Brezhnev - Dnepropetrovsk Mafia
It's not a secret for anyone that clans in politics existed and exist. People grew up together, worked, served in the army, then together they advance in the service, help each other. Brezhnev also had close friends, whom he helped and relied on. Some of them started working with him in Dnepropetrovsk. Clans in politics - a kind of political "mafia", are built on the principles of community, family ties or economic interests. There were surprisingly few Muscovites in the central government, in the government and in the Central Committee apparatus. The tone was set by assertive provincials from different clans. This was not an accident, but the result of a well-thought-out personnel policy.
Leonid Brezhnev had a "Dnepropetrovsk mafia." Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev had a "Stavropol clan". In the Soviet era, Ukraine developed primarily because all affairs were run by the Dnipropetrovsk mafia. Brezhnev was known as a caring family man, he maintained relations with many friends and countrymen from Ukraine, from Dnepropetrovsk. He never forgot them and placed them on important posts, wherever the life of the nomenklatura worker would throw up: to Moldova, Kazakhstan, Moscow. Subsequently, thanks to this talk about the "Dnipropetrovsk mafia".
The real power would come from the "Dnepropetrovsk clan", which included Leonid Brezhnev himself, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR NA Tikhonov, the Secretary of the Central Committee for Defense, AP Kirilenko, the head of the General Department and the Secretary of the Central Committee K. U. Chernenko, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine V.Shcherbitsky, CPSU Central Committee Managing Director G.S.Pavlov, Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR IVNovikov, Minister of Internal Affairs N.Shlokov, First Deputy Chairman of the USSR KGB GK Tzinev, Assistant Secretary General A. I. Blatov, Head of the Secretariat Secretary General GE Tsukanov and many others.
Leonid Ilich Brezhnev had a close association with the defense industry throughout his life. He graduated from the Dneprodzerzhinsk Metallurgical Institute (1935). Soon he became Head of the Department of Trade of the Dnepropetrovsk Regional Committee of the CPSU (b) (1938), secretary of the Regional Committee for Propaganda (1939) and Defense Industry (1940).
He moved to the highest number of all-Union party leadership during Stalin's policy of rejuvenating the cadres, after Stalin's death he was released from his posts, although he remained a member of the Central Committee. Deputy Chief of the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and the Navy (since May 1953).
From 1956, he was in charge of defense and heavy industry for CPSU Central Committee, the development of cosmonautics and capital construction. In June 1957, actively supported NS Khrushchev in the struggle against the "anti-Party group."
Over time, he achieved appointment to the most important posts of people loyal to him, who became the backbone of his power. He worked with many of them earlier in Dnepropetrovsk and Moldova.
In the early 1970s, priority was given to the development of the military-industrial complex. Brezhnev personally controlled the work of the military industry through the apparatus of the Central Committee, bypassing the USSR Council of Ministers. On the one hand, Brezhnev contributed to a significant strengthening of the defense capacity of the country: by the beginning of the 1980s, the USSR had surpassed the United States in the number of nuclear munitions and their carriers, three had been built and two heavy aircraft-carrying cruisers, including Tbilisi (now Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviets Union of Kuznetsov "), The first of the world's largest nuclear submarines, Project 941 Akula, also known as Typhoon, was commissioned in 1981, tanks T-72, T-80, MiG-29, SU-27, anti-aircraft missile the S-300 complex, etc.
On the other hand, Brezhnev, contrary to his commitment to peace, went to unjustified lengths from the point of view of security. The number of tanks in the USSR exceeded 60,000 - there are more of them than in the rest of the world. The army numbered 6 million people. The investments in military production were ruinous.
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