and painted for years to come. Sanctions did not significantly affect the enterprise, since the main customers are not among the countries that have imposed restrictions. The only thing where there may be difficulties is the renewal of fixed assets, as a number of machines will have to be purchased from new suppliers.
Shareholders of PJSC Machine-Building Plant. Kalinina ”, including the main owner of the Air Defense Concern Almaz-Antey, refused the preemptive right to repurchase additional shares of the company, leaving about 50 thousand additional shares unclaimed. After the sale of this package, the new owner can get about 7% of the defense plant, which is engaged in the production of the main parts of anti-aircraft missile systems. Experts call the current situation an unexpected one - previously market participants considered Almaz-Antey the main buyer. It is noteworthy that MZiK expects to place another additional issue, which will cost shareholders much more expensive, the price of placing shares will increase from 12.6 thousand rubles per share to more than 20 thousand rubles.
The equipment is for Russian conditions. The lifting and transport equipment of the brand ZiK was developed in Russia. Specialists of the company are well aware of the real conditions in which the technology is to work. Severe weather conditions, service life, sometimes by a decade longer than the factory-established resource, the inability to carry out planned repair and maintenance work. The reality with which ZiK is well acquainted and which it takes into account when developing products. ZiK supplies equipment suitable for work in real Russian conditions. And Finished products undergo internal factory testing. When developing EP-UZKO - the last modification of one of the most common loaders in Russia, experience of its operation by hundreds of domestic enterprises was taken into account.
Serial production of loaders began in 1956. Over these years, over 80 thousand pieces of equipment have been produced. Vast experience, constant analysis of the comments and wishes of users allowed to carefully work out the design. Technique is constantly being improved, there are new modifications, taking into account many years of experience in operating in a variety of conditions. Quality control Lifting equipment is not the only product of the company.
As part of the fulfillment of military orders, ZiK produces the S-3OOV, an unparalleled anti-missile defense system in the world, combat assets for the Ministry of Defense. The production of defense products imposes strict requirements on the quality that ZiK follows in the production of civilian products. Before entering the assembly, components and assemblies are checked on special test benches. The design of the equipment allows service it by the users themselves, does not require the mandatory involvement of the manufacturer’s specialists or its service centers. In addition, a factory warranty is provided, which is provided by the manufacturer and its dealers. Domestic components Technique is made on the basis of domestic components, which significantly reduces operating costs, simplifies repair and maintenance.
At present, the plant produces electric loaders with a carrying capacity of up to 2 tons, electric platform trucks with a carrying capacity of 2 tons. The weight of loaders, as a rule, is 80-250 kg less than foreign analogues of the same capacity, due to the better layout of the units, mechanisms and counterweight on the chassis. This quality allows more confident use of loaders in the premises, for example, in railway cars, with a regulated load on the floors. In addition, less weight reduces battery power consumption.
The plant produced serially labeling machines for bottle design with labels, counter labels, ring tags and excise stamps for bottling vodka, beer, wine and other beverages with a capacity of up to 15.6 thousand bottles per hour. Since 1995, the plant has produced a stone-cutting bar machine for the extraction of blocks of rock in open mines. The design of its own design takes into account all the proposals of the miners, to extend the service life provides for forced lubrication of the nodes.
Since 2005, the MK-1500 vacuum sweeper has been put into production. It is intended for mechanized cleaning of courtyards, sidewalks and other narrow places from debris, dust and dirt. The design allows the machine to be equipped with interchangeable tools for working in winter conditions.
Plant named after MI Kalinina at all stages of its activity was distinguished by a high production culture and the use of advanced methods of rational organization of work. Continuous improvement of production processes has been and remains a priority for the development of the company.
Traditions are passed down from generation to generation. The work experience of some families is equal to the age of the plant. Marina Andreeva and her daughter Anna are now working in the same department as the chief designer. Marina Andreeva, an employee of the Machine-Building Plant. M.I. Kalinina: “I have been working at this enterprise for 35 years, starting in 1981. And it was the third generation in our dynasty, and our children have already come in the fourth generation. ” Anna Gorshkova, an employee of the Machine-Building Plant. M.I. Kalinina: “I was seduced by the fact that the enterprise is very large, very reliable, very successful and competitive. You come to the enterprise, they already give you some guarantees. ”
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