Win the adventure of a lifetime!

UNITED24 - Make a charitable donation in support of Ukraine!

Military


Haski / Husky - 5th-Generation Nuclear-Powered Attack Submarine

Husky The Husky was to replace Antey-class SSGN of project 949A, as well as SSN of project 971, Shchuka-class project 671TMK, Condor-class project 945A, and Barracuda-class project 945. The Husky / Laika was not the only domestic fifth-generation submarine project. It was supposed to create a modification of the strategic submarine missile carrier Borey - Borey-B - which would become the rocket carrier of a new generation. Design Bureau "Rubin" presented the outline documentation of the updated boat. But she did not suit the customer, since the increase in quality was less significant than a significant increase in the price of a missile carrier. And the project was rejected.

The prospects for the development of the domestic navy are dark and opaque, like the waters of the Mariana Trench. There are many statements that have been made and are made by very responsible officials and military leaders. Among them are ministers, and directors of the main design bureaus and shipyards, and the leadership of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, and admirals and vice-admirals, and veterans of the Navy. And the range of forecasts is enormous. From the creation of a mobile mosquito fleet, but with powerful missile weapons to the intensification of the construction of nuclear destroyers and aircraft carriers with electromagnetic catapults.

But, the main decisions about the prospects of the fleet are made by the ministers of the financial bloc. Since everything depends on financing. Which is currently quite limited. The program of the domestic fleet for the period until 2027 involves the beginning of the construction of fifth-generation submarines. That is absolutely new - the current latest nuclear submarines "Ash" and "Borey" belong to the fourth generation.

There is little doubt in the authenticity of this information. Since the underwater component of the Navy is the highest priority. And money is always found for the design and construction of nuclear submarines. To a large extent, this is predetermined by the fact that our submarine fleet is an integral part of the country's nuclear triad, acting as a means of deterrence.

A fifth-generation boat is supposed to be a multi-purpose strike. That is, its main task will be to hunt for strategic enemy submarine missile carriers which are also part of the American nuclear triad. And it is the most developed and powerful in the USA precisely in its underwater part, which is implemented on the Ohio submarines with the Trident-2 ICBM. And this is a very important strategic moment of the Russian military doctrine.

Research work on the fifth-generation nuclear submarine project as part of the Husky project has been carried out since the beginning of 2016. The Malakhit Bureau completed the development of the preliminary design of this ship in December 2017. Later it became known that the construction of the first submarine for the new project will begin in 2023. Technical details about the ship designed as part of the Husky’s work are not disclosed.

On 17 April 2019, a source told TASS that at the end of 2018, the Malakhit Design Bureau had completed research work under the Husky code, the purpose of which was to determine the appearance of a fifth-generation nuclear submarine. The Ministry of Defense approved the results, although a year ago TASS wrote that according to his information, the scientific and technical work in the framework of the Husky submarine project was considered unsatisfactory. “After“ Malachite”, he embarked on the next stage in the creation of the submarine - OCD under the code “Laika”, the agency’s interlocutor said now.

The United Shipbuilding Corporation reported in 2017 that the appearance and design of the Haski nuclear submarine will be completed within two years. Presumably, the nuclear submarines of this project will be smaller and cheaper than the ICSMs of project 885 / 885M, which allows us to draw an analogy with the super-expensive American nuclear submarines Seawolf and those designed to replace them with more versatile and relatively inexpensive nuclear submarines of the Virginia type. The new submarines will be built in three variants — a basic attack submarine model, an expanded guided-missile submarine (SSGN) version and an enlarged ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) variant, according to Ilya Kramnik, a defense reporter with Lenta.ru.

United Ship-Building Corporation President Alexei Rakhmanov said it will be “an absolutely different submarine from the viewpoint of physical fields” to be “standardized to combine key elements of strategic and multipurpose submarines." The new class is expected to have a common hull design, a common sonar, power and propulsion systems.

In addition to Rubin, Defense Ministry research centers and the Navy Institute, as well as Rubin’s partners and contractors, were working to develop a basic design of the fifth-generation submarine. The new submarine will have a service life of about 50 years, he said. The fifth generation will be distinguished by its lowered noise, automated control systems, reactor safety, and long-range weapons.

Russia’s next-generation nuclear-powered attack submarines will have a double-hull structure and a displacement of up to 12,000 tons, the Malakhit design bureau said 15 December 2014. “The displacement will be roughly similar to that of the Yasen-class subs – some 12,000 tons or even slightly less,” Malakhit’s deputy general director Nikolai Novoselov said in an interview with RIA Novosti.

According to Novoselov, the double-hull design will remain a feature of Russian nuclear-powered attack submarines. “We believe it is better than the single-hull design,” he said, adding that his bureau had been developing the concept of fifth-generation attack subs on its own initiative as the Defense Ministry had not yet provided the company with the list of design specification demands.

Novoselov said also that Russian next-generation nuclear-powered attack submarines will also be armed with torpedoes, missiles and underwater drones. The underwater drones will be able to detach from the submarine while switched off and power up on command. The submarine will be able to leave the area covertly, while the drone will simulate the submarine’s presence.

Russia is developing two new types of nuclear submarines to replace its Project 949A Oscar-class and Project 945 Sierra-class vessels. The new vessels are the next generation of Russia's Project 955 Borei-class ballistic missile submarine and Project 855M Yasen-class guided-missile submarines, which are late-Soviet-era designs.

The Sierra-class replacement is being designed as an "interceptor" that would protect the Russian nuclear ballistic missile submarine fleet, while the Oscar-class replacement would be a guided-missile submarine that would hunt US carrier strike groups like their predecessors.

Anatoly Shlemov, a senior executive with United Shipbuilding Corporation, in an interview with the Russian news outlet Lenta.ru said: "As part of the ongoing work on the design of fifth-generation of nuclear submarines, two models of the submarine will be created. The main purpose of the first: to ensure the sustainability of strategic missile submarine cruiser combat groups, and fighting enemy submarines. The second boat will carry cruise missiles to hit shore and surface targets." While the two submarines will be based on a common hull design, the interceptor variant will not feature tubes to carry long-range anti-ship or cruise missiles, according to Shlemov.

By 2016 Russia’s defense industry was considering the revival of the Soviet-designed Alpha concept of a maximally robotic, nuclear-powered attack submarine with a radically reduced crew, completely revised and based on 21st-century technology. Some Russian naval experts believed the time had come for a reincarnation of highly automated, essentially robotic nuclear submarines that would take deployment of this craft to a new dimension. While the Soviet project was “highly ambitious,” it was exactly the “concentration of ultra-modern technologies in one vessel” that made Alpha submarines so complicated for operation. The leap that technology has made since the project first appeared, however, could make a robotic nuclear sub a much more reliable and crew-friendly vessel.

The project’s most innovative feature was its unprecedented automation level, which reduced the crew of the vessel to only 32 – less than half the manpower required for other subs of the same size and purpose. That reduction, which had been touted as the main advantage of the highly-automated submarines, later backfired, as it proved very difficult to perform repairs and maintenance work while out at sea with such a small crew. Another drawback was the sophistication of the systems themselves: being ahead of their time in many respects, very few ports were able to service the Lyras. The ‘new Alpha’ does not need to be so radically innovative, but its automation level would allow it to operate with a crew of 50-55, which later on could be reduced to 30-40.

The fifth-generation submarine of the Husky project will be maximally unified and will incorporate the qualities of multi-purpose and strategic submarines. Alexei Rakhmanov, president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC), said this on the air of Ekho Moskvy April 4, 2016. "The fifth generation boat project is being actively discussed and various preliminary tasks are being prepared, the work is being done, it will be a completely different boat in terms of physical fields. This will be a boat that will be unified - strategic and multi-purpose for a number of its key elements," he said. Rakhmanov specified that the nuclear submarine "will be different with weapons," but before the USC, the task is to achieve maximum uniformity in order to "get the best price proposal for the Defense Ministry."

Unlike the previous generation of submarines, when traveling at sea, the Husky emits much less sound. Deputy Naval Commander Vice Admiral Viktor Bursuk stated in 2017 that the fifth-generation Husky class nuclear submarine, emits less noise than Yasen and Pike bay a factor of two, although the two are considered almost quietest in the world.

Shipbuilding engineers are expected to use mainly composite materials with low weight, high durability and suitable for harsh marine environments. Thanks to advanced electronic components, as well as automated ship control systems and weapons, the Husky submarine will be quite compact and still carry a variety of weapons. According to Oleg Vlasov, head of the Malachite Marine Engineers robot division, the fifth generation of nuclear submarines will be armed with military and civilian robots that can operate underwater and in the air.

It is expected to have liquid metal cooled reactors. Improved composites and new polymers are supposed to be used throughout from the hull coating to the dive planes, rudders, stabilizers, propellers (or pump jet propulsors), drive shafts and possibly even the hulls themselves, further reducing the ship’s acoustic signature. New multi-layer composite materials still in testing will isolate working mechanisms from vibrations. The composite material has a high internal loss factor, or sound absorption properties can change when vibration occurs, completely preventing the spread of vibrational energy. Composites don’t corrode and thus wouldn’t need to be painted, reducing maintenance costs.

During the design and fabrication phase, shipbuilders have also come up with feasible options to reduce the cost of producing a ship. First of all, it is necessary to thoroughly use the design and technology solutions that have been implemented in other projects. According to sources, the latest generation of Russian submarine firepower will be the 3K-22's attack missile system combined with the 3M22 Zircon supersonic cruise missile. It is known that the Zircon can reach speeds of 5-10 Mach and a range of 300-500km. Currently, the Russian Navy is equipped with anti-ship missiles with a maximum speed of Mach 2-2.5. In particular, National Interest columnist Sebastian Roblin views the Zircon as a more dangerous missile than the Soviet P-700 Granite (Shipwreck). The Zircon supersonic anti-ship missile is also thought to be able to easily surpass the most modern missile shield in the United States and in the West.

The basic small attack submarine design was expected to have the following specifications: displacement: between 4,000 and 6,000 tons (about 13,800 tons submerged), length: 140m, width: 13m, draft: 9.4 m, depth: 600m, endurance: 100 days, crew: 64, service life: 25-30 years. The expected speed is between 32 to 33 knots. The boat will be capable of delivering and recovering special operations forces and their gear. The armament suite will include 30 533m torpedoes, sea-mines and cruise missiles launched via 10 torpedo tubes. With such a design element "Protivoavianosnymi" the submarine will get new combat options. There is reason to believe that the combat effectiveness of one submarine "Husky" with a hypersonic ship missiles will be equal to several torpedo or missile ships of previous models.

The SSGN’s 8 launchers will accommodate 32 cruise missiles. The SSGN variant will also be armed with the 3M22 Zircon hypersonic anti-ship missile, which is already undergoing tests. The new missiles capable of Mach 5.0-Mach 6.0 will have a range of 250 miles,

HuskyOn the web a poster appeared from the St. Petersburg CB Malakhit, specializing in the development of submarines. In the picture - a submarine of strange outlines, supposedly perspective nuclear submarine of the fifth generation "Husky". "Malachite" has the experience of placing the appearance of the submarines of the future - so in the 90's in the magazine "Gangut" appeared the image of the future submarine "Ash", which turned out to be very accurate.

It became known at the end of 2017 that the appearance of the Haski nuclear submarine was formed . The submarine will be equipped with robots capable of working both in water and on land, and with the most advanced weapons - including hypersonic missiles "Zircon". Judging by the poster, missile launchers are located in the bow and middle compartments of the ship. In the bow is probably used "boat" modification of the universal launcher for eight cruise missiles "Caliber", - says Warhead scientific editor Ilya Kramnik.

In the middle part of the submarine there are eight covers, under which launchers are also hidden. Taking into account the unification of the project with the submarine "Ash", then under each can be placed a container for four "Onyx" / "Zircon" or five "Caliber". Thus, the arsenal of the submarine will be 40-48 cruise missiles of different types.

In the bow, the artist painted the caps of torpedo tubes, but they are unlikely to be - given the placement of missiles in the first compartment, there is simply nowhere to store spare torpedoes. Most likely, containers are placed in the bow for launching false targets - the noise simulators of a submarine made in the torpedo envelope. And the torpedoes themselves, similarly to the "Ash", are placed in the middle part of the hull. Or even more revolutionary technology is applied: torpedoes are dumped downward, just like rocket-launching strategic bombers.

Attention is drawn to the fencing of retractable devices (in common parlance) - it is angular and unusual for less radar visibility of the ship in the above-water position. The nasal horizontal rudders seem to be made retractable, in the lower part of the nose there is an enigmatic protrusion - perhaps it is the antenna of the hydroacoustic complex. Other GAK antennas are located on the hull of the ship. The aft part with the enclosed ring fairing propeller is clearly unified with the "Ash".




NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list



 
Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:21:19 ZULU