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TU-142 BEAR

Thee Tu-142 is a Soviet and Russian long-range anti-submarine aircraft. It is used for long-range ocean reconnaissance, search and tracking of enemy submarines and aircraft carrier formations. From 1968 to 1994, about 100 Tu-142 aircraft of various modifications were manufactured in Taganrog. The Tu-142, a large land-based anti-submarine aircraft, created on the basis of Tu-95 strategic bomber, was mastered and produced in different modifications at the Taganrog Aviation Plant since 1973. Various versions of TU-95 were in operation substantially up to the beginning of the 90s subjected to a number of serious modifications and modernization regarding engines, set of weapon and equipment. For example, in the 1970s-80s on the basis of serial TU-95KM TU-95K-22 - Kh-22M missile-carriers were built.

By way of deep modernization of TU-95KM in the end of the 1960s long-range anti-submarine a/c TU-142 was produced. Further on the basis of its modification strategic missile-carrier TU-95MC carrying cruise long-range missiles Kh-55 and Kh-55CM was built. TU-95MC aircraft to-day is one of the most important part of Russian nuclear forces. Tu-142 was delivered to the Republic of India in 1987-1989. Production of Tu-142 aircraft ended in 1992.

Mobile coastal and aviation VLF stations are intended for relaying orders for using weapons under combat conditions when there is a great possibility that the enemy has taken stationary transmitters out of service. To do this, the USSR created the TU-142 RTs airplane, which went into military service in 1985. The length of the transmitting antenna of this airplane reaches several kilometers. During threatening periods communication aircraft carry out "buzzing" in the regions where SSBNs are patrolling. At the end of 1992 there were 13 TU-142 RTs aircraft in Russia, seven of which were stationed in the Pacific Ocean Fleet and six in the Northern Fleet.

TU-142M

Back in 1969 when the factory were tested first Tu-142, OKB-156 has prepared a draft of the new TU-142M from PPP Korshun, which, in addition to a review of radar were to include thermal imaging equipment Penguin, towed magnetometer Wisla-2 , infrared direction finder, and improved gas analyzer system navigation SGP-142M, which provides automatic flight when searching for submarines. The base was selected aircraft for long by 2 meters with an old cabin and dvenadtsatikolesnym chassis. At that time, a new set of equipment to bring to the required degree of readiness is not managed and therefore in mass production have continued to produce Tu-142 with Berkut.By 1974, work on the new range of advanced, and it is the symbol Korshun-K, but with several other staff members of the subsystems has been proposed for installation on the Tu-142. First built in the Taganrog factory flight number 4243 (the first flight of 4 Nov., 1975, the crew headed by the test pilot IK Vedernikov) has already been equipped with the new complex. In 1975 he produced the machine number 4244 and number 4264. These first three planes was a new set is being tested until 1980, and in November 1980, the new facility was adopted on arms.

Outwardly, Tu-142 with PPP Korshun-K (the code of NATO - Bear-F Mod 3) differed from the earlier Tu-142 ( VPM) availability on top of the keel magnetometer Ladoga. The aircraft also set modernized SPC-142M, provides automatic piloting mode operations side, the new equipment, improved REP, new types of RSL. . Tu-142 with a set of Korshun-K has received the designation in the industry Tu 142MK (product VPMK), but in parts of aviation Navy aircraft operated under the designation Tu-142M.

In 1986, eight Tu-142M under the designation Tu-142ME (TU-142MK-E) were set in India, which operated until the present time. From the original aircraft, these machines differ only a few changes in the composition of the equipment.

Tu-142MP

The developers have continued works on the TU-142 complexes. In the experimental example prepared Tu-142MP to test a new system of anti-weapons Atlantis, but sepiya MK at the time it had no customers, and more did not get.

Tu-142MR Eagle

Since 1977, part of the series TU-142M project OKB-49, AK Konstantinov and the forces of Taganrog Antonov GM Beriev (TANTK) converted and delivered in aviation naval variant aircraft transponder to provide long distance communication with submarines that are underwater position. The first flight of TU-142MR (NATO code - Bear-J) was held in Taganrog, in July 1977.

Tu-142MS

In connection with the American B-52 in the early 1970s at IBC Rainbow, under the leadership of chief designer IS Seleznyov started to create small-ship cruise missiles, strategic aircraft RKV-500A (X-55). As a carrier of new weapons was offered a modernized version of Tu-142M aircraft, designated Tu-142MS (in the formation of this complex has a significant contribution to scientists TsAGI). Initially, Tu-142MS considered as an alternative to more complex and costly multi-bomber Tu-160 is also equipped with the CD. Later it was decided to continue work on the program in parallel.

Originally fitted with two aircraft pylons, each of which was to hold six-CD in the multiposition drum IP. However, the difficulty of ensuring an acceptable alignment, as well as a large amount of improvements made to the designers only one gruzootsekom to six missiles, and additional links of pillars. Alteration of serial Tu-142M in the Tu-95M variant-55, intended for the development of the new CD, was launched in July 1977 and was completed within a year. 31 July, 1978 modernized aircraft first flight. In the future, it is actively used to test the CD.

Tu-95MS

In the II quarter of 1978 at the MMZ experience (so was called OKB Tupolev) have begun the conversion of another serial Tu-142M in a full-fledged missile, equipped with a full complement of equipment and weapons. During the finalization of altered cabin crew installed a new radar station in gruzootseke put one IP ISU-6-5. The total length of the fuselage fell. In connection with the change of destination on board the plane to install new equipment, have introduced a new communications system and a set of EW. Engines NC-12MB replaced at the NK-12MP with improved performance and a new drive under the powerful alternator. The crew of the aircraft fell to seven people (captain, his assistant, navigator, and the second pilot, flight engineer, airborne communications systems operator and stern arrows).

The aircraft, designated Tu-95MS, made its first flight in September 1979. After a large amount of testing and dovodok in 1981, a new missile launched in a series on the Taganrog Aviation Plant. In 1983, the production of Tu-95MS (NATO code - Bear-H) was translated in Kuybyshev.

TU-142MZ

In order to improve the efficiency of complex Tu-142M with PPP Korshun-K Search, and low noise detection of nuclear submarines in the mid 80-ies OKB conducted further modernization of the complex. At the Tu-142M were introduced improved PPP Korshun-H and the new system radio-acoustic system Region. In addition to the modernization of search and anti-system, the Tu-142MZ conducted to further improve the efficacy of REP, and also changed the composition of aircraft equipment. The power plant was transferred to a new modification of engines NK-12MP, fodder cannonade installation - on Spark GS-23, taken together with the target station with the Tu-22M2 (the last series of Tu-142M is also produced with the NK-12MP and GSH-23). In addition, the aircraft was re-designed cockpit, an improved system of refueling in the air. Some variants of this aircraft modifications have increased the size of the compartment hatches weapons.

The first aircraft upgraded under the new facility began to take flight and engineering tests in 1985, the state tests set out at the end of 1987. During the tests, the aircraft has worked on advanced nuclear submarines in Northern and Pacific fleets, and showed greatly increased the efficiency of their detection. Soon, a serial plant in Taganrog moved to issue a new set, Tu-142MZ (NATO code - Bear-F Mod 4) began arriving in the aviation Navy. The modernized weapons complex was officially adopted in 1993. Tu-142MZ became the latest in a series of antisubmarine systems established on the basis of Tu-142.

At the aircraft factory in Taganrog, the scheduled repair of the long-range Tu-142MZ anti-submarine aircraft was completed in January 2020. Car with tail number 53 started test flights. "After the completion of the tests Tu-142MZ will be given of the Navy Naval Aviation", - reported the press service of the United Aircraft Corporation. In contrast to previous versions, the repaired "submarine hunter" is equipped with a more effective radio-acoustic system and a complex of electronic countermeasures. Despite the venerable age, the Tu-142 remains a formidable weapon. In August 2019, a pair of long-range anti-submarine aircraft raided neutral waters along the northern coast of the Aleutian Islands and the western edge of Alaska and Canada. In the air, Pacific Fleet naval aircraft spent 13 hours.




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Page last modified: 23-01-2020 17:46:37 ZULU