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Project 1596/1596.6 Komandarm Fedko class

Strangely, India and China operate large underway replenishment ships that are step-sisters, both purchased from the former Soviet Union in the early 1990s. The Project 1596.6 Komandarm Fedko class underway replenishment class is very poorly attested. This is not surprising, given the fact that work began on the first unit only a few months before the fall of the Berlin Wall. This series of 28,400 ton ships should not be, but frequently is, confused with the earlier and slightly smaller [27,480 tons DWT] Project 1596 Komandarm Fedko commercial tankers, from which the 1596.6 was derived, and from which the class name is derived. A batch of at least nine [and possibly as many as eleven] commercial tankers were built at the Ukrainian Kherson Shipyard in the 1970s and 1980s.

Project 1596 Komandarm Fedko Project 1596 Komandarm Fedko

During the 1970s, the Soviets introduced the BORIS CHILIKIN class of combination oiler-stores ship and a larger, multipurpose replenishment ship, the 37,000-ton BEREZINA, which carried two helicopters for vertical replenishment and is similar to the US Navy's WICHITA Class AOR design, although it carried only about half as much fuel. The Command of the Navy had contemplated the construction of a series of supply ships based on the results of trial operation of the BEREZINA project, but due to the high cost, partly unsuitability for joint operations with various warships, excessive complexity and, in the opinion of several military experts - a low speed, only one Project 1833 ship code "Pegasus" was built. And only two very small underway replenishment ships had been delivered to the Soviet Navy since 1979.

Project 1596.6 Komandarm Fedko class underway replenishment class evidently represented a renewed interest in this type of ship in the final days of the Cold War. In Soviet Naval service they would have been a bit smaller than the 209.84 meter BEREZINA, though a bit larger than the 162.3 meter BORIS CHILIKIN. They were undoubtedly intended to operate in support of the 79,750 ton Project 1143.7 Orel / Ul'yanovsk attack carriers, the first Soviet power-projection carriers that would have been direct counterparts to American attack carriers.

The 37,000-ton Nancang was laid down at Kherson Shipyard in January 1989 for the then-Soviet Navy as the Vladimir Peregudov, a modified variant of the commercial, 27,400 deadweight ton Komandarm Fedko tanker design. When the new Russian Navy no longer could afford to take delivery of the ship (which would have been its first new underway replenishment vessel in more than a decade), she was sold [some say nearly complete] to China for a reported $10 million bargain price.

By one account, in May 1993 the uncompleted ship was towed to Dalian for final fitting out . Fitting out was completed in China and, the ship was delivered in June 1996 as NANCANG. Commissioned on 2 June 1996 but still without some of her alongside replenishment gear, the Nancang was only able to provide astern fueling services for the two destroyers during Chinese Navy North and South American voyage. China's largest naval unit, and one of its newest, the 16.4-knot underway replenishment oiler Nancang visited San Diego in March 1997 in support of the Luhu -class destroyer Harbin and the Luda-II Zhuhai.

Project 1596 Komandarm Fedko

The much more recently begun Indian Navy oiler Jyoti is a near-sister to the Nancang but has a double hull and less elaborate helicopter and replenishment facilities.

A total of eight [not four] ships of the Komandarm Fedko [Army Commander Fedko] class were built by the Admiralty Shipyard, St. Petersburg. One was bought by India in 1996, and six others are in commercial service. It is believed that these ships were intended to become underway replenishment ships for the Soviet navy, but consruction work was halted after the first unit was laid down due to insufficient funding. In 19941998 the shipyard built a series of tankers of 28400 DWT, Project 15966, for foreign customers from Norway (2 vessels), Germany (4 vessels).

The commercial vessels were designed to carry up to 6 grades of oil products of all categories simultaneously as well as crude oil. Navigation area is not limited. Type of the vessel is a single-screw, single-deck diesel tanker with double bottom, double sides, one longitudinal bulkhead in the tank area, aft location of the engine room, pump room, service and accommodation spaces, bulb bow and transom stern. The cargo zone is divided by corrugated transverse and longitudinal bulkheads into 14 cargo tanks and 2 slop tanks.

Ivan Fedko was born June 24 (July 6) in 1897, in the village Khmeleva Poltava province (now Romenskogo district of Sumy region). He was a Soviet military commander, commander of the 1st rank (1938), a member of the Civil War. Member of the USSR Central Executive Committee, member of the USSR Supreme Soviet of the first convocation, a member of the Military Council of the People's Commissariat of Defense.

The son of a peasant, he was educated at school of warrant officers (1917) and the Military Academy of the RKKA (1922). Participant of World War 1, he achieved the rank of Ensign. In June 1917 joined the RSDLP. In late 1917, he organized in Feodosia red guard detachment, deployed then in 6th 1 Black Sea revolutionary Regiment, which fought in Northern Caucasus.

As of 27.10.1918 Fedko was Acting Commander-in-Chief revolutionary forces in the North Caucasus. In 1918-20 he commanded the 11st and the Crimean army, Infantry Division, a group of troops. Fought in southern Russia. During the Suppression of the kronstadt rebellion (1921) he commanded the 7th Infantry 187 Brigade.

Then, as a proven Communist, Fedko was thrown in to suppress peasant uprising in Tambov province in May 1921 and was appointed commander of the 1-St of the plot. Has participated in punitive operations. Awarded 4 orders of the red banner (1919, two in 1921.1924). After the war, he commanded a Division, Corps, beg. staff and Assistant Commander of the Volga military district. Since 1931, he was the Commander of the Caucasian red banner army. In 1932 he led the Volga military district, then Deputy Commander of the Special red banner far eastern army and Commander of the maritime group of forces. In 1937-38 Commander of the Caucasian military district (CWE). During its location in the district was unprecedented among the team and political cleansing composition, and among districts at the end of the WAR on Nov. 1937 took first place-were laid off nearly 2 thousand. man. In 1937 was elected Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, with Member of its Bureau, 1938. From 1938-1 Deputy. people's Commissar of Defense of the USSR. From March 1938 while a member of the RED ARMY's main military Council.

Fedko was arrested on July 7, 1938. At first he refused to accept any blame, but in the course of the investigation Fedko confessed their involvement in the military-fascist conspiracy. On February 26, 1939, he was sentenced to death and executed. In 1956 Fedko was rehabilitated.




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