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Project 20382 Tiger Corvette

Project-20382 "Tiger" corvette is a ship for acting in the near sea zone against ships and submarines, for supporting landing troops, and against air targets. The corvette is equipped with Uran anti-ship missiles. Kashtan antiaircraft missile system, and Ka-27 helicopter. The "Tiger" corvette's baseline is project-20380 Steregushchy ["Guardian"] corvette, which entered Russian naval forces' combat strength in 2008. Experts estimate one export "Tiger" corvette at about $120-150 million. Primarily South-East Asian countries, as well as Venezuela and Qatar are interested in the corvette.

A wide range of products of the Russian defence industrial complex is represented at the international exhibition of naval machinery and weapons Euronaval'2004, which opened at Le Bourget near Paris on 24 October 2005. The Russian chief delegate made special note of the latest Project 20382 Tigr corvette, featuring Stealth technology.

In September 2005 Russia named the first potential customers of the corvette Tiger, project 20282. The countries mentioned after IMDS-2005 were India, China, Vietnam, Iran, Indonesia, Kuwait, Algerias, and Egypt. The export version has few differences from the Russian version. It has the same construction and the architecture of the systems. The peculiarity of the ship is that it is built on a module system. This is a totally new principle in the Russian shipbuilding which allows for fast and easy repair and upgrade.

The designer CMKB Almaz suggests different options of the ship. Instead of the Russian 100mm AK-190M it is possible to fit Otto-Melara 76mm. The main ship is to be fitted with four Russian diesels. Two work at cruise speed, two more are switched to gain the max speed of 26-28 knots. Two pair of diesels instead of diesel-turbine give 1.5 times less fuel consumption. German MTU diesels are offered as an option. Zarya-Mashproject gas turbines will also be fitted on some ships. 20380(2) will be able to carry 12 tons helicopter.

After experiencing the Western military equipment embargo, Admiral Slamet Soebijanto turned to the East for possibilities. In September 2005, the Navy Chief of Staff and his team visited Russia to explore the purchase of warships from Rosoboronexport, Russia's armament industry. The navy's Strategic Plan for 2003-2013, created by Soebijanto's predecessor Bernard Kent Sondakh, included the purchase of four Sigma Class corvettes from Holland. The plan was already approved by the House of Representatives (DPR). The four ships were to be purchased in two stages-the first in 2003. The Dutch government provided export credit facilities. The first two ships were currently being constructed and were expected to be ready in 2007.

After the presentation of the project 20382 Tiger Corvette, an export variant of the project 20380 Steregushchiy (Guardian) Corvette, a number of participants of the International Naval Salon held in June 2007 in St. Petersburg, there was some customer interest in it. Rosoboronexport (Russian Defense Export State Corporation) was working actively in this direction and hoped to have some particular contracts by the summer of 2008.

On 29 June 2007, at the 3rd International Naval Exhibition in St. Petersburg, Rosoboronexport's First Deputy Director General Vladimir Pakhomov and Indonesian Naval Forces Commander Admiral Slamet Subijanto signed a contract agreement on the design and construction of project-20382 "Tiger" corvettes for Indonesia's Navy. Later a firm contract would have to be signed, fixing the terms for the project's implementation and the number of ships to be built.

Rosoboronexport said "The agreement envisions further cooperation on the design and construction of corvettes modeled on [Russia's] Project 20382 Steregushchy ship for the Indonesian navy," the agency said in a statement at a naval show in St. Petersburg. The sides agreed to sign an official contract on the corvette construction in the near future. The contract was said to stipulate that the first vessel would be built in Spain [??] and later fitted with weaponry and electronic equipment at a shipyard in St. Petersburg.

The corvette hulls would be built in Spain according to Russia's design. There they would be equipped with engines and navigation equipment. The corvettes would sail under their own power to Severnaya Verf, where communication equipment, radio-electric equipment, armaments and other systems would be installed.

It was Indonesia that required the corvette's hull to be built in Spain. Rosoboronexport agreed to this plan in order to gain access to Indonesia's naval market. Spain had been successfully working at Indonesia's defense market for a long time. Thus it was said to be easier for Rosoboronexport to promote Russian ships to Indonesia thru Spain. Spain had not initially chosen the dockyard for building the corvettes.

Russia's Ministry of Industry and Energy believed that such international cooperation could delay the contract's signing and implementation. It would be necessary to obtain numerous licenses for supplying the corvettes' design data to Spain, and this would require solving issues of intellectual property rights, commercial and state secret protection,. Russia already had a positive experience suppling India with of ing European and Israeli electronic systems installed on Russian Su-30MKI fighter jets, and Russian fire system "Smerch", onto Czech Tatra trucks. However, these projects were difficult to implement due to the substantiall amount of coordination work required.

By mid-2007 Rosoboronexport State Corp., the Moscow-based state intermediary arms-trade agency, was briefing Algeria, Indonesia, the United Arab Emirates and Singapore on the new Project 20382 Tigr. At present, corvettes are employed by 30 nations while only 7 nations are capable of building them. Estimated market capacity as concerns such ships for 20 years to come is USD 9.5 billion.

As of 2010 Russia was missing from the list of potential suppliers for Algeria's planned acquisition of four frigates, and in early 2012 the Algerian Navy signed a 2.176 million (US$2.886 million) contract with Germany's ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) for MEKO A-200 class frigates.



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