Be-10N marine missile carrier
By Resolution of the Council of Ministers of Ukraine No. 564-275 of May 26, 1958, works on the K-12 cruise anti-ship missile were transferred to OKB-49 by G.M. Berieva . The Be-10N rocket carrier Beriev decides to make K-12 missiles in conjunction with the carrier aircraft Be-10N, created on the basis of his jet-flying Be-10 . The whole system, including the plane, was called K-12B.
The K-12BC missile, equipped with a nuclear weapon, was intended to engage armored ships and large transports. The same missiles, but equipped with a high-explosive ammunition, could be used to fight transport with a displacement of up to 8,000 tons and non-armored ships, as well as for the destruction of naval bases, bridges and other radar-contrast ground targets. The missile was launched from the Be-10N aircraft at a flight speed of up to 700 km / h from a height of 5-10 km.
Thus, in OKB-49 under Beriev's guidance a unique complex was created, consisting of the world's first serial jet flying boat equipped with two cruise missiles. Neither before nor after this has been created in the world.
The carrier aircraft differed from the Be-10 by the converted bow of the boat to frame No. 18 (there was the antenna of the station "Shpil") and the cargo compartment (the upper and lower hatches were removed). At Be-10N also installed the latest flight-navigation equipment, dismantled bombardment weapons, photographic equipment and front gun systems, completely replaced the electrical equipment, as well. the number of consumers of current doubled.
The normal take-off weight of the carrier aircraft Be-10N was 48.5 tons. The aircraft could carry one or two missiles on the pylons under the wing. The maximum speed of Be-10N from one CR is 875 km / h. The range of Be-10N with the suspension of one projectile without refueling the aircraft is 1250 km, and with one refueling in the sea from the submarine - 2060 km. This allowed attacking targets located in the central part of the Atlantic and the Pacific. The "Spiel K-12U" radar was to detect a target ship of the destroyer type when sea waves were 4-5 points at a distance of not less than 150 km.
The draft design of the K-12B system was presented to the SCAT Scientific and Technical Council under the USSR Council of Ministers on June 10, 1959, where it was approved.Suspension K-12 on the Be-10N "afloat"
When designing the K-12BS missile it was possible to suspend them both when the seaplane was stationary on a rolling chassis and afloat from a special launch. When the missile was transferred from a submarine to the Be-10N, it was possible to use an inflatable pontoon. Thus, one or more Be-10N missile carriers could get a base somewhere in the center of the Pacific Ocean. There they would refuel from an atomic submarine, strike a missile attack on a target remote at 1200 km and return back behind fuel and rockets. By the way, on the submarine, the aircraft could wait for shift crews.
But the refueling of a flying boat in the sea is possible only in the absence of strong excitement and enemy forces. The very same flying boat Be-10N was a relatively easy target for the deck fighter of a potential enemy. In this regard, the work on the Be-10 missile flying boat was stopped by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of Ukraine No. 887-372 of August 12, 1960, and the work on K-12BC was simultaneously closed.
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