Brezhnev - Early Years
Leonid Ilich Brezhnev was born December 19, 1906 in the village of Kolomenskoye in Ekaterinoslav province, which today became the Ukrainian metallurgical city of Dneprodzerzhinsk in the Dnipropetrovsk region. His parents, Ilya Yakovlevich and Natalia Denisovna, were ordinary working people. The future leader of the USSR was the first child in the family, later he had a younger sister Vera and brother Yakov. Brezhnev's family lived in modest conditions in a small apartment, but the children were surrounded by the love and care of their parents, trying to compensate them for their material benefits with their attention.
His father worked as a roller at the Dneprovsky factory of the South-Russian Dnieper Metallurgical Society in the village of Kamenskoye. At that time it was one of the largest enterprises of its kind in the country. The factory was worked by his grandfather, brother and sister. There also comes to master the profession of a locksmith and a 15-year-old graduate of a single work school (former gymnasium) Leonid Brezhnev. But soon the plant is closed for conservation and the Brezhnev family is forced to return to their homeland in the Kursk province to again engage in peasant labor.
In most of his documents was written a nationality - a Ukrainian. In any case, for many years in his various identity cards, this graph did not change. As in the passport, and military ticket. With Ukraine, he had a lot to do in his life.
Leonid Ilyich's childhood in fact was not very different from the children of that time, he grew up as an ordinary courtyard boy, who liked to chase pigeons. In 1915, the future political figure entered the classical gymnasium, and immediately after his graduation in 1921 he went to work for a butter mill. After two years of labor Brezhnev joined the ranks of the Komsomol and then went to study at the local technical school land surveyor. In 1927, he received a land surveyor diploma, which allowed him to work in his specialty first in the Kursk province, and then in the Urals as the first deputy head of the district land administration.
As to the entry of the future General Secretary into the Bolshevik party, some still have questions. A document was preserved in which Ivan Ivanovich Neputin (a very popular surname in those places), headed by Nizhneserginsky in the late 1920s, the Bashkortostan district of the Ural region, recommended that Leonid Ilyich be a candidate for the party. In the official biography, it appears that Brezhnev joined the party in Dnepropetrovsk, two years later. There is a version that Brezhnev escaped arrest from the Urals to Dnepropetrovsk. He was threatened for having wrongly measured the ground and became of interested to the NKVD. October 24, 1931, according to the official version, he joined the CPSU(b).
In 1930, Leonid Ilich moved to Moscow, where he entered the local agricultural engineering institute, and a year later transferred to evening training at the Dneprodzerzhinsk Metallurgical Institute. At the time of getting higher education, the future politician was also working as a stoker at the Dnieper Metallurgical Plant. Then he joins the All-Union Communist Party of the Bolsheviks.
Having graduated from the institute in 1935 and obtained an engineer diploma, Leonid Brezhnev went to the army, where he received the first officer rank of lieutenant. Having paid the debt to the motherland, he returned to his native Dneprodzerzhinsk and became director of the metallurgical technical school. In 1937, the biography of Leonid Brezhnev completely switched to politics, which he actively engaged until the end of his days.
In the year 1937, cleaning follows cleaning, arrest for arrest. One by one, executive posts and positions of responsibility are vacated. The main thing is not to sit too long, but jump faster and higher. Not everyone was lucky to pass this distance, many stumbled and fell. Among those who were lucky was Brezhnev.
In May 1937 he was promoted to the post of deputy chairman of the Dneprodzerzhinsk City Executive Committee. A year later he headed the Department of Soviet Trade of the Dnepropetrovsk Regional Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine. The first secretary of the Dneprodzerzhinsk city committee, KS, recommended him for this work. Grushevoy in January 1939 he became the second secretary of the regional committee, and on February 7 of the same year Brezhnev was confirmed secretary of the regional committee for propaganda. His main task is to organize a mass study of the Stalinist "Short Course of the History of the CPSU(B.)." April 4, 1940, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik), N.S. Khrushchev signed a decree approving Brezhnev as a member of the regional committee's bureau. From now on, he must be responsible for the defense industry of the Dnipropetrovsk region.
The political career of Leonid Brezhnev began with the post of head of the department of the regional committee of the Communist Party in Dnepropetrovsk. That period of Brezhnev's activities ended in the years of the Great Patriotic War. Then he took an active part in the mobilization of the Red Army and engaged in the evacuation of the country's industry. Then he served in political positions in the ranks of the active army, for which he was awarded the rank of Major-General.
In the postwar years, he was engaged in the restoration of enterprises destroyed during the war, while paying attention to party activities, holding the post of first secretary of the regional committee of the Zaporozhye Communist Party, where he was appointed on the recommendation of the first secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, Nikita Khrushchev, with whom he had at that time established relations. Friendship with Khrushchev and became a "pass-through ticket" for Brezhnev on his way to power.
While in the tops of the Communist Party, Leonid Brezhnev met with the then incumbent Soviet leader Joseph Stalin , who in 1950 appointed the loyal communist to the post of first secretary of the CPSU Central Committee of Moldova. At the same time, the politician became a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Party and the head of the Main Political Administration of the Navy and the Soviet Army.
After the death of Stalin, Brezhnev lost his job, but in 1954, again under Khrushchev's patronage, he became secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, who is engaged in the development of virgin lands and actively participates in preparations for the construction of the Baikonur cosmodrome. Also then the future head of the USSR supervised the development of space technology in the country and participated in the preparation of the first human flight into space, by Yuri Gagarin.
The path to power of Leonid Brezhnev ended in a conspiracy against Nikita Khrushchev, who was later removed from state and party posts. Then the post of the first secretary of the CPSU Central Committee went to Leonid Ilyich, who, on his way, eliminated all his opponents and placed the key people loyal to him, including Yuri Andropov, Nikolai Tikhonov, Konstantin Chernenko , Semyon Tsvigun, Nikolai Shchelokov.
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