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Project 1559V/1593 Boris Chilikin class
Voyenyy Tanker (VT) Military Tanker code "Sea expanse"

This class of six large sea tanker replenishment oilers are a slightly modified version of the civilian Project 1559 Velikiy Oktyabr class. They have only a minimal dry cargo/stores replenishment capability. The leadship of the class was transferred to Ukraine.

The sea tankers serving in the Navy in the mid-1960s did not fully satisfied the Navy's requirements. The projection of the fleet to remote areas of the World Ocean for combat service, and in the 1970s and the emergence of the Project 1143 aircraft carriers, required the creation of new fairly large marine tankers.

Therefore, in 1967 the Design Bureau "Baltsudoproekt" TTP was issued a requirment for the design of marine tanker Project 1559V, created on the basis of the civilian Project 1559 Velikiy Oktyabr class. SN Shumilov was the chief designer, but the design was overseen for the Navy by Captain 2nd Rank Yu.D.Makshanchikov. The limited period of time available for creating this ship led to the need relax many of the most important requirements of the Navy for ships of this type. The Navy accepted the composition of the main power plant - a single shaft and thin (one diesel power in 9600 hp), providing a full speed of 16 knots.

Devices were installed on the tanker for cargo transfer at sea using the "traverznym" method which allowe performing cargo operations in a high sea state. For defensive weapons there were two 57-mm gun mounts with "Bars" radar control and a 30-mm AK-630 with "Vympel" control radar. Due to the wide range of transmitted cargo (8,250 tons of diesel fuel, 2,050 tonnes of jet fuel, 1,000 tons of drinking water - 1,000 tons, 450 tons of boiler water, lubricating oil (4 varieties) - 250 tons of dry cargo and 220 tons of food), the ship was a complex supply tanker.

The lead ship of Project 1559V tanker "Boris Chilikin" was built on the Baltic CVD in 1971, which built six such tankers. In the operation, some were repainted in the color of vessels trading with MMF flag. This facilitated their visits to foreign ports.

Integrated supply tanker Ivan Bubnov furrowed the waters in the Gulf of Aden where it had a combat alert mission, containing Somali-based pirates, because this tanker is part of the ninth squad of sea vessels at the Russian Black Sea Fleet and has long been serving the Motherland, about 40 years already.

And the name of the tanker is more than worthy any submarine would have been proud of this name Ivan G. Bubnov was born on January 18, 1872, in Nizhny Novgorod into the family of a second-guild merchant. The roots of his peasant-merchant clan go back to the city of Rybinsk. Vanya was not attracted by rows of stalls, but rather by education, more specifically vocational training. If the only thing Bubnov did was drafting and building submarines (eventually he designed 32 vessels of 6 types) he would already be worthy of memory. However his engineering genius also conceived overwater ships. In March of 1919, the great Russian ship designer died of typhoid in Petrograd. Shortly before his death Professor Bubnov supervised the rebuilding of light battle cruisers into oil tankers at the Baltic Works.

On 18 October, 1999 the group, including Moskva guard missile cruiser, flagship of the Black Sea Fleet, Pitliviy patrol ship and Ivan Bubnov large sea tanker left Se-bastopol and entered the Mediterranean Sea for the purpose of visiting Toulon (France) and Latakia (Syria). Vice Admiral Evgeny Orlov, Deputy Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, was conducting the operation. At the same time Yamal large landing craft left for Corfu Island (Greece) and Split port (Croatia). Apart from military and diplomatic missions in the course of visiting foreign ports the ships managed to carry out military exercises. It is difficult to over estimate the importance of such practice because it was a first long-range voyage for many crew members of the group.

Minister of Defense Anatoly Serdyukov reported 06 December 2007 to Supreme Commander-in-Chief, President of Russia Vladinir Putin that the Russian Navy had returned to the World Ocean. A naval group including an aircraft-carrying heavy cruiser, two antisubmarine warfare ships and big tanker advanced to Severomorsk on its further way to the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean. At a point of destination, the group would be joined by missile cruiser Moskva and sea tanker Ivan Bubnov. Totally the group will include 4 combat ships, 7 auxiliary ships of the North, Black Sea and Baltic Fleets, 47 fixed-wing aircraft and 10 helicopters. The mission will be supported by the strategic aviation. The mission would last 71 days, during this time period the ships covered 12,000 miles and visited ports in 6 countries.

On 25 November 2008 a group of Russian Northern Fleet warships headed by the heavy nuclear-powered guided-missile cruiser Peter the Great made a call at the Venezuelan port of La Guair located on the Caribbean coast 30 km from Caracas. The arrival of the warships coincided with the visit of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to Venezuela. The Russian Navy sent to Venezuela five deck-based aircraft and four ships to be involved in the joint exercise including the heavy nuclear-powered guided-missile cruiser Peter the Great, large ASW ship Admiral Chabanenko, large sea tanker Ivan Bubnov and sea rescue tug SB-406.

In November 2012 Russian warships anchored off the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea to prepare the evacuation of Russians in the area, should the conflict in Gaza escalate, The Voice of Russia quoted a Russian Navy Command source. The detachment of combat ships of the Black Sea Fleet, including the Guards missile cruiser Moskva, the patrol ship Smetliviy, large landing ships Novocherkassk and Saratov, the sea tug MB-304 and the big sea tanker Ivan Bubnov, got the order to remain in the designated area of the Eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea for a possible evacuation of Russian citizens from the area of the Gaza strip in case of escalation of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the spokesperson said.

Ships of the Russian Black Sea Fleet and Baltic Fleets started exercises off the coast of Syria 11 January 2013. A tactical group of Black Sea Fleet warships headed by the cruiser Moskva undertook exercises in the eastern sector of the Mediterranean Sea. The tanker Ivan Bubnov fuelled the ships and emergency drills were carried out. On 10 January 2013 the tanker filled its fuel and water tanks and food stores at the Cyprus port of Larnaka. A Russian naval task force, led by the Moskva missile cruiser, arrived 03 August 2013 on a five day official visit to Cuba. The Moskva, the flagship of the Black Sea Fleet, is accompanied by Udaloy-class destroyer Vice Admiral Kulakov from the Northern Fleet and the Ivan Bubnov tanker.



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