State Program for 2001-2010
New impulse to the process of military reform was attached by the resolutions, adopted at the sessions of the Security Council of the Russian Federation of 11 August 2000 and on 09 November 2000. These outlined an activity plan on the period up to 2010 for the formation of an improved military organization of the Russian Federation. This program is based on the conclusions from the estimation of contemporary state and forecast of the development of military-political situation.
These resolutions sought practical measures for the solution of the defence problems and guaranteeing of military security, optimum aggregation of tasks and possibilities of their resource guarantee. Within the framework of strategy of the optimization of the military organization of state it was planned to carry out a conversion of all its components.
The resolution of the Security Council RF of 11 August 2000 was said to be taken the basis of the estimation of real situation, analysis of state and prospects of the development of military-political situation, possibilities of state for the military-economic guarantee of armed forces and refinement of their tasks. It accepted a program which foresaw a system integrated measures for the development of the army and navy.
The armed forces were to continue their development as the nucleus of the military organization of state, which integrated its entire troop of components and assigned the general trend of development of all others components of the military organization of state. Their building and development was achieved in accordance with the plan of building and development of armed forces RF during the years 2001 - 2005, affirmed by the President RF, 16 January 2001.
The primary tasks of building and development of armed forces to the intermediate-term prospect were:
- the retention of the minimally sufficient potential of forces and facilities of strategic nuclear deterrence for deterring aggression against the Russian Federation, and the maintenance of the necessary quantitative and qualitative composition of ground-based, sea and aviation component for a nuclear "triad";
- an increase in the potential of groupings of troops (forces) of peacetime in the southwestern and Central-Asian strategic directions for the guarantee, if necessary, the possibility of the decisive application of the Armed Forces for the suppression, the localization and resolution of military conflicts within the shortest periods and with the minimum losses for Russia;
- the optimization of the structure of expenditures for national defense, levelling off of the level of expenditures for the development of troops (armaments and military equipment) with the summary level of expenditures for the content and capital construction.
The plan of building and development of the armed forces of the Russian Federation during the years 2001-2005 was correlated with the state program of armament during the years 2001-2010, which determined the material basis for improving the weapon system of armed forces, other troops, military formations and the organs of the Russian Federation.
The state program of armament during the years 2001-2010 was also the basis of conducting long-term policy in the field of reformation and development of the defense industrial complex of the Russian Federation. It was intended to make it possible to solve number of key problems in the restructuring of defense industrial complex and the creation of reserve for guaranteeing the development of promising models and weapon systems. This was to ensure the growth of the potential of defense industrial complex for the subsequent rearmament to the contemporary models. Questions of military building and development of the military organization of the Russian Federation in the present stage acquired the determining nature for providing of a national national safety.
During November 2000 the Security Council of the Russian Federation corrected the state policy of the Russian Federation in the region of military building and were determined basic trends in development of the military organization of state to the period up to 2010.
The primary tasks were the optimization of structure, a reduction in composition and number of components of the military organization of state on the basis of the balanced package of tasks by armed forces, by other troops, by military formations and by the organs of the Russian Federation in the region of the defense of country and National Security.
The resolution of the Security Council of the Russian Federation outlined the complex of measures for further improvement of the military organization of state for the period up to 2010. Estimation of the volumes of the expenditures of federal budget during the years 2001-2010 according to financing of the power component of the military organization of state was given. Financing the measures, connected with structural reconstruction and reduction in the number of components of military organization, would be achieved by the assignment from the division of the functional classification of the expenditures of federal budget "military reform".
The resources freed as a result of a reduction in the number of components of the military organization were directed to the solution of social problems, the improvement of the combat and special training of troops, military formations and organs, creation and purchase of the promising models of armament, military and special equipment.
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