Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


AT-16 Scallion /
9M120 / 9K121 Ataka-V "Whirlwind" VIKhR

"Whirlwind" ( GRAU index : 9K121, by NATO classification : AT-16 Scallion) - anti-tank missile system , designed for the weapons attack aircraft Su-25T , Su-39 , helicopters Ka-50 , Ka-52 , as well as boats and small patrol ships. ATGM intended to defeat armored vehicles, including those equipped with a dynamic protection , and low-speed (at speeds up to 800 km / h) air targets. Guided missile "Whirl-1" is designed to defeat armored vehicles and low-speed air targets. Maximum range is 10 kilometers away, and the launches are carried out from a height of 4 kilometers.

This modification of the Shturm-V family is the Ataka-V family of missiles used on Mi-28 helicopters and on the latest Ka-50 helicopter. The Vikhr antitank missile is also the main weapon of the Su-39. The aircraft is armed with 16 such missiles. The Ataka-V family includes several versions, the basic one being the 9M120 with a shaped-charge warhead against armored targets and its improved version being the 9M220. Addition of a second warhead, a demolition warhead, has created the Fugasnaya [High-Explosive] 9M120F. Another version used against airborne targets is the 9A2200 with a rod warhead. All these missiles of the Ataka-V family have semiautomatic radio command guidance and a 6000 m range, the producer quoting a 0.95 probability of a hit.

Missiles of the Malutka-Falanga-Shturm-Ataka families were built by the "Mashinostroyenie" Design Bureau in Izhevsk, which had been established by Boris Shavyrin and was later directed by Sergey Niepobiedimyy.

Concern "Kalashnikov" was the winner of the Defense Ministry of the contest in July 2013 and delivered the first batch of the Russian Defense Ministry in October 2015. The total cost of state contracts amounted to about 13 billion Rubles. "With the resumption of the state contract in the spring of 2014, we have been able in the shortest possible time, not only to establish large-scale production of new missiles" Whirl-1 ", but also solve the problem of replacement of imported components for domestic," General Director of Concern" Kalashnikov "Alexei Krivoruchko said. "To date, all conditions stipulated by the contract for the supply of ammunition was successfully implemented.

Concern "Kalashnikov" completed the execution of the contract for the delivery of the Russian Armed Forces new guided missile "Whirlwind 1" at 13 billion rubles, the press service of the company told reporters on 05 April 2016. Kalashnikov in the execution of the state defense order successfully completed the delivery of the Defense Ministry of guided missiles" Whirlwind 1 "The total cost of state contracts amounted to about 13 billion rubles". According to Alexei Krivoruchko, CEO of the company, "Kalashnikovyu" succeeded as soon as possible not only to establish large-scale production of missiles, but also solve the problem of replacement of imported components for domestic.

Concern "Kalashnikov" - the largest Russian manufacturer of a wide range of high-precision weapons, 51% of the Group belongs to the state corporation "Rostec". Group Products "Kalashnikov" is available in more than 27 countries. The Group consists of 3 product brand "Kalashnikov" - weapons of war, "Baikal" - hunting and civilian weapons, "Izhmash" - sporting arms.

Anti-tank missile complex "Whirlwind" started to be developed in 1980, as the main anti-tank vehicle promising attack helicopter Ka-50 and Su-25T - modification of the Su-25 with enhanced capabilities to defeat armored vehicles. The lead developer of the complex was the Tula KBP.

In developing the missile complex "Whirlwind" was the defining limit diameter for the outer suspension helicopter was supposed to accommodate up to 12 ATGM in WPK, and attack aircraft and 16 anti-tank in TPK. Therefore, the rocket made a record high elongation body. This contributed to reduced air resistance and thus ensured the required characteristics of velocity and distance.

The rocket has a canard aerodynamic configuration with folding wings and an arcuate folding PGO. In flight, the missile rotates about its longitudinal axis.

In front of the case is a compartment with leading the charge tandem warhead, air-steering dynamic gated drive with frontal air intake and four aerodynamic control surfaces, slides out niches ago in the course of the rocket. There's also the head of the rocket is proximity fuse required to improve the efficiency of air targets. The following is the main shaped-charge high-explosive warhead.

Over the warhead located fuel sustainer engine itself is solid rocket engine having two oblique nozzles. The tail end of the missile compartment with the receiver located laser control apparatus. When in TPK adjacent to the body of the rocket are located X-shaped four special mechanism disclosed wing console having a pentagonal shape in plan, and with a spout from rocket bent clockwise.

Storage, transport and use of missiles carried out using transport and launch container, with a warranty period of 10 years storage.

The first version of the complex "Whirlwind" with guided missile 9A4172 was adopted in 1985. The high efficiency of the complex was confirmed during comparative tests of helicopters B-80 with the "Vortex" complex and Mi-28 ATGM "Storm-VM" with ATGM "Ataka "held from September 1986 . October 1986 . Gorokhovets on landfill, and later in the course of military exercises in the Carpathians, where the Su-25T has successfully acted against the imaginary enemy, equipped with latest at the time, samples of anti-aircraft missile systems PVO Soviet Ground Forces.

Further development of the complex "Whirlwind" was the precision IMC Aviation Army Aviation "Whirl-M" with UR "Whirlwind 1" put into service in 1990 and is designed to engage a wide range of armored ground, surface and low-speed air targets at ranges of up to 10000 m inclusive. It includes: supersonic missiles with high lethality; multi-channel communications, targeting, automatic aiming; Various fire control system, integrated information and technology in a single unit. All this allows full autonomy weapons after start-up.

Equipment army aviation guided weapons "Whirl-M" makes efficient use of helicopters and attack aircraft in the conditions of modern warfare, it allows a short time to solve a wide range of tasks and productively interact with ground units.

Distinctive features of the IMC "Whirl-M" are:

  • Big firing range, combined with low flight time supersonic missiles and high noise immunity control system provides air carrier survival in dueling combat with enemy air defenses.
  • High speed supersonic missiles promotes reduced uw yn zvimosti vehicle during the attack and allows in one go hit a few goals.
  • High probability of getting into small-sized goal through the use of automatic tracking system for the purpose and precision laser-beam missile control system;
  • Complete Immunity management system in terms of optical and radio;
  • The defeat of a wide range of ground, surface and air targets.
The electro-optical sighting system "Squall-M" belongs to the IMC "Whirl-M", carries out an automatic search and recognition of the target with the subsequent capture, support and execution of the attack. Automatic machinery sighting system "Squall-M" developed Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant "Zenith" includes television and thermal imaging channels detection and target tracking, a laser rangefinder and ATGM guidance channel, as well as a system of two-plane stabilization.

When approaching the area are likely to remain objective, at a distance of 12 - 15 km pilot area includes scanning mode "Squall-M" sighting system. If the coordinates of the area likely to remain objective advance wound in BTsVM aircraft carrier, the scanning area complex "Flurry M" starts automatically.

After the detection of the target, the pilot mode to maximize the exercise of its identification, the label combines the on-screen display television with a view so that it takes 3/4 of its area, and then pressing Auto Tracking button to move the equipment in automatic tracking mode. Sighting system switches to automatic tracking, and on reaching the permitted range produces missile launch. When piloting the helicopter, the goal was to stay in the redistribution of equipment tracking angles "Squall-M": up to 35 in azimuth and from + 5 to -80 in elevation. Sighting system is capable of automatic tracking, even after a brief disappearance Ia and her The images - for example, in cases where another object is between a helicopter and a tank. In that case, if you still have a place crashes automatic tracking, the pilot carried out a repeated takeover target.

The rocket is launched after the acqusition of targets for auto tracking. The system provides the possibility of simultaneous attack a single target with two anti-tank and fire up four targets within 30 seconds. The probability of destruction of small moving target "tank" class missile "Whirlwind 1" is not less than 0.8.

To extend the range of targeted goals complex "Whirl-M" were developed and put into service a guided missile with high-explosive (thermobaric) and fragmentation warhead.

The main advantages of the missile "Whirlwind 1" and automatic sighting devices most fully realized as part of providing a clear view of the complex or helicopter weapons attack aircraft. However, seeking to extend the scope of the complex, CBI conducted a proactive elaboration of self-propelled complex with accommodation for lightly armored chassis type BMP-3 and even a jeep In view of the possibility of multi-purpose use -. Against ground and air targets flying at speeds up to 800 km / h inclusive, as well as simplifying the operation of unification with helicopter systems can be quite optimistic to assess the prospects of the complex land options, especially for deliveries to the country with the landscape and climatic conditions conducive to the implementation of a common enough unique features set at the maximum firing range.

Further development of the "whirlwind" of the complex is due primarily to the installation on aircraft carriers (the Ka-52, Mi-28N) equipment provides the use of antitank guided missiles in all weather conditions, day and night, as well as developed in the 90s new ATGM 9M227, 9M227O- 1 with a laser beam GOS implementing the principle of "see-shoot" 9M227M1, 9M227F, 9M227O-2 IR (thermal) GOS implementing the principle of "fire and forget" and 9M227M2 passive radar seeker. The new missile has increased range start to 12 - 14 km and several large airspeed.

Contractor NPO Mashinostroyenie
Entered Service
Maximum range, Afternoon
  • 10,000 m
  • Effective against ground & air targets at converging speeds to 800 km/h.
  • Maximum range, Night 5 (6) km
    Starting height 5 - 4000 [5] m
    Flight time
    At maximum range 28
    At the distance of 8000 m 23
    At the distance of 6000 m 14
    The average flight speed 600 m / s
    Application temperature range from -50 C to +50 C
    Rocket
    Acceptable types of missiles 9A4172
    Weight and size characteristics
    Rockets
    Length 2.75 m
    diameter of the housing (max) 0,13 m
    Wing span 0.24 m
    Stabilizers 0.38 m
    Weight 45 kg
    TPK
    Length 2.8 m
    Diameter 0.14 m
    Weight 59 kg
    Warhead
    Type tandem shaped-charge fragmentation
    Weight, Warhead 8-12 kg
    Weight, Explosive 4 - 5,5 kg
    Fuse contact and non-contact (2.5 - 3 m)
    Management and guidance
    Possible control types I-251 "Flurry"
    Guidance mode Laser Beam Rider SACLOS
    Penetration 900 mm
    Single-shot hit probability 0.95 probability claimed
    control channels Day TV
    control channels Night a low-level TV
    Target tracking automatic
    Launcher
    Possible types APU-8/6-APA
    Media Su-25T / 39 / Ka-50 / 52
    The number of missiles in PU 8/6
    Weight and size characteristics
    Length 1.524 m
    Width 0.72 m
    Height 0.436 m
    Weight 60 kg (empty)
    Pointing angle in a vertical plane 10

    References

    • "Survey of Russian Guided Air-to-Ground and Anti-Ship Missiles" by Piotr Butowski, NOWA TEKHNIKA WOJSKOWA March 1995 No 3, pp 15-19 [JPRS-UMA-95-023: 7 June 1995]



    NEWSLETTER
    Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list


     
    Page last modified: 04-05-2018 16:43:55 ZULU