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Project 57 Krupnyy
Project 57A Kanin

According to Western sources, a total of 36 units of the Kotlin class were initially planned, though construction halted at 27 units, with four of the hulls initially laid down to the Kotlin design completed at Kildin missile destroyers, with an additional eight Krupnyy/Kanin missile destroyers built to a similar design. These ships were reclassified Large Missile Ships (Bol'shoy Raketny Korabl' BRK) on 19 May 1966. Between 1966 and 1977 the units of this class were all converted under Project 57A to replace the obsolete of the SS-N-1 Scrubber SSM with improved ASW capabilities. They were subsequently redesignated Large Anti-Submarine Ship (Bol'shoy Protivolodochny Korabl' BPK) by the Russians, and the Kanin class by the West. The last of the Kanin class destroyers were stricken in the early 1990s.

Tactical and technical requirements (TTZ) on the destroyer (EM), armed with jets, missiles KSSCH, Commander of the Navy Admiral of the Soviet Union Fleet NG Kuznetsov, approved July 25, 1955 December 30 next year in the CDB-53 were completed and work on the technical design under number 57bis (chief designer O. Jacob). The monitoring group for the design of the ship from the Navy initially headed colonel AT Il'ichev. * * In the future, re-issue documents UQ project 57 bis (or 57 b) as chief observer of the Navy signed an engineer-captain I rank MA Yanchevskii - senior military representative in CDB-53. However, the creative design work was already completed. This practice has existed for a long time: most of the project documents CDB-53 50-60s MA Yanchevskii signed, although in fact the main observing were other officers. Sam MA Yanchevskii led only pr. 41 and 56. February 26, 1957 the new Navy Commander Admiral SG Gorshkov, approving the project, made ??a number of comments, though not of a fundamental nature, but, however, need to re-design now contract the technical project. Recycling pr.57bis documentation has been completed June 26, 1958 goda.Osnovnym appointment of a new ship was considered "the destruction of enemy surface warships (battleships, cruisers, destroyers and transports large)", additional - "the use of complex reactive weapons KSSCH on shore facilities of the enemy." As another 56m in the development of the project it became clear that the placement of the two complexes KSSCH require the development of new housing than EM pr. 56 measured, 1st naval Institute (formerly CRI VC) in conjunction with CRI-45 (CRI them. Krylov) a significant amount of research has been carried out and made test series models in the towing tank. As a result, the new hull lines and elements theoretical drawing were mainly those in increasing scale 56 project. Table of theoretical drawings elements EM pr. 56 and 57 bis Characteristic project number 56 57-bis Length: greatest, Lmax, m 126.2 138.9 by KVL, Lkvl, m 118.0 130.0 Breadth, Bmax , m 12.8 14.84 Draught at design waterline, Tkvl, m 4.0 4.2 Board height: in the nose, Hh, m 12.2 13.2 amidships, Nm, m 7.4 7.7 in the feed, Hc, m 7.65 8.30 Block coefficient, 6 0.501 0,500 Displacement: standard, Dst, t 2667 3500 normal, Dn, t 2919 3850 total, Dp , t 3230 4200 The ratio L: B 9.52 9.35 B: T 3.10 3.31 L: Nm 15.9 16.9 L: Dn 8.25 8.28 Nm: T 1.85 1.83 Driving side view of a large missile ship (ave. 57 bis) A flush housing EM pr. 57 bis divided by bulkheads into 18 watertight compartments. In stormy weather, and the application of the adversary WMD personnel ensured passage to battle stations without going to the open deck. The case has gathered along the longitudinal system with a practical frame spacing along the entire length of the ship - 500 mm. The distance between the longitudinal beams for decks and platforms was 350-400 mm, on the outside plating - 400-450 mm, with the exception of the ice belt and aft, where it is reduced to 300 to 350 mm. cladding thickness ranged from 16 mm (sheer strake) 14, 12. 10, 8 and 6 mm, gradually thinning toward the extremities. Particular attention was paid to the design of the housing smooth change section of its longitudinal connections in order to prevent stress concentration in the areas of their termination. Add-ons are made of steel with a thickness of 3 mm to 6 mm, and the thickness of the bulkhead traverznyh missile launch stations reached 8 mm. As the superstructure. and the boiler casing fastened to the upper deck at the dumpling. In order to avoid buckling of the hull superstructure bow separated from the nose of the boiler casing half-meter gap. In the area of ??housing and feeding the boiler feed post prelaunch missiles (PPP) introduced two sliding compound. BRK_Proect_57_03.jpg BRK_Proect_57_04.jpg "Sharp" before and after modernization (pr. 57A) (photos from the collection of E. Ivanova) The principle position of fighting positions, weapons, machine-boiler plant, residential and office space, and basically, was saved the same as in EM pr. 56 with only minor changes associated with the placement of new weapons. This applies mainly to the torpedo tubes, which, as in the EM pr. 56m from the center plane were moved to the sides. Main power plant (GEMs) ship pr. 57 bis was also similar to the GEM on EM pr. 56 with slight changes due mainly to protect the requirements of weapons of mass destruction (PAZ and PCP) (the latter on the EM pr. 56 is not taken into account) . To this end, engine and boiler room were introduced airtight cabin with posts of permanent remote control. To maintain profitability GTZA at increased power requirement of economic moves (due to the increase in tonnage) require a change in turbine nozzle unit, as well as changes in the suction system and a pair of sealing their seals. Electricity vehicle system (ESC) for the first time had Z80V voltage, and power of each genset increased from 200 to 300 kW (turbogenerators remain the same power as in the EM pr. 56). Increasing the voltage from 220 to 380 it was dictated by the desire to keep the size of power stations, mainly by maintaining the length of the main switchboard (MSB) and prevent a sharp increase in electrical mass for the increased elektroenergopotreblenii. However, the full transition to the voltage to implement it was not possible (due to lack of the possibility of transferring to it a number of customers). Massa was very large step-down transformers -. 1 m power cable but with a lot of ESCs increased capacity has been reduced to 400 kg. When complete the transition to a voltage of 380 V it would give savings of about 8 tons (compared to the mass on the ESC EM pr. 56). The closed-loop coolers were installed machine and boiler rooms, electric fans more powerful and more productive neftepodogrevateli. The design of the boilers changed frame, cladding and an air unit, introduced their quick-disconnect mechanisms. As a result of the increased tonnage of the ship, the increased power consumption and increased capacity support mechanisms, specific fuel consumption for operational and economic moves (OEH) increased to 206 kg / mile (165 against - to the EM pr. 56). This cruising range of operational and economic progress (18 kt) was about 3000 miles from fuel stock 618 tons and full speed of 34.5 knots. Seaworthiness and stability of the ship were to ensure the safety of navigation, the ability to maintain the ride and handling, sufficient for maneuvering relative to the wind and waves in the open sea in all sea conditions and wind. To do this, the ship used active stabilizers in the form of a pair of board-driven steering wheels, which should provide a 2.4-3.0-fold moderately resonant pitching under normal displacement, 18-24 knot ground speed and sea state up to 5-6 . In addition, the envisaged size of the keels 650h34750mm cheek. Power drives and control equipment they have remained the same as in pr.56M, but the area of ??each board vehicles was increased from 4 to 5.6 m2, but, despite this, the multiplicity of moderating still decreased and amounted to 2.4-3.0 (EM, etc. on. 56-2,5-3,5). Due to the increased tonnage, ships etc. 57 bis of the ordinary conditions of habitability and petty officers of failed improve somewhat. On average, the sailor had 1.52 m2 area of ??the veins on the foreman - 2.2 m2. Autonomy reserves provisions almost doubled and amounted to 20 days., But "total" self-contained ship remained 10 days. If part of the shipbuilding project 57 bis was markedly different from the project 56, the composition of weapons he basically repeated 56m project with minor changes. As the main weapon on the ship was set KSSCH missile system. Two armored rotary starter (starting) the installation of closed type SM 59-1-tower with the standard ammunition for 6 missile installation placed in the fore and aft. Extras (in overload) for each installation could take another two missiles, one in the RFP, and one in the cellar, but in this case preclude the possibility of replacing a failed or faulty missile, if it turned out to ammunition. Management firing rockets carried the STS system "Topol". There was also the Reserve PUS "Cedar". From use on ships pr.56M system ( "Cypress") system "Topol" differed mainly more sophisticated computing devices, as well as the presence in its composition and in addition to pre-existing radar "Volley-Y" - sighting-ranging post (VDP), absent in the "Cypress". The system of "Cedar" was to include radar "Mast", however, the work on its creation was delayed and from ships, etc.. 57 bis it was installed only on the "cocky", and then only in a test sample. Reserve "Cedar" solved simplified shooting tasks only by sea targets under the direct radar visibility and reduced volume tasks. The basic system PUS provided salvo firing two launchers for a maritime or coastal targets or separate shooting for two different purposes, but in connection with "Cedar" system. The intervals between starts of rockets in a salvo is from 5 to 15 (? According to the archive of one of the plant-builders while preparing to launch a rocket KSSCH including dock fenders, refueling and prelaunch control, it amounted to 9 minutes!). It should be added. that the reliability of the targeting beyond the radar horizon envisaged (had reserved the necessary volumes) installation of equipment reception aviation remote post (Ka-15 or a plane) television broadcast "Pear", but the latest development is complete was not and weapons, of course, not I received. Accordingly, it could not fully function and remote air post, so eliminated the need for basing the helicopter. Artillery weapons on ships, etc.. 57 bis included four quadruple 57-mm machine ZIF-75 with two fire control radars "Foot-B" (placed on the roof of the chart room and on the aft superstructure), but the placement of machines was carried out by rhombic pattern that It gave omnidirectional firing angles and simplified management shooting. A staff ammunition in the cellar and the first shots Krantz was brought up to 800 rounds on the barrel. Changing the main dimensions of the ship, etc.. 57 bis, in particular, the width has strengthened torpedoes through the installation of 2 triple-tube torpedo TTA-53-57b for firing homing anti-submarine torpedoes "Raccoon" and dalnohodnymi torpedoes DBT. Fire control system was carried out putts "Sound-57bis", including According sonar HS-572. Reactive-bombing armament was represented by two units bombometnymi RBU-2500 control system "Smerch" and with a total of 128 jet ammunition depth charges (RGB-25) with manual loading. Plants were placed at the board in the area 61 of the frame. The radio engineering armament of the ship, except mentioned-fire radar include XY radar detection of surface and air targets, "Angara" (MP-300), the navigation radar "Neptune", the search radar and direction-finding work of the enemy radar (electronic intelligence station) "Mizzen-4A". Antenna positions listed stations placed on the foremast. There are radar antenna "Volley-Y". one of the two defendants "Chrome-K" and the interrogator "Nickel-K." On the mainmast housed antenna jammers operating enemy radar "Crab-11" and "Crab-12", the antenna of the second defendant "Chrome-To", there have been set aside areas for radar antennas "mast" and equipment "Pear", which and it has not been established. For this reason, mainmast architectural perceived "cyxoy", as it were, unnecessary construction. Sonar and radio communication arms ship pr. 57 bis nomenclature remained practically the same as in the previous project EM 56m. To protect against mnnno-torpedo weapons except towed acoustic guardians BOCA established chain guardian CSC-2-60, designed to protect the ship from the anchor pin min. The aft part of the ship was equipped with landing area for the helicopter Ka-15. The stock of kerosene and lubricants was designed for five helicopters flown. For pilots and technical staff took appropriate accommodations. However, the helicopter, build primarily for the benefit of targeting horizon missile system, it was unsuccessful due to the lack of equipment and broadcast "Pear" its purpose is not justified, therefore, in the ships of the project 57-bis virtually unused. Therefore, ships etc. 57 bis can be considered the first domestic vehicles with the standard air armament is rather arbitrary. Analysis of the main tactical and technical elements of the ship so forth. 57bis reclassified. Like his predecessor, EM, etc.. 56m, a large missile ship (RCU) does not give grounds to assert that it was a new step in the domestic shipbuilding industry, although he completed the evolution of destroyers 50s, started EM pr. 41. In the transition from project to project 41 56 fundamental changes undergone in fact the body only. Practically remained unchanged power plant and weapons. 56m project is kept unchanged and the housing and energy with completely new weapons. In the transition from project to project 56m 57 bis of the most significant change was the massive increase in the body at a constant power n armed with high voltage up to 380V ESC. If EM etc. 41 superstructure made of steel and ships, etc. 56 and 56m -.. From AMG, the draft 57 bis again returned to the steel superstructure. Since Project 56 ships include the active stabilizers and a 56m project - bilge keels. With the latest project becomes binding and the presence of the ships protection from weapons of mass destruction (PAZ, PCP). Even a purely external comparisons, architectural, torpedo and artillery EM pr. 56, etc., and RCH. 57 bis indicates the similarity of technological solutions and continuity of structural design. Despite the radically new weapons (KSSCH) RSC Prospect. 57 bis retained elegant swiftness inherent in classical destroyer. The high degree of unification of the ships is the fact that the lead ship, etc. 56 worth 24.2 million rubles, the head 57 bis, etc. -... 18.5 million rubles. Fourth (serial) EM, etc. 56 -. 11.4 million rubles, and the fourth, etc. RCH 57 bis 14.5 million rubles... (In prices of 1961). . The relatively high cost of the lead ship, etc. 56 due to its fundamentally new and higher cost serial RCU etc. 57 -. The high cost of new weapons (even distant counterparts this ship armament abroad was not at the time). Considering the progress of the design of these ships, it should be noted that even then (in the mid-50s) designers almost managed to realize one of the main shipbuilding concepts: basic housing and energy provide a multivariate function. Indeed, on the basis of pr. 56 in a short time it has been created virtually unified torpedo and artillery (ex. 56), rocket-drums (ex. 56m), anti-submarine (ave. 56 ASW) ships as well as air defense ship (pr. 56A) which served as the basis for the creation of surface warships future generations. Construction of ships, etc. 57 bis was deployed at three factories. According to the original classification (destroyers) they got the name, which had previously worn by many domestic fleet destroyers. Head - "Gremyashchy" together with the name and inherited the Guards naval ensign of his last predecessor - known destroyers, etc. 7, the difference in the Northern Fleet during World War II.. The main stages of construction of large rocket ships, etc.. 57 bis Plant construction, ship name (Head. Number) dates bookmarks descent entry into service Leningrad Shipbuilding Plant. Zhdanov "Gremyashchy" (771) 25.02.1958 Mr. 30.04.1959 Mr. 30.06.1960 Mr. "Burning" (772) 23.06.1958 Mr. 14.10.1959g. 23.12.1960 Mr. "Sharp" (773) 17.04.1959 Mr. 30.04.1960g. 30.09.1961 Mr. "Saucy" (774) 10.10.1959 Mr. 04.02.1960g. 30.12.1961 Mr. Plant them. 61 Communards "Furious" (1401) 16.11.1957 Mr. 30.11.1958 Mr. 10.01.1960 Mr. "Thrust" (1402) 21.09.1958 Mr. 30.06. 1959 12.03.1960 Mr. "Courageous" (1403) 04.02.1959 Mr. 15.12.1960 Mr. 26.09.1961 Mr. Plant them. Lenin Komsomol "Proud" (90) May 1959 24.05.1960 Mr. 06.02.1961 Mr. "Brave" (91) 1959 1961 Not completed * * The ninth ship of the series "Brave" 01.07.1963g. He was removed from the building and conserved, 25.01.1969g. reformed in power boat "ENS-73" and 11.03.1982g. the ship was handed over to Vtorchermet for dismantling, but then his body was set on a shelf in b.Bezymyannaya and was used as a target. New ships were a part of all four fleets and took an active part in carrying had just started military service. At the same time, the project's ships were worked out new systems, later introduced to new ships of other projects. So, on the "Furious" in the mid 60s. instead of radar detection of total MP-300 mounted head sample an improved radar MR-310, and the "cocky" - since the early 60's experienced radar "Mast". However, as a large missile ship they served a relatively short time. The lack of modern air defense systems, and most importantly, obsolescence KSSCH complex, in the late '60s put on the agenda the question of the future fate of these ships. In accordance with the concept of the construction of the surface fleet during the period, which provided for the priority development of anti-submarine ships, the decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers on April 30, 1965 (? 347-118) ordered to be converted etc. RCH. 57 bis in antisubmarine ships destination. June 23, 1965 Main Department of the Navy issued the shipbuilding Northern Design Bureau (previously - CDB-53) TTZ on technical design 57A. work on which was completed in November of the same year (Chief Designer VG prince, chief observer of the Navy engineer Captain 2nd Rank Platonov NS), and three years later the first converted at the Leningrad Shipyard. Zhdanov ship BOD "Gremyashchy" (new serial number 101) was transferred to the Navy. General arrangement drawings, etc. BOD. 57A In the course of upgrading the ship dismantled complex KSSCH half of artillery weapons, all the torpedoes and rocket-bombing, as well as part of the radio and sonar. To address one of the main tasks - ASW ship to set up two five-funnel torpedo PTA-53-1134 with anti-submarine torpedoes, and SET-65 putts "Groza-1134" system and three dvenadtsatistvolnye reactive-bomb installation RBU-6000 with a total 216 jet ammunition RSL-60 bombs and fire control system "Storm M-57A". Air defense tasks were to provide anti-aircraft missile complex M-1 "Wave" as a part of the twin-stabilized launcher ZIF-102 with an ammunition load of 32 missiles V-600 (4K-91), the control system "Scimitar", two 57-mm machine ZIF- 75 fire control system "Foot-B," and four 30-mm two-gun AK-230 with two radar fire control systems "Lynx" (MP-104) and ammunition 500 rounds on the barrel (the lead ship pr.57A was adopted these machines only after the transfer of the Navy). Aircraft armament was Ka-25PLO with specially equipped landing pad (10x12 m). Aviaboezapasy may have different accessories: 3 torpedo LT-1 or 12-PLAB 250-120 or 24 PLAB-50 or MC-144 PLAB. For the detection of submarines could be used 72 radiogidroakustncheskih buoys (RSL), backsight 12 bombs and 15 buoys radar transponders. Radar armament consisted of a common radar detection "Angara", but in MR-310 modification (three-axis design), two navigation radars "Volga" (instead of the removed "Neptun" radar). Also jammers "Crab 11" n "Crab 12" additionally installed two launchers decoy 311F-125 "Tertia" control system. The radio engineering armament supplemented by two radar ELINT type MCI-11-14. Antenna post stations placed on the foremast and the new bashennopodobnaya mainmast was reserved for the installation of the radar antenna firing "Scimitar" and "Lynx" radar two antennas. Detection of underwater targets carried out sonar "Titan-2" (MG-332), located in the nasal bulb fairing, made of titanium (because it had to be moved closer to the nose, both anchor fairlead and give the whole bow original form), sonar communication - sonar MG-26 with antenna in podkilnom fairing. In addition to the boat station was installed infrared detection of submarines by the heat of the wake (Mi-110P). To a large extent it has been strengthened and communications. After conversion, the ship had a radio transmitter 4, 10 radios, 7 radio stations. The number of connected antennas has increased to 17 (ave. 57 bis) to 23 (pr. 57A). Such a radical re-ship and required a redesign the interior, as well as alteration of the bow of the hull. The works did not concern the ICE space, power, space auxiliary boiler PEZH, steering gear compartment, officers 'n officers' cabins, mess-room and some minor buildings such as storage rooms, workshops and so on. N. The vast majority of the ship's systems, except for water spraying system irrigation gatherings mines also underwent a major change. The total capacity of electrical load increased to 2450 kW (ex. 57 bis) to 2650 kW, which required the replacement of diesel generators DG-300 DG-500 (500 kW) and the installation specifically for the CEO, "Titan-2" another of the same diesel -Generator. For parking conditions on the ship there was a diesel generator DG-200, "disappeared" from the ships still in the draft 56. Serious attention was paid when retrofitting underwater noise reduction. At the same time it has been increased and the supply of fuel. Improve the conditions of habitability personnel (air conditioning in the cabin, and others.) As a result of the modernized, has a large anti-submarine ship (pr. 57A) only very vaguely resembled the former RSC Prospect. 57bis (see. TTX ). Following the "rattling" (29.12.1968g.) To plant them. Zhdanov was modernized "Burning" (Head. Number 102 10.01.1969g), which came into operation in 1969. Behind him, with the same interval of one year, have been handed over the fleet "Saucy" (Head. Number 103, 22.04.1972g), "Sharp" (Head. number 104 31.12.1971g), "Courageous" (Head. number 105 06.04.1973g). All five ships were part of the Northern Fleet. On Dalzavod were modernized "angry" (30.12.1973 city), "Proud" (1975) and "Thrust" (03.02.1978g.). These three BOD joined the Pacific Fleet The conversion has been very expensive and time-consuming, the cost of the works for the first ship to plant them. Zhdanov was ok. 7.3 million rubles., Serial-ok. 6.4 million rubles, according to Dalzavod -. 9.5 and 9.0 million rubles. None of the ships of the Navy of the USSR similar in terms of modernization n conversion subsequently not been subjected to any more. . Large anti-submarine ships, etc. 57A intensively exploited by fleets in the 70's - early 80-ies. Ships in service (before and after modernization) took part in official visits, "Courageous" -OAR (1966), Guinea, Nigeria (1969), Norway (1973-74gg) and the US (1975). "Angry" - Ethiopia ( 1967-68gg), Yemen, Mauritius (1969), Morocco (1968.), Canada (1976). "Proud" indene (1968-69gg), "Sharp" - Norway (1973-74gg.), Guinea-Bissau (1979), "Burning" - Norway (1971 1977gg), the Netherlands (. 1971), United States (1974 ), France (1977), "Gremyashchy" -cube (1970.), Norway, the Netherlands (1971), "Thrust" -Zanzibar (1969.), Maldives, Iraq, Iran, Tanzania, Somalia (1969), "Saucy ". -cube (1973) During the second half of the 80s, but as the withdrawal of vessels from the Navy staff, some of them were used for research purposes (" Gremyashchy "- as the OS-315), and the rest transferred to be scrapped. At the same time sold for dismantling in Portugal "Courageous" 14.11.1988g. during towing was a storm ripped off with the tug and thrown on the stones at o.Skogsoyya (Norway). Attempts to remove him were unsuccessful, the ship went on board and sank in shallow water. "Burning" was dismantled in 1988. El Ferrol (Spain), "Proud" in 1989. after exclusion from the Navy list was used as a target and was sunk in the Bering Sea raketami.Ostalnye cruise ships are excluded from the lists in 1987-90gg., also were sold for scrap. Ships of the project 57 but essentially put the last point in the history of a whole generation of surface warships domestic fleet launched EM "Intrepid" (Prov. 41) , which first embodied in our fleet a number of radically new and practically implemented technical solutions, such as flush-body architecture, higher steam parameters (ex. 41) and high voltage ESC (ex. 57 bis). On these ships first established active stabilizers (pr 56m.) And worked out anti-nuclear issues and anti-gas protection (pr 56m.); radically changed weapons, including in its composition impact protivokorabelyyue missile (pr. 56m) and controlled by an anti-aircraft missile (ex. 56K), as well as aviation (EM "Bright" pr. 56 n, etc. RCH. 57 bis). At the same time the design of ships, etc.. 57 bis has shown that technical solutions laid down in the first post-war projects, completely exhausted. For the new generation of ships needed new technical approaches. [ Up one level ] [description, history of establishment and services] [ name and date ] [ TTC ] [ photos and pictures ] Rated by PING SpyLOG Rambler's Top100 hit counter Yandex citation ??????. ??????? The site is managed by the system uCoz

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