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In 1959 the Bisnovat design team began work on the K-80 missile (Object 36 -- later called the R-40) as part of the the Tu-128S-4 interception system. This strategic air defense system consiste of the Tu-128 long-range interceptor fighter aircraft, a Smerch [Tornado] on-board radar set (the letter S in the system designation), and the R-4 missiles (the digit 4 in Tu-128S-4). Two variants of the R-4 missile were developed: the R-4R using a semiactive radar set with a PARG-10-88 homing head and the R-4T using infrared homing with the T-80NM seeker head. Apart from the Tu-128, only the Mikoyan E-152M experimental aircraft carried the R-4 missiles. The R-4 missile entered series-production in 1963, although significant development efforts remained, as was also the case with the Smerch radar set. In 1973 production began of the improved K-80M (R-4TM and R-4RM variants) for the Tu-128S-4M system, consisting of the Tu-128M aircraft, the Smerch-M radar set, and the R-4M missile. In the West the K-80 missile and its modifications are called The AA-5 Ash R-4 missile was withdrawn from service along with the remaining Tu-128 aircraft around the end of the Cold War.

Year 1961
Type medium-range missile
Modifications Infra-red guidance
Semi-active radar guidance
Wingspan 1.3 m
Length (SAR version) 5.3 m
Length (IR version) 5.2 m
Diameter 0.31 m
Launch weight 390 kg
Max. speed 1710 km/h
Maximum range (SAR version) 30 km
Maximum range (IR version) 15 km
Propulsion solid propellant rocket motor
Guidance passive infra-red homing with Cassagrain optics or semi-active I-band radar homing
Warhead high-explosive blast
Carried by Tu-128
Service USSR, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, East Germany, Poland.

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Page last modified: 02-06-2018 18:25:45 ZULU