Pantsyr-S1 Anti-Aircraft Gun-Missile System
The Pantsir-S1 (NATO reporting name SA-22 Greyhound) or "Carapace" / "Carapace-ME" (for export), is a short-to-medium range gun-missile system combining a wheeled vehicle mounting a fire-control radar and electro-optical sensor, two 30-mm cannons and up to 12 57E6 radio-command guided short-range missiles. The system is designed to acquire a variety of targets flying at altitudes from five meters to 10 kilometers and at the range from 200 meters to 20 kilometers.
The complex "Carapace-C1" (Model 1995) equipped with 12 missiles 9M335, appearance and layout similar to 9M311 SA-13 'Gopher' ZRPK missiles "Tunguska" (launch range increased to 12 km, the height of the targeted goals - to 8 km, SAM applied more powerful engine, increased weight of the warhead, and its size has increased to 90 mm, the diameter of the instrument compartment remained the same - 76 mm).
The Strela-10M3 deployed on the 9K35M3 TELAR from 1989 used the 9M333 missile, which was supplied with three channel seeker, the first infrared, the second using a visible band television contrast lock design, and the third a passive homing channel intended to home on the emissions from jamming equipment. The 9M333 included a new autopilot and IR background rejection processing, as well as a laser proximity fuse with eight rather than four lobes for engaging small targets,and a larger and more lethal warhead.
The first 10 Pantsir-S1 (SA-22 Greyhound) short-range gun and missile air defense systems entered service with the Russian Air Force on 18 March 2010. The Pantsir system was unveiled at the MAKS air show near Moscow in 1995 and has been thoroughly modified since then. It is expected to replace the obsolete Tunguska air defense system in the Russian army. Pantsir-S1 could be mobile or occupy a fixed air defense emplacement. The system combines two 30mm anti-aircraft guns and 12 surface-to-air missiles, and can simultaneously engage two separate targets, ranging from aircraft to missiles and guided bombs.
The Pantsyr S1 short-range air defense missile-gun system will replace the Tunguska M1 complex in the Russian military following the successful completion of testing. Pantsyr-S1, also known as Pantsir-S1 or Panzir (all meaning "Shell" in English), is a short-range, mobile air defense system, combining two 30mm anti-aircraft guns and 12 surface-to-air missiles. It can simultaneously engage two separate targets, ranging from aircraft to missiles and guided bombs. The Pantsyr S1 short-range air defense system is designed to provide point defense of key military and industrial facilities and air defense support for military units during air and ground operations.
The word Maile comes from the old French for chain. As the name implies, this armor is constructed by the linking of metal rings. The Russians distinguished three types of Maile armor. The Russians used a Hauberk of flat rings which was distinguished by the name "Baidana". The "Kolchuga", which may simply be translated as Maile, is of a loose weave, using large rings. The Hauberk of tight weave, using smaller and thicker rings is called "Panzir Kolchuzhnik", which may be translated as Armour of Maile. The Panzir Kolchuzhnik was often reinforced with small disks of bronze or steel and had decorative hook-fasteners of the same metal. Both the Kolchuga and the Panzir Kolchuzhnik were made of round rings.
The system was tested during joint Air Force and Air Defense Forces exercises at the Ashukuk testing grounds in southern Russia. The Russian Air Force received the first Pantsyr S1 complexes in 2008.
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