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Modernized BMD-4M (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta) - Development

On 21 March 2008 was the premier demonstration of the modernized BMD-4 airborne assault vehicle at Kurganmashzavod's proving ground. N.F. Ershov, the headman of General Tank-Automation Command of the Ministry of Defence, V.E. Evtukhovich, the commander of airborne troops, M.G. Bolotin, the president of Concern "Tractor Plants" and O.A. Bogomolov, the governor of Kurgan region and also, the numerous journalist fraternity: the delegates from TV-channels, Internet-portals, Informative agencies, magazines and newspapers came to Kurgan for formalization with the gadget.

Before the event, thanks to which all had come, was the excursion over assembly production, which was as a prelude. Workers scrutinized the numerous guests, and the operators with their video cameras tried to film the manufacturing process. The exhibition over Kurganmashzavod ready production created an impression. Together with BMP-2, BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles was represented the up-dated technique, which already was performed, such as TM-130 transport vehicle, MKCM-800 steer-skid loader, PK-40, PK-60 loader. After it - they went to the proving ground. The great event in the new history of homemade engineering is the demonstration of modernized airborne assault vehicle, which will stay in memory of everyone, who came there. Someone will tell about the spring sunny weather in pinery, one should admire such awesome landscape.

The other would be impressed by the grand ceremony of the representing new vehicle, when the symbolic ribbon was cut, with the firework and honor guard near BMD-4 and when they saluted to a new child of military vehicles to the accompaniment of Russian hymn. Surely, the showing firing and fast run of the mane hero under the flags of Russia and airborne troops will stay in memory of all guests. BMP-3 played not a main role, but the second one, nevertheless it was not forgotten, because exactly this vehicle was the base of modernized BMD-4.

The rework of chassis was made with maximum usage of power-plant installation units and with BMP-3 constructive elements: power pack and the systems for servicing it, control linkages, devices for pumping out water, water jet propellers of body. In general, the unification of units, plants and systems of modernized BMD-4 chassis with the same units, plants and systems of BMP-3 is 80%, but the previous weight of vehicle was saved and concerned to the lightweight category. It allows to low production expenses and exploitation expenditure. 200 million rubles were spent for realization of the project.

"For many years, Kurganmashzavod collected strong staff, intellectual potential, cause of these factors the collective of plant can successfully cope with the most difficult tasks", - said Oleg Alekseyevich Bogomolov, the governor of region. - 20 years ago, one needed five years for creating such vehicle, from designing it to testing at the proving ground. Kurganmashzavod made it during one year. I wish, that such successful appearance of the new vehicle turns into its successful future."

V.E. Evtukhovich, the commander of airborne troops started his speech from thankful words to all labor staff of the JSC, which brightly coped with the task. "A new page of airborne troops up-dated history is opened today, said he, - Modernized BMD-4 in several times dominates the previous generation of military equipment. The complex is unique because it concentrates all technological and constructional resolves. It allows providing the superiority of Russian airborne troops over our competitors in problems of fighting strength, speed, maneuverability, and the possibility to make an assault landing with parachute in the nearest decade. Thank to the governance of Russian Armed Forces, Concern "Tractor Plants", to all staff of Kurganmashzavod. I hope, that the new BMD will be in different military units of Russian airborne troops next a year.

During the briefing, V.E. Evtukhovich said that the vehicle has very high potential, which has been confirmed by military checking and by practical exploitation of fighting module at the other chassis; these have taken place at different proving grounds. All individual capacities of modernized BMD-4 were confirmed and new conceptual approaches to matters of its tactical usage were embodied. "We are planning the complex test of modernized BMD-4 in accordance with the program, which is agreed with General Tank-Automation Command of the Ministry of Defence and airborne troops in the year 2008. As the result of tests, we will take a decision about serial manufacture, which could be started next year. In accordance with the accepted "The governmental program for armament up to the year 2015 ", it is planned to reequip at 60% by airborne assault vehicle of new generation.

In March 2008, the production of first prototypes of modernized BMD-4M airborne assault vehicle was finished at Kurganmashzavod. This unified military vehicle, which has no analogues in the world, and allows improving the firepower and maneuverability of Russian army airborne sub-unite. The main peculiarity of BMD-4M is that the original power unit and driving gear are changed to standard one, used for BMP-3. It helps to decrease the time of airborne assault vehicle servicing in the army and decrease the price of production within government defence order of Russian Federation Military Department.

The Kurgan Region-based enterprise might not be able to deliver a number of upgraded combat vehicles, which the Russian airborne troops are now switching to, to the army due to financial reasons. According to head of troops Vladimir Shamanov, the rearmament of the troops was being carried out in strict accordance with the set regulations. First of all, this involves upgrades of the BMD-1 (combat vehicles 1), BMD-2, and Nonnas, the self-propelled guns, through automation. However, the problem relating to fulfilling the state defense order for the year 2011 was unresolved in terms of ten BMD-4M vehicles and ten BMD-4M-based unified armored trucks. Kurganmashzavod did not actually promise to produce the vehicles in question. The enterprise’s financial condition looked unsettling, so no one can be completely certain that, should the money be provided, the order will actually be fulfilled, Vladimir Shamanov said. The General added that they were currently negotiating with the enterprise and that he was hoping to achieve an agreement.

In August 2012 First Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation A.Suhorukov said: "BMD-4M did not respond to the requirements of the Ministry of Defence. How can you buy something that does not meet the requirements of the Ministry of Defence?". Sukhorukov said that the armored vehicle does not meet the requirements for mine protection. "On the BMD-4 the top hung armor just led to a weighting of this machine by two tons," - said the first deputy minister. The General Staffs rejection of the BMD-4M was substantiated by the fact that now the main task of the Airborne is fighting irregular formations, as in Afghanistan and Iraq, where insurgents undermine the road and operate mainly from ambushes. Therefore, in the United States have developed armored MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) for this role.

Vladimir Shamanov did not agree with the General Staff: "It's all a fairy tale. The proposed technique for general purpose forces do not close on the parameters close to the BMD-4M. We were told that it does not fit, but did not say what is the solution. Personally, I do not know, and our opinion no one asked. Arguments that the landing must confront irregular forces - insurgents, guerrillas - have no justification. Our opponent is the same - regular, diverse, well-equipped and trained army. It does not matter whose," - he said.

Kurganmashzavod said "protection from mines can not be absolute, the opponent can always put a bomb more power than the intended protection of the machine. Defend technique can only set of measures, such as training of commanders and personnel, engineering exploration routes, the use of special engineering machinery, etc." Kurganmashzavod said that the structural unit of the enterprise "Special Design Bureau of Machine Building" had developed several measures to improve the level of armor protection.




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Page last modified: 25-10-2021 17:29:29 ZULU