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Project 41 Destroyers

Home / Consumables fleet material. The destroyers of the USSR and Russia. AN Sokolov / destroyer of the project 41 Destroyer Project 41 Ships pr. 30bis and previous projects have been replaced by more sophisticated destroyers pr. 41 involves the construction of 110 units. Of the eight options to choose, of course, two-towered. The third series of building destroyers provided new destroyers pr. 41 in the amount of 110 units. In 1950, construction began on the four destroyers of the project in the Leningrad and Molotovsk. New in this series was the use of a new type of power plant with automated boilers that produce steam elevated parameters (pressure 64 kg / cm2 instead of 27 kg / m2). Fundamentally new was the artillery weapons. It included two twin 130-mm universal stabilized semi-decked tower artillery units, as well as 45-mm machine guns, radar-controlled fire (radar type "Anchor" and "Foot-B"). However, despite a number of benefits and new technical solutions, relatively large displacement (3830 m) for this class of vehicles, construction vehicles, etc. Series. 41 was taken. On the basis of this project, there was the development of em "Fearless", a new version of the destroyer pr. 56. Create a new destroyers pr. 56 resulted in the development of mass-produced vehicles based on the technical idea implemented in em "Fearless", while maintaining all weapons uh ave. 41. The ship was supposed to be a landmark. Arming it was almost all new. And most importantly, it was the only one we have a project which was originally given displacement margin for possible future modernization. The dimensions can be determined and the third tower of the main fire, and that is perfectly demonstrated CDB-53, in its preliminary study. The Government has approved the terms of reference in June 1947, work has been entrusted to CDB-53. Chief Designer was appointed V.A.Nikitin. The complexity of the work was the fact that most of the weapons were in the development stage. The technical project was approved in September 1949, after which the GCC ?190 began to build a brain destroyer, named "Fearless." Bookmark held July 5, 1950 Since December 1950 the GCC number 190 and 402 began construction of the installation of a series of four destroyers pr. 41. The ship turned vysokobortnym, with a minimum number of add-ons. For the first time all the transitions were carried inside the vehicle. Tactical and technical data were as follows. Full displacement - 3830 tons, standard - 3010 tons Dimensions:. Length - 134 m, width - 13.6 m, draft - 4 meters Power boiler and turbine installation 2. X 32 100 hp The speed of 33.55 knots. The cruising range of 5210 miles at a speed of 14 kt and 1,000 miles at full speed. Autonomy 20 days. The crew of 305 people. The ship has been installed a new type of power plant. Produces steam elevated parameters. Main propulsion echelon placed in two compartments, separated by intermediate compartments, which significantly increases the survivability of the ship. New was all artillery weapons ship. But the main gauge was not exactly tower. 130-mm artillery CM 2-1 were decked-tower, ie, open back. This was done to facilitate installation. Painfully they get us hard. The development of these facilities began in 1943, they passed the state tests in 1950 and 1951. Two such plants were installed at pr. 41 "Fearless", where the ship's trials in early 1955 have been carried out, the system was put into service in 1957 The guidance system performed automatically or semi-automatically according to the stations' Foot-N "and" M-Anchor "related STS" Sphere-56 ". The first radar fire control was provided not only for the 130-mm guns, but for 45-mm machine SM-16. During the construction of the radar was installed "Foot-B", which was later replaced, as well as twin machines SM-16 was replaced by quad SM-20-mill, which significantly increased the ship's air defense. Torpedo and anti-submarine weaponry was almost the same as on the destroyers, etc. 30bis only sonar installed a new -. Such as "Pegasus". Subsequently two RBU-2500 were installed. Officially install SM-16 were not accepted. State tests of the SM-20 ZIF conducted destroyer pr. 41 "Fearless" in 1955, taken into service in 1957. In total, the ship was found four machine. On a destroyer, two quad 25mm BL-120 machine (Lavrenti Beria) have also been established, which in 1953 was renamed as 4M-120. They were developed for the heavy cruisers pr.82, but then the two of them were installed in 1954 on the destroyer "Fearless", where they were held state tests. After a few years these settings from the ship removed because they are not in mass production went. Lapping of the ship took place is difficult. The tests began in January 1952, during which revealed a shortage of capacity of the power plant, hence the reduction in the planned rate, reducing cruising range. Identify gaps in the layout of the complex azimuth - occurred in some modes of cavitation screws. After all sorts of improvements that, in other matters, it is natural for all projects pr.41 "Fearless," the ship was delivered to the Navy in January 1955 By this time, the leadership Minsudproma much lost interest in the project. There were complaints against him too much displacement, which was considered unacceptable when large-scale construction. You might think that the cost of construction of the ship is determined primarily by the amount of consumable metal on his body, and not the filling. It has been proposed to reduce the displacement of 30%. Politburo decision (read - Stalin) in April 1951, it was decided to restrict the construction of only one ship and move to a smaller version of the conservation of the same weapons. At the same time it agreed to reduce the cruising range at 30% and the autonomy of up to ten days. In any case, it was decided to consider so on. 41 "Fearless" experienced ship design destroyer smaller displacement. Thus misses the opportunity to craft a unique platform suitable for further rearmament under the new technology (rocket), ensuring a long life to this beautiful ship. The other four ships were removed from the building, the existing structure demolished. Эсминец проекта 41 "Неустрашимый" But it was a great ship with a great capacity of modernization. The fact that the Americans are building their ships at once lay in the design of an additional 15% free space for possible future upgrades. We have the same about this one never even thought of. To reduce the size of displacement ships squeezed to such an extent that the construction is not always breaks even what was intended, since the entire apparatus is usually increased during development both in size and in the nomenclature. And the modernization, which at that time still did not think there were unresolved issues. @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Project 41 "Fearless" TO MAIN G Photo: Displacement: normal: 3010 tons. total: 3830 tons. Dimensions: length: 133.83 meters. width: 13.57 m. draft: 4.4 meters. Speed: maximum: 35.5 knots. economic: 17.9 knots. Range of travel: full swing: - "" - "" - Economic progress: 5210 miles Engine's type: twin-shaft turbine plant with capacity of 100,000 hp Autonomy: - "" - "" - Armor: the main command center (which included flying bridge and wheelhouse, chart house, BIP, cutting communications and vnutrieskadrennoy shifrpost), boiler shells, GC Tower, anti-aircraft machine guns - were protected homogeneous anti-shatter armor of medium hardness from 8-10 to 20 mm. Spare gearbox located on the aft boiler casing Armament: 2x2 - 130 mm guns of the Civil Code "SM-2-1" (ammo: 400 rounds in two cellars and 50 shots in two fenders). 4x2 - 45 mm anti-aircraft machine "CM-16" (8000 ammunition rounds for 4000 on two units). 2x4 - 25 mm anti-aircraft machine "4M-120" (20,000 ammunition rounds on all instruments). 2 five-funnel 533 mm TA. 6 bombom?tov "BMB-2" and 2 stern release gear (total of 105 GB). It could take up to 48 sea mines "Crab". During the operation of anti-aircraft weapons and bombom?tnoe was replaced by: 4x4 - 45 anti-aircraft machine "SM-20 mill." 2 jet bombom?ta "RBU-2500." Crew: 305 people. With the beginning of the "Cold War" The Soviet Union was in a position of an outcast. Sea sole control of the US Navy, to counteract it in the Soviet Navy lacked modern warships in this connection in 1947 under the direction of prominent shipbuilder VA Nikitin project destroyer number-41 was developed. For the first time in the domestic fleet he had a smooth deck and a minimum number of add-ons. Habitability ship also was sacrificed to anti-nuclear protection. But in general, this ship was a big step forward in the domestic shipbuilding. The whole project was supposed to build 41 110 (!!!) ships of this type. But it is not without its "fly in the ointment." First of all, disappointing ride quality and the range of the destroyer was 10% less than planned. There were other disadvantages including stabilization GC instruments, the accuracy of their shooting is poor. But the most important factor to lift with the construction of steel buildings have already pledged their size. At that time the domestic industry has been unable to build such a large series of ships. There was an order to withdraw from the construction of all housing is already laid, and in their place lay on a series of destroyers project 56 . "Fearless" - (serial number 614). 15.03.1950 was enrolled in the lists of the Navy ships and 05.07.1950 was laid at the plant number 190, launched on 29.01.1951, entered into service, the 31.1.1955 (final adoption by the industry of 27.12.1957) . 26.07.1955 was included in the 4th Navy ships Like other teams -. EM pr.30bis, "forty-one" actively swimming, rarely appearing in the eyes of the public-Leningrad again we saw him at the parade in May 1960 Coming out of Baltiysk in February 1958, "Fearless" made ??a trip around Denmark, returning to their home base. In summer, the ship set off on its first long march. After passing the Great Belt, the Kattegat and the Skagerrak, in June EM reached the shores of "Albion", then past the Faroe Islands has risen to the island of Jan Mayen, from down in the Norwegian Sea in the area of the Orkney Islands. Then along the coast of Norway went into the Barents Sea, after finishing the first part of the transition in Severomorsk. The "capital" of the Northern Fleet, "Fearless" was not late, returned back to Baltiysk in late July. Already in August, the ship again left the Baltic Sea, passing through the Sound to the Shetland Islands. Rounding them, "Fearless," reached the 55th parallel, accompanying the ship "Equator". Instead of four AU CM-16 "Fearless" was the same number of quad antiaircraft machine SM-20-ZIF. The number of 45-mm shafts thus doubled. In the main-Mars took its place differ slightly in appearance from the prototype radar antenna series "Fugues-H", and on the decks fore and aft add-ons for specific sites - quite unlike predecessors UP tracking radar "Foot-B." With an average superstructure disappeared by the time taken from the arms of 25-mm automatic 4M-120. Instead, as decommissioned mortars on the quarterdeck pobortno installed two 16-barrel rocket decked bombometnyh installation RBU-2500. GAS "Pegasus-2" has given way to an improved model - "Pegasus-2M". Release gear below deck eliminated, mine ramps shifted closer to the AP. Due to the transfer of the forward bulkhead aft compartment previously occupied release gear, we have increased cockpit ?8, which made ??it possible to place an additional 5 people in it. In the fore- and main-masts were AP IFF equipment "Nickel-K" and "Chrome-K." On SPN-500 AP instead of radar "Anchor-M" set the "Anchor-M2", apparently has several large dimensions, and on the side walls of the base station positions SPN mounted electronic intelligence "mast U-4". Dismantled was decommissioned teplopelengator "Sun", a seat installed aerial navigation radar. Ended changes to the exterior of the ship appeared next to the mast on the fore and aft superstructure is not very aesthetic, but absolutely necessary cuttings, which are high-frequency radar units "Reef" and "Foot-H." On the EM there was not envisaged by the project of modernization and installed aboard by special decision of the Navy and SMEs "omoryachennaya" Military radar P-10, designed to fill in some gaps in the capabilities of "naval" stations. Implementation of modernization works on the "Dreadnaught" did not differ increased intensity, because in this period the command of the Navy was more concerned about the fate of numerous serial EM. Only followed in November 1960 a reduction of the ship composition somewhat weakened download Navy dockyards, but at the same time there is a need to carry out conversion of a large number of ships that also distract considerable forces and means. Meanwhile, spending in the factory wall almost year and a half, the hero of our story the early spring of 1960 he returned to active duty. In May, off in the parade on Nevsky raid - condition of the vehicle after the repair was excellent, and so it was sent to Leningrad, - "Fearless" is back in the Baltic and began preparations for a serious test ocean. By August, the EM was ready for a new long march. This time he had to "visit" the Mediterranean Sea. In August, the "Dauntless" left Baltiysk, came through the English Channel into the Atlantic, heading for Gibraltar. Having passed the strait, the ship entered the Mediterranean Sea. Sunset in the Black Sea and Sevastopol was not planned, so after a short stay in the Mediterranean waters "Fearless" around Portugal by Bizkaia made ??the transition to the English Channel, and before September returned to Baltiysk. In September 1960, in the biography of the ship, which was then commanded by Captain 3rd Rank B.V.Ivanov, there was an episode which should tell you a little more. When at the XV session of the UN General Assembly directed the Soviet government delegation. Chairman of the USSR Nikita Khrushchev decided across the Atlantic "to go by sea" - either did not trust his precious life, "Aeroflot", or want to experience the charm of a sea voyage. To deliver high passenger intended turboelektrohod "Baltika", which support the Atlantic Ocean was entrusted to the CEF ships. Among these ships turned and "Fearless." September 9 "Baltic", taking on board Khrushchev and his entourage, came out of the Baltic Sea to the escort of warships. Three days of "Fearless" was a turboelektrohodom, accompanying him to the British Isles, even a few more -up to the 7th degree. ZD. All participants of the "operation" after returning to Baltiysk received colorful "decorated" the masters of all trades of the political department of the Navy "letters" in which, in particular, read: "... For the successful execution of the task of the USSR Council of Ministers Chairman of NS Khrushchev announced gratitude to all officers, officers and sailors, including you and, in the telegram: "The commanders of escorting ships, officers and sailors. I express my gratitude for the support and wish you a happy voyage and a safe return home. Khrushchev, September 12, 1960. " In 1962 "Dreadnaught" planned overhaul of May 21, the destroyer stood against the wall of the shipyard "Tosmare" in Liepaja, which he was able to leave just before the onset of 1964 - 23 December 1963 following three years, returning in the BEM KBF "Fearless" is again actively swim - until October 1967, when the newly started overhaul of the ship. January 6, 1969, after passing through the channel connecting the waters of the plant "Tosmare" with the waters of the Gulf, EM went from Liepaja to Baltiysk. Until the autumn of 1969 "Fearless" was part of the 176th BEM and still based in the Baltic. In October, EM, recent years have not often go into the sea, was the first and last "combat" damage. During scoring shooting brigade "Fearless" towed artillery shield. Shot EM 56th "hastily" project. Released their 130-mm round hit the bottom in the area of freeboard aft superstructure and went right through, leaving the body through-hole. Fortunately, none of the crew members was injured. In the summer of 1970 the Navy of the Polish People's Republic celebrated its 25th anniversary. At the invitation of the Polish Navy Command in June, a detachment under the command of the Baltic Fleet ships First Deputy Navy Commander Admiral V.A.Kasatonova paid a visit to Poland. In the squad, besides the flagship - the school of the KR "Kirov" (commander - Captain 1 rank V.P.Makarov) and TFR was included and "Fearless", commanded by Captain 2nd rank V.M.Demkin. For EM it was the last foreign trip. Anniversary of the Revolution "Fearless" has met in Liepaja. Some time EM was a member of the new task force - ship missile brigade, based at Baltiysk. In autumn 1972 EM translates into 166 Brigade training ships DKBF based on Kronstadt. On the ship's brigade was a very powerful connection. It included then 8 units .: 3 KR - "Kirov", "Zheleznyakov" and "Admiral Ushakov"; 2 new training ship specially constructed pr.1886U - "Borodino" (command ship crews) and "Hanko"; TFR "Bars" (pr.50) and 2 nautical TIH pr.266 (for comparison formed on the Baltic Sea in January 1971 the 12th Division had 15 warships). Together with the "undaunted" in training ships brigade crossed the Kyrgyz Republic "Komsomolets" and ( "Zheleznyakov" and "Admiral Ushakov" returned to the combat strength of the BF. The remaining 2 years of his life, "Fearless" Kronstadt left wall only "serving a number" on parade in Leningrad (Kronstadt for the eyes called the ship "Neuhodimym" returned to life ironic nickname given EM in the factory more than 20 years ago). The last time the "Fearless" has appeared on the Neva River in the autumn of 1973. Upon returning to Kronstadt ship was January 25, 1974 decommissioned fleet, was the preservation and stood up to one of the quay walls. As it turned out, not for long. A month later (Feb. 22 - as a kind of gift to the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy), Moscow sent a "verdict": ship to disarm and to "eliminate" the established order. Sailors and workers of Kronstadt Marine Plant, swearing and cursing bad word bosses, which demanded only a month ago to preserve the ship by all the rules - "for centuries", began to dismantle weapons, armaments, secret equipment. In mid-April there was the dismantling of the EM team. Even more, the "Fearless", transferred to the Department of the stock of property stood in complete desolation. But long-suffering ship managed to once again render the service fleet, although somewhat unusual way. On board EM Central Studio of the Ministry of Defence conducted survey of educational film on the struggle for survival. The upper deck is currently raging fire, which, although it was successfully extinguished in accordance with the script, almost completely destroyed the superstructure. Soon the ship was towed to Leningrad, from Kronstadt - by Turuhtannye Island, Coal Harbour Leningrad Forestry port, where it has stood for a long time waiting for the metal cutting based on "Glavvtorchermeta".



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Page last modified: 10-04-2019 11:56:16 ZULU