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Military


Naval History

Before the First World War the basic problems of naval warfare were solved by surface ships, and they were the main kind of the naval forces. Before the First World War the fleet was uniform. Coast troops (marines and coast artillery) existed since the beginning of 18 centuries, however, in organizational sense into the composition of fleet they did not enter. On 19 March, 1906, they were conceived and began to be developed as the new fighting arm of the navy submarine forces.

In 1914 were formed the first parts of naval aviation, which in 1916 also acquired the signs of the independent kind of forces. Air force day VMF is noted on 17 July 1916 in the honor of the first victory of Russian marine pilots in the air battle above the Baltic sea in 1916. Finally the VMF as a strategic association was formed in the middle 1930s, when the composition of the VMF organizationally composed of naval aviation, coast defense and air defense units. The contemporary system of control elements VMF finally was formed on the eve of the World War II. On 15 January, 1938, the decision TSIK and SNK created the People's commissariat VMF, in composition of which was formed main naval headquarters. The present Pacific Ocean and northern fleets as constant groupings there exist in accordance with 21 April, 1932, and on 1 June, 1933.

The greatest development fleet obtained to the middle of the 1980s. At this time in its composition there were 4 fleets and Caspian flotillas, in composition of which there were more than 100 divisions and the brigades of surface ships, submarines, naval aviation and coast defense.

For the course of entire its history Russian and Soviet warships could be seen on all latitudes of seas and oceans not only with the military aims, but also opened the new earth, that penetrated polar ices for scientific studies. Study and description by seamen north Siberia is coast, Kamchatka, Alaska, Aleutian and Kurile Islands, Sakhalin, Sea of Okhotsk, round-the-world floatings, the discovery Antarctica they had world value. Russia glorified such well-known seafarers as M.P.Lazarev, F.F. Bellinsgauzen, G.I.Nevel'skoy, etc.

The role of fleet in the history of Russia always exceeded the scope of the accomplishment by it of purely military objectives. The presence of fleet contributed to conducting by our country of active foreign policy. It repeatedly became determent factor for the enemy of the state with the appearance of the threat of war.




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