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An-22 Antei Cock - Variants

An-22A (AN-122)

The An-22A aircraft was an Antonov An-22 with reinforced structure and more powerful 18,000 h.p. engines with take-off weight up to 250 tons and a maximum payload of up to 80 tonnes. The AN-122 was a larger aircraft with up to 120 tons of payload and flight range of 2,500 km, while the An-122-KS was a tanker based on the An-122. Design work began at OKB Antonov from 1966 onwards. It provided for the installation of a defensive gun armament in the rear fuselage. The NK-20 engine (1967) remained in the project and An-22A with increased loading capacity was not implemented. Design developed in 1966 but did not enter production.

An-22A Antaeus heavy military transport aircraft

Revised in 1970-1971, serial version of the An-22, the An-22A passed state tests in 1972. The aircraft fuel system layout was changed, upgraded equipment, replaced by some units and the control system. In the course of modernization, in 1970 radio sight "initiative" was moved from the right fairing frame in the fuselage nose. AN-22A passed state tests in 1972. In 1974, a more sophisticated radar was added.

Aircraft in the light of the improvements made since the fifth series. The first serial An-22A (USSR-09320) flew July 31, 1973 to January 1976 at the Tashkent Aviation and Industrial Association. All the years of mass production (1965-1976) produced a total of 66 aircraft - 41 AN-22 and 25 AN-22A aircraft.

Antonov An-22 Amphibian

In the early 1960 the Antonov DESIGN BUREAU, in accordance with the decision on the development of amphibious transport for transportation of equipment and goods weighing up to 30 tons, including missiles and fuel, explored the possibility of establishing a land-based aircraft, the An-22 amphibians. It was intended for landing goods, including water, as well as to supply the submarines at sea, search and rescue, mine detection and destruction of enemy submarines.

Amphibian developed based on the "100" (An-22 prototype), the fuselage was equiped with maritime parts. The first version made with supporting floats (ski rope-lines) on the fuselage, one with a retractable wing floats. The aircraft was planned to be skiing and foil gidroassi (bow aquatic skiing, main bearings-two underwater wing). TSAGI had hydrodynamic tests on large-scale models 1:20, but the project went no further.


Search and Rescue (draft). Design developed in 1967 but did not enter production.

An-22-TPS / An-22PLO aircraft with anti-submarine defense

An-22R strategic air and missile system

In 1969-1970, in OKB-473 the designer O.k. Antonov with TsAGI NIIAS, AU and other Minaviaproma organizations research work was carried out to establish on the basis of heavy transport aircraft An-22 intercontinental aviation and missile system An-22R [cyrilic An-22P] with maritime ballistic missile. The aircraft fuselage was supposed to host the three vertically spaced and protruding above the fuselage ballistic missile launchers.

One option for the aviation and missile system An-22R provided for installation on an aircraft carrier missiles R-27 maritime missile complex D-5. Range monobloc RSM-27 was 2,500 km, starting weight of 14.2 tons. The D-5 missile system for ships of the NAVY missile was developed 4K10 for strategic objectives and hitting the ground with a rocket 4K18 to defeat surface ships of large tonnage. Work on the complex began in April 1962, according to the decision of the CM No. 386-179 dated April 24, 1962. The complex of the D-5 was adopted by decision No. 162-164 CM, signed in March 1968, but only with the missile R-27 (4K10). The bearer of the D-5 was PL Ave. 667A YANKEE, equipped with 16 missile launchers. On the basis of An-22R were conducted in-depth studies and project work was performed.

In the United States during this period was worked missile system based SLBMs "Polaris" and military transport aircraft "Lockheed C-5A" (project "Medusa"). In Russia, in turn, in the years 1972-1974 were carried out studies on the complex "MARK" monobloc SLBM based intercontinental missiles R-29 with a launch weight of 33.3 tons and military transport aircraft An-22 and An-124. It was subsequently elaborated in this complex use of upgraded versions of new SLBM R-29R and R-29RM, had intercontinental range and equipped with MIRV. Head developer KBM complex were led by Victor Makeev and KB Oleg Antonov.

On An-22 could be placed one missile type P-29R with three warheads, which had a launch weight of 35.3 tons, and the AN-124 was able to carry up to three of these missiles. On An-124 could be placed up to two missiles R-29RM with a launch weight of 40.3 tons, equipped with four warheads. Consider the establishment of a flying laboratory based on the AN-22 for testing air-launched missiles. However, the decision to establish it was not accepted.

KB Yuzhnoe and KB Andrei Tupolev study carried out by the complex "Merlin." It was envisaged that the Tu-160 bomber equip two new ASBMs (weight 24.4 tons, with six MIRV warheads). In the United States in the early 1970s, studies were carried out according to an embodiment airborne perspective MX intercontinental ballistic missile. At the same time the wide spectrum of possible carriers ICBMs, including existing aircraft "747", "Lockheed C-5A", "Douglas DC-10" (after appropriate modernization) and winged cars special design with a long flight, helicopters, amphibious aircraft, aircraft with shortened length of the take-off and landing.

An-22S / An-22PZ transport aircraft

When designing the rocket "Energia" there were examined various ways of transportation units, tanks, units, individual parts of the rocket and orbiter. Over-dimensioned designs second-stage block (above the fourth degree) and the ship forced the developers to turn to air means of transport. Examined the aircraft transporting the unit TS based on domestic aircraft Tu-95, An-22, An-124, IL-76 and Mya-3M. The TU-95 planes and IL-76 failed to provide the necessary capacity.

For the first time in domestic practice for transportation of oversized and heavy cargoes has adapted its Antonov DESIGN BUREAU's largest aerial truck An-22 antaeus, setting up his cargo fastening of various nodes fuselage. In 1981, the aircraft performed unique transportation outside of the cargo compartment of the wing new generation An-124 Ruslan from Tashkent to Kyiv. Then the plane transported redesigned aircraft An-225 "Mriya" weighing about 40 tons by modifying "Antey". The designers managed to solve many complex problems of stability and controllability of aircraft with cargo Sling such large dimensions and the possibility of negative aeroelastic phenomena. However, even the huge transport features "Anthea" proved inadequate to meet the challenges of transportation system "Energia-Buran".

Leadership of the Ministry directed Antonov to design a plane specially designed for transporting blocks of space systems. In response to a request from the aircraft designers attempted to modify the "Antey". In principle, such modification was possible in two directions: distribution of cargo on top of or inside the heavily "bloated" rear fuselage (the diameter increased to 8.3 m). The first way was promising in view of the complexity of track stability and controllability of aircraft in the presence of such a large external load, the second-An-22S - because strength and layout problems.

The choice was made in favor of upgrading 3 m at VM-t and the creation of a special aircraft An-225 "Mriya" based on the An-124.


Aircraft fuselage center section for extended up to 9.6 m (draft).

An-22 passenger aircraft

There was a draft for a passenger version of the Antonov An-22. The fuselage was 15 meters longer, with a double deck parlor at 724 seats with cinema, a bar, a mother-and-child room and sleeping compartments. The project remained on paper only, while in the fall of 1972, one of the "Anteev" carried out "passenger" flight-taking Soviet personnel from Egypt, it took 700 people on Board (which is as much as promised at the Paris Salon of Antonov, 1965).

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Page last modified: 22-03-2018 18:28:15 ZULU