Project 887 "Smolny" Training ship
Training ship "Smolny" Rank is the lead in a series of three ships of the project 887, which was built in Polish shipyard "Stocznia Szczecin imeni. Warski Adolf", commissioned by the Soviet Navy. The lead ship of the series is the "Smolny," commissioned April 23, 1974. The second - "Perekop", commissioned 30 September 1977. The third - "Hassan", was put into operation December 28, 1978, decommissioned 31 May 1998 and to cut the metal. This series was built as a large specialized training ships and intended for the passage of seamanship cadets Naval School of the USSR Navy.
Training ship "Smolny" was founded April 23, 1974, building No. 887/1. It launched on January 8, 1976. He came into operation June 30, 1976. He went into the Baltic Fleet. I had the following side numbers: 979, 972 (1978), 220 (1978), 235 (1982), 224 (1985), 230 (1988), 200 (1990), 210 (1994). The ship is equipped with modern radio and navigation equipment, it has a combat arms. For training classes provided for sealing, as well as classrooms, astronomical deck shestivselnye Yala, a compartment of the struggle for survival of the ship. 6 times voted the best ship of the Leningrad Naval Base, 8 times voted the best ship connections.
At the head of all the educational institutions facilities in St. Petersburg, socially, stood "The Society of Well-born Maidens," commonly known as the "Smolny Institute." It was one of those immense institutions in which Czarist Russia abounds, and which owed very much to the Empress Katherine II and to the Empress Marie Feodorovna, the wife of the Emperor Paul I. Peter the Great, who had a genuine mania for erecting summer palaces on every desirable plot, built one on the site of a former tar-burning works (SmoTnya). In the middle of the 18th, his daughter, the Empress Elizabeth, began the erection of a convent for orphans on this spot. Katherine II reorganized it and added an institution for girls, and the Emperor Paul I's wife enlarged it. Almost every one in Russia who was "well-born" could get his or her education at the expense of the government, or, for a very modest sum, in the government institutions.
The Communists had a sense of humor and even their sense of humor had a class angle. Smolny Institute was the Moscow headquarters of the Bolshevik Party during, prior to, and after the Russian revolution. The Smolny Institute was in the hands of the Petrograd Soviet by October 1917. The Mensheviki and the Revolutionary Socialists of the Right transferred their political activity to the Mary Palace, where the recently born Provisional Parliament was already in its death agony. Kerensky delivered before this Parliament a long speech, in which he sought to conceal his powerlessness behind the loud applause of the bourgeois factions and menacing cries raised against the Bolsheviki.
Steps were taken immediately to win over troops who were still irresolute, such as the Cossacks, the cavalry regiments, Semenov's regiment, the automobile corps. Commissaries and agitators were dispatched to these danger points, as well as to the Fortress of Peter and Paul dominating Petrograd. The efforts of the Bolsheviki were everywhere successful. The Smolny Institute was equipped with machine guns, and the Bolshevist leaders installed themselves on the third floor in a small corner room, where all reports were received, and whence all action was directed. The members of the Revolutionary Military Committee had not left the Smolny Institute the whole week; they lay on sofas, sleeping but little, awakened constantly by couriers, bringers of news, cyclists, telegraph messengers, and telephone calls.
Lenin, who had secretly left Finland and gone into hiding in the suburbs, came to the Smolny Institute on Oct. 25. That same evening a provisional session of the Soviet Congress took place. Antonov, who was directing the operations, arrived at Smolny. Amid utter silence he announced that the Winter Palace had been taken, that Kerensky had fled, and that the other Ministers had been arrested and brought to the Peter and Paul Fortress.
Operations - 2014
February 17, 2014, Smolny left Kronstadt for the first this year, navigator training campaign. For two days, the crew will make cross-database access the main base of the Baltic Fleet - the port of Baltiysk. February 20 arrived in the military harbor of Baltiysk after the cross-database transition from Kronstadt. February 25 came out of the main naval base of the fleet of Baltiysk and headed for the open sea. April 22 left Kronstadt on a long sea trip. The main objective of the campaign - conducting naval and navigational practices cadets of higher military educational institutions of the Russian Defense Ministry. April 25 came out of the main naval base of the Baltic Fleet of the Baltic and the city continued its long-range sea campaign for seamanship cadets of higher military and maritime training institutions of the Ministry of Defence.
April 28 made the transition through the Baltic and North Seas and entered the English Channel. According to the April 30, he made the transition through the Baltic and North Seas, passed the English Channel and entered the Bay of Biscay. May 5 has made a business approach to one of the largest ports in North Africa - Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria). On the night of 07 on May 8 has completed a program of business approach to Algiers port and out to sea to go to the place of permanent deployment - the port of Kronstadt. May 14 began the passage of the Straits M. Belt, B. Belt, ěresund, Kattegat and Skagerrak, connecting the North Sea with the Baltic. May 16 moored in the military harbor of Baltiysk after performing tasks far voyage. May 20 moored in the port of Kronstadt , having successfully carried out the task of continuing the voyage with the cadets on board. June 10 successfully completed a short-term repair in the South wall of the Kronstadt Marine Plant.
Operations - 2015
May 16, 2015 came in the "Hike of Memory and Glory" from Kronstadt. As reported on 19 May, together with the ship's crew in Baltiysk profit of more than 30 members of the St. Petersburg public organization of veterans of war, labor and armed forces that commit "Hike of Memory and Glory" in the Baltic Sea on board the training ship of the Leningrad Naval Base. May 22 returned to their places of permanent deployment of Kronstadt. After that, the crew will start to carry out tasks for the intended purpose - to ensure the tasks of naval and navigational practices cadets and students of naval institutions of Russia.
July 3 went on a long hike navigator from Kronstadt, Sevastopol through the Baltic and the North Sea, the English Channel and the Strait of Gibraltar, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. July 6 left Baltiysk and continued its long-range sea campaign for maritime practice of cadets of educational institutions of the Defence Ministry. As reported on July 8 carries out the passage of the straits Great Belt, ěresund, Kattegat and the Skagerrak, which are located between the Scandinavian and Jutland peninsula and connects the Baltic Sea to the North.
July 17 arrived in the port of Las Palmas (Spain), who left July 19th. August 3 went on a visit to the port of Malabo (Equatorial Guinea), who left the August 5 and headed to Las Palmas port (Spain). August 25 began to pass the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, and then released into the Black Sea, and will head for Sevastopol. August 26 , arrived at the main base of the Black Sea Fleet - Sevastopol, which will leave on September 3 with a new crew of cadets. September 3rd left Sevastopol and went to the new campaign. Late at night on September 3 left the waters of the Black Sea and the Bosphorus was, heading for the Mediterranean Sea. According to the September 18, concluded his visit to the port of Las Palmas (Spain), where he arrived 15 sentyayurya, and headed to the coast of Angola. September 29 , arrived on a business call at the port of Luanda (Republic of Angola), which runs until October 3. As reported on October 3 h avershil visit to the port of Luanda (Republic of Angola) and headed to the coast of Spain. As reported on 09 October concluded a business approach in Malabo port (Republic of Equatorial Guinea), where he arrived for a visit on 07 October, and headed to the coast of Spain. October 19 made a business call at the port of Las Palmas (Spain) where will stay until 21 October.
October 26 began the passage of the English Channel. October 29 arrived in Baltiysk after performing tasks far voyage. November 2 after the cross-database transition from Baltiysk arrived at the point of a permanent home - the port of Kronstadt, Leningrad Naval Base. On February 8, 2016 the ship passed dock repair at Kronstadt sea plant. According to the March 18, according to inspection completed hull and ship systems and components. July 3 arrived in the military harbor of Baltiysk after the cross-database transition from Kronstadt. July 7 came from the Baltic Sea and headed for Sevastopol. From 17 to 20 September he was on a visit in the port of Valletta, Malta. As reported on October 03, moored in the harbor of Baltiysk Military tasks after long voyage. October 6 came from the Baltic Sea and go on a long hike. As reported on October 14 came to the Mediterranean Sea.
October 20 , arrived in the port of Thessaloniki (Greece) to participate in the events dedicated to the memory of outstanding Russian naval commander Admiral Fyodor Ushakov, who left the 24 October and headed for the main naval base of the fleet - the port of Baltiysk. According to the November 10, was released from the Baltic Sea and headed the Leningrad naval base as part of a long voyage.
|Crew||The crew of 12 officers and 120 sailors. For training purposes the ship takes on board some 30 teachers and 300 students.|
|Displacement standard, tons||6120|
|Full displacement, tons||7270|
|Powerplant||2h8000 hp diesels "Zgoda Sulzer╗ 12ZV40 / 48, 4 DW 800 kW, 115 kW 1 DG.|
|Artillery||2 twin SU AK-726 76.2 mm caliber; 2 twin SU AK-230 caliber 30 mm.|
|Antisubmarine armament||2 RBU-2500 "Smerch".|
|The speed knots||20|
|Cruising range at 14 knots, miles||9000|
|Fuel capacity, tons||1050|