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Su-24 Design

The Su-24 aircraft is equipped with variable sweep wings, from 16 to 69 degrees. The wings are rotated in increments of 5 degrees, allowing the pilot to choose the best treatment for a particular task.

The Su-24 can be flown automatically or semi-automatically and hug terrain at an altitude of just 50 meters. It incorporated the Soviet Unions first integrated digital navigation and attack system, which had a laser rangefinder and TV system, expanding the range of potential targets and also the altitude from which attacks could be launched.

The Su-24 for the first time in the domestic aviation pilot and navigator were close to each other. It is very convenient from the point of view of interaction: the navigator can not only suggest something to the pilot on the radio, but also to show a gesture. This is especially important when flying at low altitudes, when the situation on the ground is changing rapidly, and the time limit reduced to aiming - told pilots. On the other hand, the interior layout degrades review: pilot - right navigator - on the left. But it is also a question of interaction: the field of view is divided into sectors and each is looking for his side.

The design of the bomber Su-24, all-metal, used mainly aluminum and titanium and magnesium alloys. Cabin ventilation hermetic type - with air conditioning and oxygen equipment, is equipped with dual controls, which increases the safety of the flight.

Despite the variety of its weaponry, including guided missiles and an unprecedented heavy payload, the main armament of the aircraft, like many of its predecessors, was a tactical nuclear bomb. According to the US Department of Defense, the Soviet arsenal of the devices at the time was several times larger than NATOs, and the emergence of such a refined delivery aircraft further aggravated the existing imbalance in the European theater of operations.

Meanwhile, the US F-111 actively fought in Vietnam after a dismal debut in the conflict, when the aircraft was repeatedly downed by old S-75 anti-aircraft missiles, despite its supposed immunity to ground fire. By the end of the conflict, however, the F-111 was regarded as the most effective of all US military aircraft used there.

The Soviets described air accompaniment of advancing ground forces as a form of combat actions by aviation units to achieve uninterrupted cooperation with the troops in the depth of the adversary's defense. The principal targets in this phase of air support are enemy operational reserves, tanks, missile launchers, artillery, and strong points. Air accompaniment is conducted by units of frontal and army aviation.

Air accompaniment consists of two main phases: a preparatory attack and strikes in support of advancing tanks and motorized-rifle units after the attack begins. For the most part, air attacks in the preparatory phase are coordinated closely with artillery barrages to extend the range of fire. With respect to fire assets, the principal weapons platforms used in Soviet recce-fire and recce-strike complexes are aircraft, short-range ballistic missiles (SRBM), and artillery. Presently, each command echelon from division to a TVD command has its own aviation assets.

The major part of frontal aviation air assets consisted of Su-17 Fitter and MiG-27 Flogger fighter-bombers. These aircraft were tasked for tactical defense suppression and interdiction missions. To complement the fighter-bombers the Soviets used the Su-24 Fencer aircraft for deep interdiction. In the 1980s a new variant of the MiG-25 Foxbat F, specifically designed for defense suppression, entered service. The AS-1l ARM carried by the Foxbat-Fs is used to attack NATO air defense missile belts from stand-off ranges. Older tactical fighters assigned to the frontal aviation such as the aging MiG-21 Fishbeds were being replaced by the more advanced MiG-29 Fulcrums. The Su-25 Frogfoot ground attack aircraft are used for close air support and battlefield air interdiction missions.

In practice, the Soviets showed great skills in jamming and deception. They had begun to deploy a communications jamming variant of their armored personnel carriers. They were also becoming adept at using electronic means to conceal troop movements and deployments. The Soviets had developed a variant of the Su-24 Fencer aircraft intended to assist ground attack aircraft by electronically suppressing enemy SAMs and early warning interceptor radars.

Most versatile of all delivery systems are, of course, aircraft. Modern ground attack aircraft such as the MiG-27 Flogger-D and Su-24 Fencer can attack targets throughout NATO's operational depths. While, unlike missiles, they can be shot down, they can achieve a higher degree of accuracy. They can also tailor their attack profile and weapons load to suit the mission.

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Page last modified: 26-11-2015 17:55:25 ZULU