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Housing / Stalinki

The Stalinki are Stalinist apartment blocks that housed the elite. They were built from the end of the Thirties to the mid-Fifties, predominantly in the neo-classical style, and their principal characteristic was a sense of space and enormous size. They featured high ceilings of up to 3.2 metres (10ft 6in), wide window sills and thick walls. But behind the grand facade lurked room partitions made from poor-grade materials that have deteriorated over time, as well as wooden overhangs between storeys. In most cases these apartments had three or four rooms.

Usually build two types of houses "Stalinist" plan: one type on the landing there are three two-bedroom and three bedroom apartments, and the other type - two bedroom apartments. Plain area of apartments in the "Stalinist" houses can be from 50 to 110 square meters. A distinctive feature of the houses - "stalinok" is that they are very durable, have a beautiful appearance, height floors four to seven, and still adorn the streets, many of the former Soviet Union.

There were two types of Stalinki: those for the upper levels of Soviet society and those for the workers. The first were known as nomenklatura. Soviet and economic leaders, high-ranking military officers, those who worked in the security agencies as well as powerful representatives of the technical and creative intelligentsia lived in these apartments. They were well planned, with many featuring study rooms, nurseries and libraries as well as servants’ quarters, spacious kitchens and separate bathrooms. Rooms ranged from 15 to 30 square meters.

The directors’(direktorskiye) apartments featured classical architecture and simple decor. The buildings were large, with a high first-floor balcony and decorated with elaborate plasterwork and mouldings. They were either built in the centre of a city or lined city squares, and have become tourist attractions in a number of urban centers.

"Stalinka" also continued to build even under Khrushchev, and "Khrushchyovki" under Brezhnev. But the memory is preserved in these names.




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Page last modified: 25-05-2017 13:53:37 ZULU