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2S25M Sprut-SDM1 Self-Propelled Anti-tank Gun

2S25M "Sprut-SDM1", which is a deep modernization of the 2C25 "Sprut-SD" system ("Object 952"), developed by the Design Bureau of the Volgograd Tractor Plant and released in 2005-2010 at this enterprise in small quantities for the Russian Airborne Troops. In contrast to the 2S25 Sprut-SD, which used a chassis close to BMD-3 / BMD-4, the new 2S25M Sprut-SDM1 self-propelled guns for components and parts of the chassis, as well as the engine and transmission compartment (with diesel engine) UTD-29) is unified with the BMD-4M airborne combat vehicle launched by serial production at Kurgan Machine-Building Plant OJSC (part of the Tractor Plants Concern). The Sprut-SDM1 has a modern fire control system that is approximately the same as that used on the T-90M (T-90SM) tank and includes the 24-hour panoramic sight of the Falcon Eye commander and a new gunners sight with a thermal imaging channel. Sights are equipped with an automatic target tracking. It is also reported that "the machine is equipped with a software and hardware complex that allows you to integrate the machine into a single system with tactical link management."

The SPTP 2S25M Sprut combat vehicle is arranged according to the classical scheme with the front location of the control compartment, the middle - the combat compartment with the placement of weapons and crew in a rotating turret and rear - MTO. The commander and gunner are placed in a tower in a fighting position; when landing and in the stowed position, they are located on universal seats in the control compartment to the right and left of the driver. Of course, the SPTP 2S25M Sprut is not able to completely replace the main battle tanks, but the relatively small mass, high air mobility and the possibility of landing from air or from the sea make it indispensable for the quick reaction forces in modern armed conflicts. Work on the creation of such equipment is carried out in different countries, but only in SPTP 2S25M "Octopus" for the first time in world practice, designers were able to successfully combine an airborne weapons system with the firepower of the main battle tank. Most foreign developments in this area are equipped with weapons, albeit of "tank" calibers, but of low ballistics.

One of the main differences of the new machine is its guided weapons complex (KVV) with the latest missile capable of destroying even a tank with dynamic protection in the form of containers with explosives hung over conventional armor at a distance of up to 6 thousand meters. The new self-propelled gun received an upgraded missile fired through the barrel of the gun and created on the basis of the Invar-M shot. The leading cumulative charge is located in the bow of the rocket and provides overcoming dynamic protection, including that performed in the integrated version. The main cumulative charge directly affects the target. To defeat fortified engineering structures, a variant of a missile with a high-explosive thermobaric warhead has been developed.

A modernised version of the Sprut-SD self-propelled gun for the Russian Airborne Forces will be released by the end of the current year, First Vice President and co-owner of Concern Tractor Plants (CTP) Albert Bakov told TASS on 14 May 2015. "The Sprut-SD gun modernisation is in full swing. Im sure well be able to complete the work this year," the CTP representative said. Bakov said that the upgraded gun will have better protection and mobility, and its fire control system will surpass the T-90 tank system.

Previously, CTP intended to launch the production of trial samples of the modernised Sprut gun in the fourth quarter of 2014. The research and development contract was concluded in late 2013.

State tests of the self-propelled antitank gun 2S25M Sprut-SDM1 with the new engine, armor and fire control system will begin in 2019. This was on 05 December 2018 told reporters at the Russian Defense Ministry. "In early 2019, before adopting the Airborne Forces (Airborne Forces), the modern self-propelled artillery system designed to fight tanks will be tested at several test sites of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

During 2019, tests were planned for the Sprut-SDM1 self-propelled anti-tank gun 2S25M with a new engine, armor, fire control system, sighting equipment with improved characteristics and communications equipment integrated into a single tactical level control system, "the Defense Ministry said. The ministry noted that this is one of the first modern developments created in the interests of the artillery and anti-tank units of the Airborne Forces, which will significantly increase the survivability and firepower of the landing force.

The further fate of the combat vehicle would depend on the results of state tests. "The prototypes of the 125 mm self-propelled antitank gun 2S25M Sprut-SDM1, developed by the Volgograd machine-building company, are ready for their passage," the state corporation said 07 January 2018. At Rostec, it was clarified that now "an appropriate program is being prepared in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, tests are scheduled for 2019." Earlier, the commander of the Airborne Forces, in whose interests the combat vehicle was developed, Andrei Serdyukov said that the Sprut-SDM1 state tests would begin in December 2018.

Further orders for the SPRUT SDM1 were rejected by Russian forces after the induction of only 24 units & a new light airborne tank is under development based on the 2S42 LOTOS platform.




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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:22:19 ZULU