Fleet Modernization - Soviet
The creation of large warships was provided for by long-term (ten-year) plans for military shipbuilding, which were approved by the decisions of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR, which set the terms for the design and delivery of the new type of lead ship. The Central Research Institute named after Academician A.N. Krylov as the leading scientific center of the shipbuilding industry.
Before the design of the ship began, the Main Naval Headquarters of the Navy developed an operational-tactical mission (OTZ). After its approval by the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, the 1st Institute of Naval Shipbuilding of the Navy (TsNIIVK), involving other institutes of the Navy and the Air Force, prepared a tactical and technical task (TTZ) for the design of the ship. To develop TTZ, this institute carried out a pre-draft project. At the same time, the lead contractor for the design of aircraft carriers - Nevsky Design Bureau (Nevsky Design Bureau) in order to prepare for the approval of the technical specifications developed a technical proposal for the implementation of the basic requirements of OTP.
In parallel, specialized institutes of the Navy for all types of weapons prepared TTZ for new models of complexes provided for by the Arms Program. These tasks were issued to developers by the ordering departments of the Navy with the conclusion of contracts with them for the creation of new weapons. The "Arms Program" was developed for a five-year term by the Ministry of Defense together with the ministries of defense industries and included a list of research and development efforts to create new weapons and military equipment.
The draft tactical and technical specifications for the design of the ship, developed by the 1st Institute of the Navy, was coordinated with the Nevsky Design Bureau, TsNII im. Academician A.N. Krylov, the Ministry of Shipbuilding Industry (SME), the Ministry of Aviation Industry (MAP), the Air Force (Air Force), after which it was approved by the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy and issued to the Nevsky Design Bureau along with the order of the General Directorate of Shipbuilding (GUK) of the Navy for execution contract for the development of a preliminary design. After that, the chief designer was appointed and outline design began. About two years passed from the beginning of the development of the HTA by the General Staff of the Navy to the delivery of the TTZ to the Nevsky Design Bureau.
In support of the design of the ship, an order was issued by the Ministry of Industry and Industry with the announcement of TTZ and the involvement of contractors within the SME, as well as a government decree or a decision of the Military Industrial Commission (MIC) under the Council of Ministers of the USSR to attract contractors from other ministries. Nevskoye design bureau issued counterparties with technical specifications for creating or linking new equipment.
The preliminary design of the ship in the NPKB was carried out under the supervision of 1 Institute of the Navy with the appointment of the main observer and his apparatus. At the stage of preliminary design, the Black Sea Plant was connected to the coordination of issues of technological support for construction.
The results of the development of a preliminary design taking into account the conclusions of the Central Research Institute named after Academician A.N. Krylov, a construction plant (ChSZ) and basic enterprises of SMEs were considered by the Presidium of the Scientific and Technical Council (STC) of SMEs. After that, the outline design of the ship was approved by a joint decision of the Navy, Air Force, SMEs and MAP. Based on it, by a separate order of the State Administration for Management, the next stage of design was carried out - a technical project. The design department of the Nevsky Design Bureau, with the participation of specialized departments, developed general layout drawings and performed general design calculations, including mass loads, issued an explanatory note and specification.
The procedure for coordinating a technical project, consideration and approval at the level of ministries and departments was similar to the outline design. The technical project was developed with reference to the construction plant - ChSZ and all the materials of the technical project were sent to the plant for approval. In addition to the consideration of the project, experts from the control and reception apparatus of the GUK were involved and the main observing navy was appointed. all materials of the technical project were delivered to the plant for approval. In addition to the consideration of the project, experts from the control and reception apparatus of the GUK were involved and the main observing navy was appointed. all materials of the technical project were delivered to the plant for approval. In addition to the consideration of the project, experts from the control and reception apparatus of the GUK were involved and the main observing navy was appointed.
Based on the results of technical design, a Government resolution was drawn up with the approval of the main tactical and technical elements of the ship, the deadline for its delivery to the Navy and measures to ensure its construction. According to the approved project, the Nevsky Design Bureau, under an agreement with ChSZ, carried out the development of working design documentation (RKD), and then the acceptance documentation for the tests. Before the start of the production of RKD, the plant was given custom-made and plazovaya documentation, which made it possible to carry out an advance order of metal and equipment.
The release of working design documentation was carried out by the Nevsky Design Bureau under the supervision of the military acceptance of VP 542 with the interaction and coordination with the Black Sea Plant, which was to confirm the manufacturability of the designs being developed. As soon as ready, the drawings arrived in Nikolaev in the design bureau of the plant. Here, after elaboration, they were put into production. Drawings of the first hull sections came to the plant, metal cutting and hull structure assembly of the first building area were carried out, and the development of the design documentation for the subsequent areas of the ship was just beginning. Turned on a powerful design conveyor, working on a busy schedule.
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