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BTR-82A 8x8 wheeled infantry fighting vehicle

The BTR-82A is one of Russia’s latest 8x8 wheeled infantry fighting vehicles; its silhouette is the reminder of its predecessor, the BTR-80A. The development and production of BTR-82A is engaged in "military-industrial company", which also produces a new generation of armored vehicles, "Boomerang". Hailed by defense specialists as a full-fledged combat vehicle, the BTR-82A created a big stir in late-2010 with its 2A72 30 mm chain gun, coaxial 7.62mm MG and advanced observation gear, making it ideal for regular combat and counterterrorism operations alike.

The BTR-82A is an upgraded version of the BTR-80 wheeled armored vehicles that were put into service in 1980. BTR-82A has a high survivability, equipped with a unified fighting module, air conditioning, modern communication and orientation systems. Designers modernized more than 1,000 elements in the BTR-82A.Thanks to its advanced characteristics, the BTR-82A’s firing effectiveness increased two-fold as compared to its previous version.

Securing the machine is increased by the use of a new armored personnel carrier Ballistic protection of multilayer synthetic material such as Kevlar on the inner surfaces of the body. To reduce the negative effects of explosions under the wheels or body carpeted floor mats in mine, is a multilayer rubber coating, which layers have different properties. Such mats partially dampen the impact of the blast wave. In addition, the seat of the crew and landing are made at the special suspension, which reduces the impact of the explosion energy.

The Military Industrial Company developed the APC in close cooperation with the Russian Defence Ministry under the BTR-80 and BTR-80A heavy upgrade programs. Devising the program, the designers took into account all of the customer’s proposals and requirements stemming from the scrutiny of the lessons learnt from the operation and tactical use of the APCs. Although the advanced APC looks similar to its predecessor, the BTR-80A, it is very different. The upgrade program was aimed at a comprehensive improvement in the vehicle’s performance, firepower, agility, protection, responsiveness, reliability, manufacturability and maintainability.

Owing to the measures taken, the BTR-82A’s combat effectiveness ratio doubled over that of the BTR-80A. As far as its combat effectiveness indices are concerned, the wheeled BTR-82A can do in battle what has been done by the tracked BMP-1 and BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles (IFV), which use by the Ministry’s of Interior units is limited specifically due to their tracked running gear.

A new type of active shielding, adapted for use with high-speed and highly maneuverable combat vehicles, is in the works now to make the BTR-82A practically immune to grenade launchers. Although the all-steel construction, which provides protection against machine gun fire and artillery splinters, looks unchanged on the surface, improvements against mines and IED’s have been added to the lower hull. Kevlar-type liners have been fitted to the inside of the hull, providing better all-round protection.

The BTR-82A boasts a new 300hp engine and suspension system, which offers it the ability to absorb the energy from a landmine. It also retains the same fully amphibious capabilities of the earlier BTR-80A. The hull of the BTR-82 is made of a fragment-protective laminated synthetic material. To increase the comfort of the crew, the BTR-82A is equipped with an air-conditioning system.

The BTR-82A’s advanced fire control system adds significantly to the vehicle’s fire effectiveness. Unlike the old versions, the BTR-82A has a shoot-on-the-move engagement capability. It is fitted with a full stabilization system, which allows for accurate firing on the move in all conditions, thanks to the new day and night sights. The armored carrier is equipped with a laser range finder which allows the commander of the vehicle to duly detect enemy targets.

In order to improve the comfort of the crew being in the car and to reduce fatigue on the BTR-82 is installed air conditioning system, which also serves to optimize the conditions for the operation of electronic devices and appliances. The machine is equipped with the new radio station R-168-25-V2 system topographical orientation "throne-1" with an independent satellite TV receiving navigation information, and combined monitoring device TKN-AI commander. TKN-AI is equipped with an active laser-pulse illumination and allows the commander to detect the enemy at distances up to 3 km, provides improved accuracy distance measurement, eliminates the telltale signs of infrared illuminators.

The system of topographic orientation "throne-1" is designed to determine the current position of the machine and display its location on a digital map. It has a self-contained and satellite channels to obtain navigational information. The system helps automatically find out how far the destination is automatically displayed destinations, milestones and targets on an electronic map, record of the route. Additionally, the BTR-82A can be equipped with the Kornet class anti-tank system that is capable of destroying heavy armored vehicles at a distance of up to four kilometers, something that adds substantially to infantry’s combat operations. Also, the vehicle is fitted with a reinforced multi-layer floor which provides protection against mines and improvised explosive devices.

The ripple effect created by the BTR-82A’s 30 mm automatic gun has been felt far and wide, with US Army officials saying that one of their most important units in Europe — the Stryker-equipped 2nd Cavalry Regiment — is outgunned by its Russian counterparts and needs a fast-track upgrade. The US Army staff in April 2015 approved a request from the unit's commander, Colonel John Meyer, to fit a 30mm cannon on 81 of the infantry carriers, so that it to could engage similar units or light-armored vehicles.

Work is underway to create new specialized vehicles based on the BTR-82A. One of such developments was the anti-sabotage combat vehicle - the Typhoon-M BPDM, created on the basis of the BTR-82 at the Strela Scientific and Production Association. It is designed to protect mobile missile systems of the Strategic Missile Forces. Work is underway to create a new combat reconnaissance vehicle - BRM on the basis of the BTR-82. In addition, the option of creating a self-propelled short-range anti-aircraft missile system "Sosna" on the basis of the BTR-82 is being worked out.

As new types of weapons or special equipment appear and, if necessary, create their wheeled versions, new modifications of the BTR-82 armored personnel carrier or special vehicles based on it will appear. The fact is that this machine has an important advantage over other armored wheeled chassis - the ability to overcome water obstacles by swimming.

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Page last modified: 15-06-2021 19:32:50 ZULU