Su-24 FENCER (SUKHOI)
Serial production of the Su-24 continued until 1983, after which the plant completely switched to release new versions of the Su-24, which the government decree of 22 June 1983 was adopted under the designation Su-24M. According to experts, the combat effectiveness of the Su-24M, compared with the Su-24 rose 1.5 to 2 times. Serial production of the Su-24M continued until 1993.
In 1986 it was decided to develop a special export version of the Su-24M, which received the designation Su-24MK. From the base of the aircraft export version differed reformulated equipment avionics and weapons. The first pre-production Su-24MK aircraft was assembled at the plant in Novosibirsk on the basis of the Su-24 in the spring of 1987. The first flight was made on it May 30, 1987. The serial production of the aircraft was deployed a year later. In 1988-1992 Su-24MK planes were exported to Algeria, Libya, Iran, Iraq and Syria.
Since the beginning of the 1970s Sukhoi was working on the creation of on the basis of the Su-24-specific modifications - the Su-24MR reconnaissance and jammer Su-24MP. Production of the Su-24MP was limited release of just 10 aircraft, the first production aircraft was raised in the air at the plant in Novosibirsk, April 7, 1983. The first production Su-24MR was flight tested in Novosibirsk, April 13, 1983. The serial production of the aircraft was carried out from 1983 to 1993, the machines were delivered in the separate reconnaissance regiments.
Later production marks may have different engines, POS R-29Bs @11500Kg.
- Su-24 Fencer-A Early production strike variant w/ squared off aft fuselage
- Su-24 Fencer-B Su-24 from block 15, has rounded fuselage
- Su-24 Fencer-C Su-24 from block 24, has changes in EW equipment
- Su-24M Fencer-D Improved strike variant, can be inflight refueled and has longer nose
- Su-24MK Fencer-D Export Su-24M
- Su-24MR Fencer-E Recce Su-24M variant for navy; can also carry antiship weapons.
- Su-24MP Fencer-F EW Su-24M
Su-24 Fencer A
A decree of the government of 4th February 1975 included the T-6 plane in the Armed Forces inventory under the designation of Su-24, at the same time authorising development of upgraded versions to improve its combat capabilities. Series production of the T-6 (Su-24) was started in 1971 by pooling the resources of two aircraft plants: The Far Eastern factory named after Yury Gagarin at Komsomolsk-on-Amur (director - V.Ye. Kopylov) and the Novosibirsk plant named after V.P. Chkalov (director - G.A. Vanag). The Komsomolsk-on-Amur plant assembled the fuselage tail units, fins and wing panels, and the Novosibirsk facility made the nose and mid- sections of the fuselage together with the centre wing section, and carried out the final assembly.
The first series production plane took off the ground in Novosibirsk on 31st December 1971, flown by the factory's leading test pilot, V.T. Vylomov. Deliveries to the Air Forces started in 1973, with the first production aircraft assigned to the 4th airborne personnel combat training and transition training centre (APCT&TTC) of the Air Forces (town of Voronezh), with the 3rd bomber regiment stationed at the Chernyakhovsk aerodrome (Baltic MD) becoming the first combat unit to be equipped with the Su-24. Service testing of the Su-24 was conducted in two stages: Stage 1, from May 1975 through August 1976, used the resources of the 3rd bomber regiment, Stage 2, from January 1981 through March 1982, those of the bomber regiment of the Transcaucasian MD. Production of the Su-24 continued till 1983; later the plant was converted to make new versions.
Su-24M Fencer B
The Design Bureau started development work to upgrade the baseline plane as early as at the beginning of the 1970s, with a pilot project to retrofit it with flight refuelling capability developed as early as 1971. Later on, the modernisation effort focused on improving the combat capabilities by installing new attack equipment and expanding the weapons array by adding laser and TV guided weapons: guided missiles (Kh-25, Kh-29L/T, Kh-58 and R-60) and 500 and 1,500kg guided bombs. The Design Bureau in 1973 produced a conceptual design to equip the T-6 with the Kaira TV-optical quantum system and Tekon track and search system (in pod) for Kh-59/Kh-59M missiles with TV target seekers.
The new version differed from the original design in having an elongated nose section to the fuselage. The Design Bureau designated the work under code name T-6M. There were several prototype planes built on the Su-24 platform to try out the design of individual items of equipment. The aerodynamics prototype T6M-8 made its maiden flight on 29th June 1977, and the first of the two pre-production planes made its first flight at the plant in Novosibirsk on 17th December 1977 with the plant's test crew, pilot V.T. Vylomov and navigator A.N. Kosarev, at the controls. The official testing of the new version took place from December 1976 through May 1981. A decree of the government of 22th June 1983 put the plane into service under the name Su-24M. According to experts, the combat effectiveness of the Su-24M was 1.5-2 higher than that of the Su-24.
The first series production Su-24M was flight tested on 20th June 1979 by the factory's test pilot V.T. Vylomov and test navigator G.V. Gridusov. Production of the Su-24M was set up in Novosibirsk, with the same work division of tasks as before with the Komsomolsk-on-Amur plant. Later on, due to the high workload of the Gagarin plant connected with the setting up of production of the Su-27, an order of the ministry released it from the obligation to deliver assemblies for the Su-24 starting in 1980. From then on, the production of all the assemblies in question was set up in Novosibirsk. The first series Su-24Ms were delivered to the USSR Air Forces in June 1981, the pilots of the 4th CEC (Voronezh) being the first to fly them. Service testing of the plane was conducted in 1985-86. The Su-24M was in production till 1993.
Su-24MK export version
In 1986, it was decided to produce a special export version of the Su-24M. The first pre-production plane T-6MK (Su-24MK) was assembled at the Novosibirsk plant on the platform of the Su-24 in spring 1987, its first flight performed on 30th May 1987 by the plant's test crew pilot Ye.N. Rudakas and navigator V.V. Rudakov. The export version differed from the baseline model in the avionics and weapon systems configuration. Production of the plane was launched a year later, with the first series Su-24MK flight tested on 17th May 1988. Between 1988 and 1992, the Su-24MK was exported to Algeria, Libya, Iran, Iraq and Syria.
Su-24MP Fencer-C ECM Aircraft
Work to produce Su-24-based special-purpose variants such as reconnaissance (designation T-58MR) and electronic countermeasures aircraft (designation T-58MP) got under way in the early 1970s. On the basis of the Su-24M in 1976 it started designing specialized modification of aircraft - the Su-24MP (jammer). Prototype designs were completed in 1973; later on, from 1976, work on both versions was restarted, but the new variant of the plane, the T-6M, was used as the platform.
As the prototypes used T6M T6M-25 and-35, which after improvements became known T6MP T6MP-25 and-35. The first flight of this modification of the aircraft took place in December 1979. In 1986, committees of the Air Forces reviewed both versions of the plane, with conversion of series T-6Ms into prototypes (designated T-6MR and T-6MP) entering a completion stage at the Novosibirsk plant.
The first to undergo flight testing was the prototype of the countermeasures aircraft: on 14th March, the design bureau's test pilot A.S. Komarov took T6MP-25 off the ground; on 25th July 1980, the design bureau's test pilot A.A. Ivanov followed with the T6MR-26, the first prototype of the reconnaissance aircraft. The official testing of both variants was conducted at the same time and completed at the same time - in November 1982. The production run of the Su-24MP was 10 units only, with the first series plane taken into the air at the Novosibirsk plant on 7th April 1983 by the crew of commander I.Ya. Sushko and navigator V.Ya. Glinchikov.
The new jammer replaced the Yak-28PP, compared with which the Su-24MP has not only a higher tactical flight characteristics, but also significantly greater opportunities for electronic suppression of enemy. Su-24MP looks different from the original bomber presence of a small radio transparent fairing under the nose of the fuselage. The station, which creates active interference enemy radar, located in a pod under the fuselage. Jammers is not intended for action against ground targets. Armament consists of a built-in sextuple gun and 2-4 homing missiles air combat such as R-60 or R-60M.
Su-24MR Fencer-E Reconnaissance
In 1978, the Design Bureau started the modification of the Su-24M in specialized tactical reconnaissance Su-24MR. Su-24MR reconnaissance is designed for the benefit of Army Command and tactical aviation, and maritime sectors - navy. The aircraft provides a comprehensive aerial surveillance day and night in all weather conditions, at a depth of up to 400 kilometers from the front line with the strong opposition of the enemy air defense systems.
Equipped with on-board intelligence complex BCR-1, provides a high probability of detection and recognition of military facilities, including masked and false. The system includes a means of radar, infrared, television, laser, radio and radiation reconnaissance, photographic panorama and perspective for shooting. Management of these funds can be carried out automatically or manually. Su-24MR is unique among foreign tactical intelligence produced by the intelligence complex.
The nose of the aircraft under a radome mounted side-looking radar "bayonet". At the bottom of the fuselage with windows for panoramic AFA AP-402M (in the bow), prospective AFA A-100 (for the cockpit) and IR system (in the central part of the fuselage). A number of additional antennas support special equipment.
Laser equipment, electronic and radiation reconnaissance Su-24MR carries pods. Depending on the flight mission can be mounted under the fuselage container laser razvedapparaturoy "Spire-2M" or container with electronic intelligence equipment "Pitch" under the right wing - small container with radiation detection equipment "Ether-1M". At the same time on the pylon under the left console mounted two missiles homing air-to-air "melee P-60 or P-60M. Processing and analysis of intelligence on board the Su-24MR is not carried out. Manifested photographic material is discharged from the aircraft, and other intelligence quickly transmitted to the ground deciphering complex broadband and narrowband radio channels.
In connection with the installation of various intelligence systems dismantled weapons control equipment, so the role of attack aircraft Su-24MR is not available. Outside sub-plumb intelligence apparatus limited and maximum flight speed of up to 1200 km / h (at an altitude of 200 m). The aircraft replaced in the army tactical reconnaissance IL-28R, 27R-Yak, Yak-28P and MiG-21R. Currently, the Su-24MR, along with various modifications of the MiG-25RR, is the main tactical reconnaissance Ukrainian and Russian Air Force. The first prototypes were built scout based bombers T6M T6M-26 and-34 (after revisions -T6MR-26 and T6MR-34) and transferred to the test in 1980. The first series Su-24MR was flight tested in Novosibirsk one week later on 13th April 1983 by commander V.T. Vylomov and navigator V.S. Shkuratov. The aeroplane was produced from 1983 to 1993, the machines assigned to separate reconnaissance aviation regiments (SRAR) under army (district) command. The Air Forces' first Su-24MRs were service tested by pilots of the 4th APCT&TTC in summer 1983, with the first Su-24MRs to be assigned to combat units for tactical employment received by the 47th SGRAR of MMD of Air Forces (Shatalovo), where the new plane was successfully service tested in 1987-88.
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